Who did black people pray to before slavery? A discussion on Quora


Click here to watch African culture  A 40 MINUTE DOCUMENTARY.

The great spiritual up lifter of the indigo people’s was a great enlightener called Orvonon, who lead the black man in the onetime service of “The God of Gods”. His influence for the worship of God lasted in Africa until a few thousand years ago.

You may be interested to know that shortly after taking leave of this world Jesus established a council of Four and Twenty Elders to help in the spiritual government of this world and Orvonon presently holds one of the seats of this council.

Paul Kemp’s answer to Who could possibly be the 24 elders mentioned in Revelation 5:8, New Testament?

The religions of the world have a double origin — natural and revelatory — at any one time and among any one people there are to be found three distinct forms of religious devotion. And these three manifestations of the religious urge are:

1. Primitive religion. The seminatural and instinctive urge to fear mysterious energies and worship superior forces, chiefly a religion of the physical nature, the religion of fear.

2. The religion of civilization. The advancing religious concepts and practices of the civilizing races — the religion of the mind — the intellectual theology of the authority of established religious tradition.

3. True religion — the religion of revelation. The revelation of supernatural values, a partial insight into eternal realities, a glimpse of the goodness and beauty of the infinite character of the Father in heaven — the religion of the spirit as demonstrated in human experience.

Read more here

The Urantia Papers – an enlarged revelation of TRUTH


The only thing we can be reasonably sure of is that it was not blond, blue eyed Jesus. Alex Haley portrayed his ancestors as Muslim. Most slaves were taken from the same region.

Further research on my part shows not blond, blue eyed Jesus but Portuguese Jesus got there half a century before Columbus got here. Feel better now?

I added this picture I found which isn’t from the duscussion


You may first want to determine which black people you are referring to. There are numerous communities of black people around the world who different cultural practices. The simple answer to this though, is God. Not as you know Him from the Bible but as he was perceived and referred to in the different communities. Divinities were revered as intermediaries between human beings and the Supreme Being.


By black people did you mean Africans? And by slavery did you mean slavery in the United States? I am assuming that you meant both these things, and hoping that you soon understand the difference between them.

Before 1619,when African Slaves were brought to Jamestown, the enslaved people were previously living mainly in Senegambia, where religions such as Obeah and  Myalism  were prominent.



Africans always believed in God ( the rain maker, the creator of humans) in my language the called him Musikavanhu. So people relied on spirit mediums to communicate with the higher being to find out about troublres in the village or why they was no rain at that particular time. To this day people still believe in this. So selling the gospel of God to africans was easy. The challenge was selling that God had a son (Jesus) this made the supernatural being they believed in human.


The part of Africa most of the slaves came from were populated mostly by animists,  worshiping spirits, nature, ancestors,  stuff like that.  A lot of variation to animist beliefs.  
Some were probably muslim,  or part muslim/part animist.  There were also jews and christians but probably not in large numbers.

Hernanday Oleary



Mainly God or Jesus.  African peoples fell mainly into 4 categories.

1. Christians.  Mainly the copts in Ethiopia and east africa and the catholics in angola and the congo.

2. Muslims. Mainly the western africans and northern africans.

3.  Jews. Mainly the western africans in kingdoms around Juda which stretched across Nigeria and Cameroon.  Then you had Uganda, Zimbabwean and other african jews like ethiopian jews.

4. Ancient African religions which are often called spirtualities by Western academics due to bias (the same reason why greek mythology is called well mythology but christian mythology is called religion).

The african religions had multiple gods, the largest being ancient egyptian religion.  You had gods of different things, sky, sea, earth, underworld, water, rivers, fertility, etc.  Spiritualities are not inconsistent with religions.  They are like Voodoo, you can be a christian and believe in voodoo too.



It is very hard to say definitively but some slaves were muslims, some work pagan or had beliefs considered pagan to White Americans and some actually could have been Christians


Depends on what part of the world they were from. It varies from one extreme to the other. When the Zulu warriors dominated Africa; at least some parts of it, they enslaved whole populations and sold them from tribe to tribe, when the dutch came along and others they saw a commodity that could be taken to other parts of the world, the need was big; immoral or not, it was the economics of the day, blacks selling blacks into slavery and once their slaves became a world wide commodity in human trafficking….economics took over and drove it to what it became, one of the greatest, shameful times in world history. America gets blamed for a lot of it, yet it would have never happened without the help from every aspect of the rest of the world of the day.

So the the point; “Yes” they prayed; but the mix and matching of faiths beyond anyone really being able to lock it down in anything more than general trends.


