Tag Archives: Jesus

Ham & Shem Egyptians Hebrews & Arabs in The land of the blacks Bilad al Sudan

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In this post I am going to examine the descendants of Shem and Ham according to the Bible. I will be exploring oral accounts and scientific and visual evidence of who they were and where they lived also. This post will also explore the modern descendants and what they might look like now and the theories surrounding them.

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Through researching where the ancestors of West African slaves come from I found that many of the tribes share an oral history passed down and even have copies of the Torah or Hebrew Bible that they state they brought from Israel. Some dispute this and it is quite possible that some Africans did move to Israel and then back to Africa. Other tribes as they are proclaiming could have always been in Africa from the beginning.

I don’t know about you, but when I think of black people and who they descend from I think of Ham.  This is an opinion that has been slowly fed to the population over years. We descend from Ham and Ham was cursed however there are some of the opinion that this was fabricated to justify slavery. The entire Nation of Ham was not cursed and only the biblical figure Canaan was technically cursed and if you actually check the bible you will see the error in this conception.


King James Bible
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.

The curses that would befall Israel if they did not follow the most high on the other hand were

According to Jeremiah 17:4 the children of Israel would be discontinued from their heritage (language, culture, possessions etc…), which would leave room for the question, “Since the children of Israel were discontinued from their heritage, how would they know who they are; and how do we know they exist?”

According to the Hebrew Scriptures the children of Israel are cursed by the sins of their fathers (Matthew 27:24-25) and scattered among all nations until the fullness of the Gentiles (None Israelites) comes (see Romans 11:25, Luke 21:24).

Deuteronomy 28:46 – And they (the curses) shall be upon thee for a sign and a wonder and upon thy seed (children) forever.

This shows us that these curses written in the Scriptures would identify who the children of Israel are because there would be no other way to identify them. 

deut 28:16 Cursed shall you be in the city and cursed shall you be in the field. 

http://webdesign97.tripod.com/hebrewisraelafricanrootsinformationsite/id18.html

“And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” – Luke 21:24

African history has been white washed and although in this society we state that colour doesn’t matter there continues to be a white washing of history. There has been an attempt to destroy and play down the significance of the African and Asian race in contributing to history. Examples slightly off point before we get into this post,  include the removal of the nose on African statues to try to make their race unidentifiable.

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There has been a visual misinterpretation of biblical figures such as promoting a white Jesus.

 

 

Yet the Pope and many parts of Europe pray to a black Madonna Mary and Jesus.

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Jesus black!! watch this short clip https://youtu.be/IwL4CGf7PDU

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Watch a reconstruction of Adam below

 https://youtu.be/qOgzEj6dR8c

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Artaxerxes III, predecessor of Darius III, from his Tomb at Persepolis

Detail from Darius III's palace

Detail from Darius III's palace

The Persians & Asyrians took the Hebrews into captivity and they went into exile.

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ELAM   עֵילָם   m   Biblical
Possibly means either “hidden” or “eternity” in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.

https://www.behindthename.com/names/usage/biblical

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People of The Arabian Peninsula below

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What would be a lookalike to this image below, now??

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How about these descendants?

 

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These tribes are found in Arabia and Asia

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Watch the link below of the Egyptian man forced to classify as white

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MOYD0yb6P0

 

 

East African DNA

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Click link below to read full post and then press the back button. Or see the below list.

Ham: The Origin of Black Africans and Black Arabs In The Bible

 

From the above link blacks in the Bible

Ham’s Sons (Genesis 10:6)

  1. Cush (Sudan)
  2. Mizraim (Egypt)
  3. Phut (Libya)
  4. Canaan (Israel)

Ham’s Grandsons Through Cush

  1. Seba
  2. Havilah
  3. Sabtah
  4. Raamah
  5. Sabtecha
  6. Nimrod

Ham’s Grandsons Through Mizraim

  1. Ludim
  2. Anamim
  3. Lehabim
  4. Naphtuhim
  5. Pathrusim
  6. Casluhim
  7. Caphtorim

Ham’s Grandsons Through Canaan

  1. Sidon
  2. Heth
  3. Jebusite
  4. Amorite
  5. Girgasite
  6. Hivite
  7. Arkite
  8. Sinite
  9. Arvadite
  10. Zemarite
  11. Hamathite

