Category Archives: Black history

The Lemba tribe Akan Igbos Yoruba hebrews of Africa

 

 

Cameroon, Congo, and Southern Bantu Peoples

Primarily located in: Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland, Rwanda, Burundi

Also found in: Botswana, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Chad, Gabon, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Sao Tome and Principe, Equatorial Guinea

Extending through the heart of Africa, our Cameroon, Congo, and Southern Bantu Peoples region winds through tropical rainforest, humid savanna, and semi-arid desert. Starting about 3,000 years ago, Bantu-speaking peoples spread from an area around the border of modern-day Cameroon and Nigeria through much of sub-Saharan Africa in one of the greatest migrations in human history. Today the region is home to unrivaled ethnic and linguistic diversity.

Early History

Central Africa’s Congo Basin and Cameroon have been home to human populations for at least 30,000 years, and more than 250 different ethnic groups can be found in the area today. Many are considered Bantu peoples. Bantu (meaning “people”) refers to a group of Niger-Congo languages that trace their origin back to the western border of modern Cameroon and Nigeria. The Bantu language group is among the world’s most diverse, with more than 500 languages. More than 310 million people speak a Bantu language.

My Bantu GaDangme Yoruba Hausa Russian Scottish maternal side below

 

Gedmatch.Com

Dodecad K12b 4-Ancestors Oracle

This program is based on 4-Ancestors Oracle Version 0.96 by Alexandr Burnashev.

The GEDmatch version of Oracle may give slightly different results from Dienekes version. The GEDmatch version uses FST weighting in its calculations.

Population
Gedrosia
Siberian
Northwest_African 1.40 Pct
Southeast_Asian
Atlantic_Med 0.37 Pct
North_European 4.04 Pct
South_Asian
East_African 7.14 Pct
Southwest_Asian
East_Asian
Caucasus
Sub_Saharan 87.06 Pct
      

Admix Results (sorted):

# Population Percent
1 Sub_Saharan 87.06
2 East_African 7.14
3 North_European 4.04
4 Northwest_African 1.40

Finished reading population data. 223 populations found.
12 components mode.

——————————–

Least-squares method.

Using 1 population approximation:
1 Bantu_S.E._S.Sotho_HGDP @ 5.941215
2 Bantu_S.E._Zulu_HGDP @ 5.989156
3 Bantu_S.W._Herero_HGDP @ 6.191617
4 Bantu_S.E._Pedi_HGDP @ 6.740980
5 Bantu_S.E._Tswana_HGDP @ 6.879447
6 Bantu_S.W._Ovambo_HGDP @ 7.860303
7 ASW30_HapMap3 @ 8.954385
8 Mandenka_HGDP @ 13.194644
9 Yoruba_HGDP @ 15.393278
10 YRI30_HGDP @ 15.393278
11 Bantu_N.E._HGDP @ 18.725086
12 LWK30_Behar @ 21.019032
13 MKK30_Dodecad @ 82.090340
14 Sandawe_He_Henn @ 84.022049
15 Algerian_Dodecad @ 91.012428
16 Yemenese_Behar @ 91.091537
17 Moroccans_Behar @ 93.398926
18 Egyptans_Behar @ 93.721519
19 Uzbeks_Behar @ 95.749939
20 Uygur_HGDP @ 96.872185

Using 2 populations approximation:
1 50% ASW30_HapMap3 +50% Bantu_S.E._Zulu_HGDP @ 3.317516

Using 3 populations approximation:
1 50% ASW30_HapMap3 +25% Bantu_S.E._Pedi_HGDP +25% Bantu_S.E._S.Sotho_HGDP @ 3.302686