All answers are suspect. Even today there are over 300 distinct variations on five types of religious based beliefs.

Sigh. So there isn’t a simple answer.



They prayed to GOD. The name of GOD is almost the same in most dialects of Africa. The people just ddon’t have a single set way of praying or appeasement. Ancestral worship wasn’t as paganistic as many traders would have historians believe



In my studies in preparation for teaching Comparative Religion,I looked at the many early concepts of what is a religion.Within the peoples of Africa,and even Native Americans, much superstition,and myth entered into what they believed.The god often was some aspect of their lives, i.e needs for food, for safety, for healing,etc.Prayer today is most often associated with some known religion and is thus addressed to the deity of the specific belief http://system.To a group of peoples in what we would refer to as an un-civilized society.The immediate concerns for life would bring about their approach to what might be determined to be deity.A native throwing her child into the river to appease the crocodile god is a way to seek protection.This may have arisen from someone being eaten by a crocodile and thus the fear came about.Throughout history myth has been incorporated with religious practices,and in many cases trying to separate one from the other can be difficult.One must research the most ancient civilizations in order to perhaps see where primitive beliefs were carried from one society to another.Remember that ancient Egypt was closely involved with African peoples.Prayer,as we define it today is specific requests,desires,needs,etc. to the deity one follows.Therefore in conclusion,in order to make this as short as possible, I would say that prayer in the black peoples would be directed,not so much to a known deity, but that which they perceived as an immediate need.



They had not been introduced to Christianity before slavery. They probably believed in the folk religions of Africa.


Yoruba Mythology
According to Yoruba (YOUR-a-bah) mythology, the first Yoruba kings were the offspring of the creator, Oduduwa (oh-doo-DOO-wah). A Yoruba king’s crown identifies the status of its wearer and gives the king the power to interact with the spirit world in order to benefit his people. A veil, a large face, and a group of birds are commonly appear on a Yoruba king’s crown.

Long, long ago, Olorun (OH-low-run), the sky god, lowered a great chain from the heavens to the ancient waters. Down this chain climbed Oduduwa, Olorun’s son. Oduduwa brought with him a handful of dirt, a special five-toed chicken, and a palm nut. He threw the dirt upon the ancient waters and set the chicken on the dirt. The chicken busily scratched and scattered the dirt until it formed the first dry earth. In the center of this new world, Oduduwa created the magnificent Ife (EE-fay) kingdom. He planted the palm nut, which grew into a proud tree with 16 branches, symbolizing the 16 sons and grandsons of Oduduwa.

Oduduwa was the first ruler of the kingdom and the father of all Yoruba. Over time he crowned his 16 sons and grandsons and sent them off to establish their own great Yoruba kingdoms. As descendants of the sky god, these first Yoruba rulers and their direct descendants were divine kings. Only they could wear special veiled crowns that symbolized their sacred power.


The Boshongo are a Bantu tribe of Central Africa.

In the beginning there was only darkness, water, and the great god Bumba. One day Bumba, in pain from a stomach ache, vomited up the sun. The sun dried up some of the water, leaving land. Still in pain, Bumba vomited up the moon, the stars, and then some animals: the leopard, the crocodile, the turtle, and, finally, some men, one of whom, Yoko Lima was white like Bumba.


The Efik are a Nigerian tribe.

The creator, Abassi, created two humans and then decided to not allow them to live on earth. His wife, Atai, persuaded him to let them do so. In order to control the humans, Abassi insisted that they eat all their meals with him, thereby keeping them from growing or hunting food. He also forbade them to procreate. Soon, though, the woman began growing food in the earth, and they stopped showing up to eat with Abassi. Then the man joined his wife in the fields, and before long there were children also. Abassi blamed his wife for the way things had turned out, but she told him she would handle it. She sent to earth death and discord to keep the people in their place.


The Ekoi are a tribe in southern Nigeria.

In the beginning there were two gods, Obassi Osaw and Obassi Nsi. The two gods created everything together. Then Obassi Osaw decided to live in the sky and Obassi Nsi decided to live on the earth. The god in the sky gives light and moisture, but also brings drought and storms. The god of the earth nurtures, and takes the people back to him when they die. One day long ago Obassi Osaw made a man and a woman, and placed them upon the earth. They knew nothing so Obassi Nsi taught them about planting and hunting to get food.