Interestingly, the sons of Phut are not mentioned, but we know that they existed because Phut’s lineage is mentioned in general several times in scripture.

http://www.blackhistoryinthebible.com/the-hamites/ham-the-father-of-africans/

this post will be exploring the descendants of Ham and Shem highlighting how they mixed to create the Afro Asiatic Africa and Middle East that we know of today.

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Firstly we know that Ham Shem and Japheth were brothers and Noah was their father and everyone in the world descends from this family according to the Bible. Therefore as scientists have proven we descend from a common ancestor.

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Multiple Trajectories of Islam in Africa Islam had already spread into northern Africa by the mid-seventh century A.D., only a few decades after the prophet Muhammad moved with his followers from Mecca to Medina on the neighboring Arabian Peninsula (622 A.D./1 A.H.). Arab conquest of Spain and the push of Arab armies as far as the Indus River culminated in an empire that stretched over three continents, a mere hundred years after the Prophet’s death. Between the eighth and ninth centuries, Arab traders and travelers, then African clerics, began to spread the religion along the eastern coast of Africa and to the western and central Sudan (literally, “Land of Black people”), stimulating the development of urban communities. Given its negotiated, practical approach to different cultural situations, it is perhaps more appropriate to consider Islam in Africa in terms of its multiple histories rather then as a unified movement.The first converts were the Sudanese merchants, followed by a few rulers and courtiers (Ghana in the eleventh century and Mali in the thirteenth century). The masses of rural peasants, however, remained little touched. In the eleventh century, the Almoravid intervention, led by a group of Berber nomads who were strict observers of Islamic law, gave the conversion process a new momentum in the Ghana empire and beyond. The spread of Islam throughout the African continent was neither simultaneous nor uniform, but followed a gradual and adaptive path. However, the only written documents at our disposal for the period under consideration derive from Arab sources (see, for instance, accounts by geographers al-Bakri and Ibn Battuta).

Islamic Influence on African Societies
Islamic political and aesthetic influences on African societies remain difficult to assess. In some capital cities, such as Ghana and Gao, the presence of Muslim merchants resulted in the establishment of mosques. The Malian king Mansa Musa (r. 1312–37) brought back from a pilgrimage to Mecca the architect al-Sahili, who is often credited with the creation of the Sudano-Sahelian building style. Musa’s brother, Mansa Sulaiman, followed his path and encouraged the building of mosques, as well as the development of Islamic learning. Islam brought to Africa the art of writing and new techniques of weighting. The city of Timbuktu, for instance, flourished as a commercial and intellectual center, seemingly undisturbed by various upheavals. Timbuktu began as a Tuareg settlement, was soon integrated into the Mali empire, then was reclaimed by the Tuareg, and finally incorporated into the Songhai empire. In the sixteenth century, the majority of Muslim scholars in Timbuktu were of Sudanese origin. On the continent’s eastern coast, Arabic vocabulary was absorbed into the Bantu languages to form the Swahili language. On the other hand, in many cases conversion for sub-Saharan Africans was probably a way to protect themselves against being sold into slavery, a flourishing trade between Lake Chad and the Mediterranean. For their rulers, who were not active proselytizers, conversion remained somewhat formal, a gesture perhaps aimed at gaining political support from the Arabs and facilitating commercial relationships. The strongest resistance to Islam seems to have emanated from the Mossi and the Bamana, with the development of the Ségou kingdom. Eventually, sub-Saharan Africans developed their own brand of Islam, often referred to as “African Islam,” with specific brotherhoods and practices.

https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tsis/hd_tsis.htm

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There is a lot of information out there regarding the Kingdom of Kush which the Bible states was the boundary of Noah’s son through Ham. The Kingdom of Kush stretched to Egypt Ethiopia and Sudan and some suggest through to Arabia and further East.