Using 4 populations approximation:
+++++++++++++++++++++++
1 ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_N.E._HGDP + Bantu_S.W._Ovambo_HGDP + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.048530
2 ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_S.W._Ovambo_HGDP + LWK30_Behar + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.051240
3 ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_N.E._HGDP + Bantu_S.W._Herero_HGDP + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.086563
4 ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_N.E._HGDP + Bantu_S.E._S.Sotho_HGDP + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.213704
5 ASW30_HapMap3 + LWK30_Behar + Mandenka_HGDP + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.215178
6 ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_S.W._Herero_HGDP + LWK30_Behar + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.249026
7 ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_N.E._HGDP + Bantu_S.E._Zulu_HGDP + Mandenka_HGDP @ 3.261099
8 ASW30_HapMap3 + ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_S.E._Pedi_HGDP + Bantu_S.E._S.Sotho_HGDP @ 3.302686
9 ASW30_HapMap3 + ASW30_HapMap3 + Bantu_N.E._HGDP + Yoruba_HGDP

Population
Ancestral_North_Eurasian 1.76 Pct
Ancestral_South_Eurasian 0.76 Pct
East_Asian
West_European_Hunter_Gartherer 2.39 Pct
Natufian 1.95 Pct
Sub_Saharan 93.13 Pct

Admix Results (sorted):

# Population Percent
1 Sub_Saharan 93.13
2 West_European_Hunter_Gartherer 2.39
3 Natufian 1.95
4 Ancestral_North_Eurasian 1.76
5 Ancestral_South_Eurasian 0.76

Single Population Sharing:

# Population (source) Distance
1 Gambian 4.77
2 Esan 8.16
3 Yoruba 8.16
4 Mota 12.59
5 Hadza 14.06
6 Masai 27.1
7 Somali 49.08
8 Moroccan 84.37
9 Saharawi 85.73
10 Algerian 87.94
11 Yemeni 94.4
12 Libyan 94.75
13 Egyptian 97.91
14 GoyetQ116 101.79
15 BedouinA 103.97
16 Jordanian 106.72
17 Syrian 107.67
18 Palestinian 107.97
19 Steppe_IA 109.71
20 Turkmen 109.76

Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

# Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
1 96% Gambian + 4% Steppe_Eneolithic @ 0.67
2 96% Gambian + 4% Steppe_EMBA @ 0.71
3 93.2% Yoruba + 6.8% Steppe_MLBA @ 0.8
4 93.2% Esan + 6.8% Steppe_MLBA @ 0.8
5 96% Gambian + 4% Steppe_MLBA @ 0.89
6 93.3% Yoruba + 6.7% Ukrainian @ 1.07
7 93.3% Esan + 6.7% Ukrainian @ 1.07
8 95.9% Gambian + 4.1% Steppe_IA @ 1.07
9 93.3% Esan + 6.7% Russian @ 1.11
10 93.3% Yoruba + 6.7% Russian @ 1.11
11 93.4% Yoruba + 6.6% Norwegian @ 1.11
12 93.4% Esan + 6.6% Norwegian @ 1.11
13 96% Gambian + 4% Russian @ 1.12
14 96.1% Gambian + 3.9% Estonian @ 1.13
15 96% Gambian + 4% Finnish @ 1.13
16 96.1% Gambian + 3.9% Lithuanian @ 1.13
17 93.4% Yoruba + 6.6% Hungarian @ 1.14
18 93.4% Esan + 6.6% Hungarian @ 1.14
19 93.4% Yoruba + 6.6% Scottish @ 1.14
20 93.4% Esan + 6.6% Scottish @ 1.14

 

Tracing Sephardic Spainish Jewish ancestry

Population
S_Indian
Mediterranean 0.62 Pct
Siberian
Wht_Nile_River 8.08 Pct
Amerindian
S_African 2.60 Pct
E_Asian
Caucasian
NE_European 3.62 Pct
Omo_River 0.25 Pct
W_African 82.21 Pct
Horn_Of_Africa 2.37 Pct
Oceanian 0.27 Pct
Beringiaen
SW_Asian
      

Admix Results (sorted):