Wak was the creator god who lived in the clouds. He kept the vault of the heavens at a distance from the earth and covered it with stars. He was a benefactor and did not punish. When the earth was flat Wak asked man to make his own coffin, and when man did this Wak shut him up in it and pushed it into the ground. For seven years he made fire rain down and the mountains were formed. Then Wak unearthed the coffin and man sprang forth, alive. Man tired of living alone, so Wak took some of his blood, and after four days, the blood became a woman whom the man married. They had 30 children, but the man was ashamed of having so many so he hid 15 of them. Wak then made those hidden children into animals and demons.

Read the full article here African creation stories


Wikipedia links listed below

African Traditions by regionEdit

This list is limited to a few well-known traditions.

Central AfricaEdit

East AfricanEdit

Southern AfricaEdit

West AfricaEdit

African DiasporaEdit

North AfricaEdit

Horn of AfricaEdit



An Igbo account

Igbo hebrew history religion & mythology

Sumerian records say that the first God-king of Atlantis was URASH – a Sea-Emperor. We have a river (river-god) in Igboland called Urash. Atlantis was the first world civilization. The Urashi river is densely lined with Wine Palm Trees – the very type whose seeds are being plucked here by angels. The Urash river flows from Orlu (Imo state) through Okija (Anambra state) and joins the Niger. King Urash was an Aborigin, and lived on earth long before the arrival of the Nephilim/Annunaki. My suspicion is that the Palm Tree (Sumerian “Tree of Life”), wch was said to be the First Tree in Eden (see Ralph Ellis: Eden in Egypt), was a metaphor for the Aboriginal Seed of King Uruash, and that his spiritual base is the Urash River. Thus the various species of the Palm Tree frequently celebrated by angels in Sumerian records are all sprouts of the Soul Seed of King Uruash – the First Man to evolve on earth – the Uncreated Aborigine. The Palm Tree is the most sacred and most important tree in Igboland. Its soft shoot (Omu) is considered holy and to harbour the Holy Spirit of God. It is used for spiritual deliverance from every form of evil, and to cordon off bad spirits and negative vibes. We are told in Eri mythology that after the Deluge all vegetation died, and God told Eri (the Atlantean migrant to Igboland – see our new book ‘Eden in Sumer on the Niger’) to kill and dismember his first son and daughter and plant the parts of their body in the ground. Out of the body parts of the son grew the palm tree and yam…. This is a very deep mystery we should try to understand. As I said somewhere else the Palm Seed is the metaphor for the Divine DNA of the aborigines – the Landlords of the earth – the descendants of the first God-King of Atlantis King Uruash. Yashaya is the incarnation of the Christ. But before he came, Osiris had embodied the same Christ several thousands of years before. Before Osiris there was Bakkhus also called Afra (Bi-Afra means ‘Be-Afra – ‘Home of Afra’. Those of you belonging to Summit LightHouse probably know tht Afra is one of the Lords they channel). Afra was crucified in Africa by ca. 500,000 BC. (Africa is named after him). He is the Crucified Christ of the Dogon folklore. His was also Bakkus. As Bakkus he was a WINE god (the originator of the Eucharistic Wine). His name is derived from Igbo GBANKWU ‘LET the WINE Flow’. He returned as Dionysius/Osiris before the Deluge. After the Deluge he returned again in his male and female aspects to offer himself as food and wine to the Igbo First People because all crops had been buried in the Deluge. This time he returned in the House of Eri and offered himself to be killed for the re-engineering of food-crops (Yam and Cocoyam) as well as the Palm Tree and Palm Wine (the Tree of Life and the Drink of Life) and for Breadfruit/Ukwa. All this is part of Eri mythology of Umueri and Umunri. He came into Eri’s house as a Son and Daughter of Eri, though he was the Christ. He ordered Eri to kill him for food to feed his Igbo brethren/children. Before being dismembered and planted in the soil, he/she was scarified in the face with the X-symbol of Orion called ICHI. By tht he/she was re-deified. He actually returned back to life bearing the name IGBO (Yorubas call him ‘Obatala Oba Igbo’) and brewed the tapped the same palm tree tht came from his body and fed the people with the sacred drink. He got drunk and his junior brother Marduk stole his Ashe and his title of ‘World Ruler’ (Oduduwa/Onyendu uwa), made war against him and drove him into exile to South America where he inaugurated the Olmec first civilization of the Americas as QuetzalCoatl/Kulkulcan, the feathered Serpent. Osiris has a Twin identity with Thoth. The symbol of Bakkus is the Palm Wine. Bakkus was eventually killed and eaten. So he was also the bread. The symbol of Osiris/Igbo/Obatala is Yam (Bread of Life) and also Palmwine.

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