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On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,

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Mizraim A son of Ham, and father of various African races, Genesis 10:6, but particularly of the Egyptians, to whom his name was given. Mizraim is also the Hebrew word for Egypt in the Bible, and this country is still called Misr in Arabic.

http://biblehub.com/topical/m/mizraim.htm

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nounplural Negroes.

1.

Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) a member of the peoples traditionally classified   as the Negrorace, especially those who originate in sub-Saharan Africa.

 

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noun: Semite; plural noun: Semites 

  1. a member of any of the peoples who speak or spoke a Semitic language, including in particular the Jews and Arabs.
From modern Latin Semita, via late Latin from Greek Sēm ‘Shem’, son of Noah in the Bible, from whom these peoples were traditionally supposed to be descended.

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Strong’s Concordance
Eber: “region beyond,” a descendant of Shem, also the name of several Israelites

Original Word: עֵ֫בֶר

INT: and Shelah the father of Eber

 

People called Eber in the bible Noun: 

A Gadite chief 1 Chronicles 5:13ᵐ5 Ωβηδᵐ5LΕβερ.

 Benjamite names: a. 1 Chronicles 8:12ᵐ5 Ωβηδᵐ5L Αβερ.

b. 1 Chronicles 8:22 (עֵבֶר van d. H. Ginsb; עֶבֶד Baer),ᵐ5 Ωβδη, A Ωβηδᵐ5L Αβερ.

4 a priest Nehemiah 12:20 ᵐ5L Αβεδ.

So from this we can see that Eber related to Benjamin and Gad and Nehemiah. All of the “Negroes” we learnt according to the bible were not from Ham in the sense of starting a lineage. Eber became the progenitor of the original Jews and Arabs. The Semites.  The Jews or Yudahians came from Joktar Peleg and Eber.

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The path some of the Hebrews took from Jerusalem to West Africa the tribes Ashanti Yoruba  mentioned below in what looks like the Songhai empire area.

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The Jamaican Akan Root

You are Judah! your Root is Akan

Ours is the story of the scriptures.

The prophecies of the Bible accurately describes the series of migrations of the Hebrew Israelites throughout the continent of Africa, especially to West Africa, where the infamous trans-Atlantic slave trade took place. Many of the tribes of West Africa, such as the Ashanti, Fulani, Akan, Yoruba , etc., have oral histories stating that they are descendants of the nation of Israel, and their cultural practices are exactly the same as described in the bible. Therefore, many of the Africans captured and transported to America and throughout the western hemisphere were Hebrew Israelites. History and prophecy validates the claim of many African-Americans that they are actual descendants of the so-called lost tribes of Israel. The Prophecies and Historical Evidence of the Migration of the Scattered Tribes of Israel in Africa

The recent discovery of the Israelite tribe in South Africa named the ‘LEMBA’ tribe, has sparked renewed interest in this subject. If we read and discern the ‘biblical prophecies’ that describe the ‘scattering’ (diaspora)’ of the nation of Israel (the Hebrew Israelites), we will discover that GOD (YAHWEH) has fulfilled his promise to ‘scatter his people Israel throughout ‘ALL’ nations and countries’ and among ‘all tribes,’ especially throughout the continent of Africa.

“And the LORD shall ‘scatter’ (disperse) you among ‘all people’ (tribes), from the one end of the earth even unto the other.” Deuteronomy 28:64.

Read the full article at the link below

https://www.modernghana.com/news/609011/the-jamaican-akan-root.html

 

The African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem are comprised of approximately 2,000 men, women and children residing in three development towns – – Dimona, Arad and Mitzpe Ramon – – in southern Israel. We maintain a vibrant culture which includes a communal lifestyle, a vegan diet, a system of preventive health care and high moral standards – – a holistic approach to life based on righteousness. Our intent is to live according to the laws and prophecies of God.