# Population Percent
1 W_African 82.21
2 Wht_Nile_River 8.08
3 NE_European 3.62
4 S_African 2.6
5 Horn_Of_Africa 2.37
6 Mediterranean 0.62
7 Oceanian 0.27
8 Omo_River 0.25

Single Population Sharing:

# Population (source) Distance
1 Bamoun 5.52
2 Hausa 5.74
3 Igbo 6.6
4 Bambaran 7.35
5 African_American 9.46
6 Brong 10.45
7 Mandinka 12.86
8 NE_Bantu 15.64
9 Yoruban 16.32
10 Luhya 21.39
11 SA_Bantu 26.18
12 Xhosa 36.52
13 Pygmy 44.12
14 Sandawe 59.09
15 Dominican 60.54
16 Puerto_Rican 69.75
17 Somali_Benadiri 74.77
18 Moroccan 77.67
19 Maasai 77.89
20 Mozabite_Berber 80.7

Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

# Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
1 64.5% Hausa + 35.5% African_American @ 2.89
2 95.5% Hausa + 4.5% Lithuanian @ 3.09
3 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Belarusian @ 3.1
4 60.6% Igbo + 39.4% African_American @ 3.12
5 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Karelian @ 3.12
6 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Finnish @ 3.12
7 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Russian @ 3.13
8 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Mordovian @ 3.14
9 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Polish @ 3.17
10 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Swedish @ 3.21
11 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Norwegian @ 3.24
12 57.4% Bambaran + 42.6% African_American @ 3.25
13 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% North_German @ 3.25
14 95.5% Hausa + 4.5% Scottish @ 3.28
15 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Slovenian @ 3.29
16 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Orcadian @ 3.29
17 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Austrian @ 3.3
18 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Irish @ 3.3
19 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% English @ 3.3
20 95.4% Hausa + 4.6% Hungarian @

South Sudanese Bantu -My DNA connections

Admix Results (sorted):

# Population Percent
1 W_Benue_Congo 58.89
2 E_Benue_Congo 25.56
3 Western_Semitic 5.12
4 Omotic 2.47
5 Southern_HG 2.39
6 Eastern_HG 2.17
7 Ubangian_Congo 1.93
8 Nilo_Saharan 1.47

Single Population Sharing:

# Population (source) Distance
1 Nigeria_Hausa 5.73
2 Mali_Mandinka 5.89
3 Nigeria_Igbo 8.73
4 Cameroon_Bamoun 11.82
5 DRC_Kongo 11.93
6 Nigeria_Yoruba 13.14
7 Chad_Kaba 13.76
8 Ghana_Brong 15.17
9 Cameroon_Fang 17.89
10 Mali_Bambaran 18.03
11 SA_Nguni 23.74
12 SA_Pedi 24.95
13 Cameroon_Mada 25.74
14 Kenyan_Bantu 27.03
15 SA_Bantu 30.57
16 SA_Sotho/Tswana 31.32
17 Mali_Dogon 33.95
18 SA_Xhosa 35.58
19 Nigeria_Fulani 36.38
20 Kenyan_Luhya 42.86

Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

# Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
1 87.4% Nigeria_Igbo + 12.6% Tanzania_Sandawe @ 2.48
2 81.9% Nigeria_Yoruba + 18.1% Tanzania_Sandawe @ 2.86
3 88.3% Nigeria_Hausa + 11.7% Nigeria_Fulani @ 3.14
4 94.7% Nigeria_Hausa + 5.3% S_Moroccan @ 3.28
5 95.3% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.7% Mozabite @ 3.46
6 95.8% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.2% Egyptian @ 3.47
7 95.6% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.4% N_Moroccan @ 3.5
8 95.6% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.4% Tunisian @ 3.5
9 95.5% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.5% Libyan @ 3.51
10 95.5% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.5% Algerian @ 3.61
11 76.5% Ghana_Brong + 23.5% DRC_Hema @ 3.89
12 51.3% Nigeria_Hausa + 48.7% Mali_Mandinka @ 4
13 95.1% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.9% Ethiopian_Tygray @ 4.16
14 86.1% Nigeria_Igbo + 13.9% DRC_Hema @ 4.18
15 73.1% Mali_Mandinka + 26.9% DRC_Kongo @ 4.21
16 81% Mali_Mandinka + 19% Cameroon_Fang @ 4.26
17 95.2% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.8% Ethiopian_Amhara @ 4.27
18 95.3% Nigeria_Hausa + 4.7% Ethiopian_Afar @ 4.34
19 76.5% Nigeria_Igbo + 23.5% SA_Pedi @ 4.35
20 75.6% Nigeria_Igbo + 24.4% SA_Nguni @ 4.43
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Benin & Togo DNA #