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As a direct result of their disobedience to the laws and commandments of God, the ancient Hebrew Israelites were held captive by various nations including the Egyptians, Assyrians and Babylonians. In 70 C.E. the remnants of The African Hebrew Israelites were driven from Jerusalem by the Romans into different parts of the world, including Africa. Many Hebrew Israelites migrated to West Africa where they, once again, were carried away captive – this time by Europeans on slave ships – to the Americas along with other African tribes people.

In 1966 our spiritual leader, Ben Ammi, had a vision that it was time for the Children of Israel who remained in America (the land of their captivity) to return to the Holy Land (the land of their origin).

In 1967, after almost two thousand years in the Diaspora, four hundred Hebrew Israelites were inspired by the spirit of God to make an exodus from America. According to plan, they settled in Liberia’s interior to purge themselves of the negative attributes they had acquired in the captivity. After spending a two-and-one-half year period in Liberia, The African Hebrew Israelites were prepared to make the last portion of their journey home, returning to Israel in 1969.

http://africanhebrewisraelitesofjerusalem.com/?page_id=2

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(Nehemiah Chap. 1) Aramaic to English Old Testament

5 And said, I beseech thee, O LORD God of heaven, the great and terrible God, that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him and observe his commandments:

6 Let thine ear now be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, which I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father’s house have sinned.

7 We have dealt very corruptly against thee, and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments, which thou commandedst thy servant Moses.

8 Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses, saying, [If] ye transgress, I will scatter you abroad among the nations:

9 But [if] ye turn unto me, and keep my commandments, and do them; though there were of you cast out unto the uttermost part of the heaven, [yet] will I gather them from thence, and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen to set my name there.

 

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Understanding The Good News: The Eve’s Erhverhs

And it shall come to pass in that day, that Yahweh shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, from lower Egypt, and from upper Egypt, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

Isaiah 11:11-12

The Eve’s Erhverhs is one of the titles given to the Ewe people spread across West Africa. Ethnic groups such as the Ewe of Ghana and Togo, the Ga-Dangme of Ghana and the Yoruba of Nigeria are a part of what scholars call Eve’s Erhverh’s. The ancestors of these groups migrated from Israel after the destruction of the first and second temples and due to other wars and tragedy’s. Sadly, after centuries of living a relatively peaceful life in West Africa they were captured and shipped in the millions to the “new world” in the trans-Atlantic slave trade.

https://eslkevin.wordpress.com/2017/08/23/understanding-the-good-news-the-eves-erhverhs/

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The Definition of Niger

In Spanish, we find another more familiar word that also has the same meaning:

  • Negro: Mid 16th century: via Spanish and Portuguese from Latin niger, nigr- black. – Oxford Dictionary

Spanish is a Latin based language, and Latin was spoken by the Roman conquerors that the Hebrews referred to as Gentiles (Matthew 20:19). The early uses of the word niger and later negro, were not racist, but were more descriptive of skin color. When slaves were brought to the Americas, the descriptive terms were later turned into racial slurs meant to degrade slaves and their descendants.

Simeon – He was surnamed Niger, pronounced “nee-jer”, which means “black skin” in Latin.

Saul – Later renamed Paul, he was from the tribe of Benjamin, and was mistaken for an Egyptian (Acts 21:38).

http://www.blackhistoryinthebible.com/hidden-history/from-niger-to-nigger-simeon-and-the-other-black-apostles/

 

Biafra

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It is a Nation. The word Biafra is coind from two IGBO WORDS ‘bia’ which means COME and ‘fara’ which means LIVE. The people are part of the AFAR ethnic group in the horn of Africa, although CHRISTIANS. They are also from NRI KINGDOM and part of the LOST TRIBE OF ISRAEL.They were amalgameted to be part of Nigeria in 1914 by the British government led by Frederick Lugard. The people of Biafra do not see themselves as NIGERIANS. Between 6 July 1967 and 15 January 1970, about 3.5 million Biafrans were killed in a genocide war led by the British and the Nigerian government when they seceded from Nigeria.They lost the war and were once more integrated into Nigeria.They own the eastern and southern part of Nigeria. They are still seeking for their freedom Independence from Nigeria. The nationality is Biafran.

https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Biafra

Below maps show Deserts of Seth in Biafra, Kingdom of Judah and Euphrates river
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A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth
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The film, titled “Black Jews, Juifs noir en Afrique,” focuses on a dozen African tribes – in Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroon and other countries – each with a Jewish story. Some claim to be descendants of the Bible’s 10 Lost Tribes. Others believe that their ancestors were Jews who emigrated from Judea to Yemen looking for gold.

Rabbinical authorities have not accepted any of the groups as Jewish under halakhah, Jewish law, although all the tribes strive to be recognized as such at some level or another.

Edith Bruder, who has been studying these Jewish groups for more than a decade and wrote the book “The black Jews of Africa, history, identity, religion,” turned to Gavron for the film, which is expected to be released in the coming months.

“In sub-Saharan Africa, you can find ‘Judaic’ tribes in Ghana, Nigeria, Mali, Uganda, Cameroon, South Africa, Zimbabwe and even in Sao Tome and other countries. There are many of them,” Bruder said. “It is really a vast subject.”

The two women are documenting Sabbath celebrations in remote African villages, Ghanaian Jews practicing circumcision and Jewish-African traditional marriage ceremonies. They have even been deep into the forests filming black Jews preparing their “kosher” meals – in their own tradition, the way the Torah explains it simply – not mixing the meat of the veal with its mother’s cow milk.

read more: https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/features/tracing-the-lost-tribes-to-jewish-communities-in-africa-1.458224

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Ramses II

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Haile selassie descendant of King Solomon and Queen Sheba and Menelik below.

 

 

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Ethiopia [N] [E] [H]

(burnt faces). The country which the Greeks and Romans described as “AEthiopia” and the Hebrews as “Cush” lay to the south of Egypt, and embraced, in its most extended sense, the modern Nubia, Sennaar, Kordofan and northern Abyssinia , and in its more definite sense the kingdom of Meroe. ( Ezekiel 29:10 ) The Hebrews do not appear to have had much practical acquaintance with Ethiopia itself, though the Ethiopians were well known to them through their intercourse with Egypt. The inhabitants of Ethiopia were a Hamitic race. ( Genesis 10:6 ) They were divided into various tribes, of which the Sabeans were the most powerful. The history of Ethiopia is closely interwoven with that of Egypt. The two countries were not unfrequently united under the rule of the same sovereign. Shortly before our Saviours birth a native dynasty of females, holding the official title of Candace (Plin. vi. 35), held sway in Ethiopia, and even resisted the advance of the Roman arms. One of these is the queen noticed in ( Acts 8:27 )

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Modern discoveries prove their close racial and linguistic connection with Southern Arabia and particularly with the kingdom of Sheba (the Sabeans), that most powerful people whose extensive architectural and literary remains have recently come to light. The Sabean inscriptions found in Abyssinia go back some 2,600 years and give a new value to the Bible references as well as to the constant claim of Josephus that the queen of Sheba was a “queen of Ethiopia.” The Falashas are a Jewish community living near Lake Tsana, of the same physical type and probably of the same race as other Abyssinians. Their religion is a “pure Mosaism” based upon the Ethiopic version of the Pentateuch, but modified by the fact that they are ignorant of the Hebrew language (Jewish Encyclopedia). It is uncertain when they became Jews. The older scholars thought of them as dating back to the Solomonic era, or at least to the Babylonian captivity. Since the researches of Joseph Halevy (1868), some date within the Christian era has seemed preferable, notwithstanding their ignorance of Talmudic rules. However, the newly discovered fact that a strong Jewish community was flourishing at Syene in the 6th century BC makes it clear that Jewish influence may have been felt in Ethiopia at least that early. Although Abyssinians are noted for their strict adherence to ancient custom, Jewish characteristics are prominent all over the entire country. The opening formula of the king in every official letter–“The Lion of the Tribe of Judah has Conquered!”–is no more Jewish than scores of ordinary phrases and customs. Although it is barely possible that some rites, like circumcision and observance of the Sabbath, may have been received from the ancient Egyptians or Christian Coptics (The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Encyclopedia) yet a strong Hebrew influence cannot be denied. All travelers speak of the “industry” of the Falashas and of the “kindliness and grave courtesy” of the Abyssinians. Besides those named above there are many communities of mixed races in Ethiopia, but the ancient basis is invariably Negro, Semitic or Egyptian