Benin Togo Nigeria and Ghana area

Volta–Niger languages

The Volta–Niger family of languages, also known as West Benue–Congo or East Kwa, is one of the branches of the Niger–Congo language family, with perhaps 50 million speakers. Among these are the most important languages of southern NigeriaBeninTogo, and southeast GhanaYorubaIgboBiniFon, and Ewe.

Volta–Niger
West Benue–Congo
East Kwa
Geographic
distribution
West Africa, from Eastern Ghana to central Nigeria
Linguistic classification Niger–Congo

Subdivisions
Glottolog None
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Some important branches of the Volta–Niger and Benue–Congo families are concentrated in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Benin.

These languages have variously been placed within the Kwa or Benue–Congo families, but Williamson & Blench (2000) separate them from both. The boundaries between the various branches of Volta–Niger are rather vague, suggesting diversification of a dialect continuum rather than a clear split of families, which suggest a close origin

The constituent groups of the Volta–Niger family, along with the most important languages in terms of number of speakers, are as follows (with number of languages for each branch in parentheses):

Volta–Niger  
Akpes (1)
Ayere–Ahan (2)
Gbe (21: Fon [2 million], Ewe [3 million])
  yeai  
Yoruboid (Igala [1 million], Yorùbá [22 million], Itsekiri[800,000])
Edoid (27: Edo [Bini, 1 million])
Akoko (1)
Igboid (7: Igbo [18 million])
 noi 
Nupoid (12: Ebira [1 million], Nupe [1 million])
Oko (1)
Idomoid (9: Idoma[600,000])
Ukaan (1)

The Yoruboid languages and Akoko were once linked as the Defoid branch, but more recently they, Edoid, and Igboid have been suggested to be primary branches of an as-yet unnamed group, often abbreviated yeai. Similarly, Oko, Nupoid, and Idomoid are often grouped together under the acronym noi. Ukaan is an Atlantic–Congo language, but it is unclear if it belongs to the Volta–Niger family; Blench suspects it is closer to Benue–Congo.

To be continued

The Tikar People of Cameroon

According to the oral and documented history of the Tikar people, they originated in present-day Sudan. It is believed that when they inhabited Sudan, they lived adjacent to two groups. The first group comprised of iron-makers/blacksmiths and carpenters in the Meroe Kindgom; this group (ancestors of the Mende people) later left the Sudan and moved west towards Lake Chad. They eventually traveled to the Mali Empire, and along with the town Fulani and Mande, founded the Kingdom of Mani. The second group – ancestors of the Fulani – arrived in the Sudan from Egypt and Ethiopia. These cattle and goat herders moved west to Lake Chad near present-day Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria before traveling across West Africa. It is believed that when the ancestors of the Tikar were in the Sudan, they lived along the Nile River. There, they developed their cattle grazing, iron-making, horse riding, and fighting skills.

At some point in time, the ancestors of the Tikar moved from the Sudan to the Adamawa Northern Region of present-day Cameroon. They settled in a village they named Ngambe (present-day Bankim District) where they intermarried with selected grassland farmers and animal herders.

Click for full post

http://rootsrevealed.blogspot.com/2014/09/the-tikar-people-of-cameroon.html