https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/ethiopia/

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Semitic 
sɪˈmɪtɪk/
adjective
  1. 1.
    relating to or denoting a family of languages that includes Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic and certain ancient languages such as Phoenician and Akkadian, constituting the main subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic family.
  2. 2.
    relating to the peoples who speak Semitic languages, especially Hebrew and Arabic.

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Shem and Ham have been mixing for centuries and sharing and debating and fighting over scriptures and land.

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Ishmael the Shemite and Egyptian

(28) Concerning Kedar . . .–The name belonged to a tribe of the Bedouin type, descended from Ishmael (Genesis 25:13), and at this time conspicuous as supplying the markets of Tyre with sheep and goats (Ezekiel 27:21). In PP. 120:5 it appears as the representative of the fierce nomadic life of the Arabians. Hazor appears as the name of many cities in Palestine (Joshua 11:1Joshua 15:23;Joshua 19:36), but the combination with Kedar points to quite a different region. The probable explanation is that Jeremiah uses the term (as a like word, haz?rein, is used in Isaiah 42:11 for the “villages” of Kedar) for the region in which the Kedar Arabs had ceased to be nomadic, and had made a permanent settlement. According to Niebuhr (Assur u. Bab., p. 210) it answers to the modern Hadschar in the angle formed by the southern course of the Euphrates and the Persian Gulf.

 

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Genesis 17:20

And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

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Genesis 17:23

And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

Genesis 17:25

And Ishmael his son [was] thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Genesis 17:26

In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

Genesis 25:12

Now these [are] the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s handmaid, bare unto Abraham:

Genesis 25:13

And these [are] the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam

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Genesis 25:17

And these [are] the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.

Genesis 28:9

Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife.

Chronicles-1 1:29

These [are] their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,

Chronicles-1 1:31

Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.

Chronicles-1 8:38

And Azel had six sons, whose names [are] these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these [were] the sons of Azel.

Chronicles-1 9:44

And Azel had six sons, whose names [are] these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these [were] the sons of Azel.

Chronicles-2 19:11

And, behold, Amariah the chief priest [is] over you in all matters of the LORD; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king’s matters: also the Levites [shall be] officers before you. Deal courageously, and the LORD shall be with the good.

Chronicles-2 23:1

And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

Ezra 10:22

And of the sons of Pashur; Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethaneel, Jozabad, and Elasah.

Jeremiah 40:8

Then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.

Jeremiah 40:14

And said unto him, Dost thou certainly know that Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to slay thee? But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed them not.

Jeremiah 40:15

Then Johanan the son of Kareah spake to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly, saying, Let me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and no man shall know [it]: wherefore should he slay thee, that all the Jews which are gathered unto thee should be scattered, and the remnant in Judah perish?

Jeremiah 40:16

But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said unto Johanan the son of Kareah, Thou shalt not do this thing: for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.

Jeremiah 41:1

Now it came to pass in the seventh month, [that] Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.

Jeremiah 41:2

Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan over the land.

Jeremiah 41:3

Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, [even] with Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there, [and] the men of war.

Jeremiah 41:6

And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, weeping all along as he went: and it came to pass, as he met them, he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam.

Jeremiah 41:7

And it was [so], when they came into the midst of the city, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah slew them, [and cast them] into the midst of the pit, he, and the men that [were] with him.

Jeremiah 41:8

But ten men were found among them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and slew them not among their brethren.

Jeremiah 41:9

Now the pit wherein Ishmael had cast all the dead bodies of the men, whom he had slain because of Gedaliah, [was] it which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasha king of Israel: [and] Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with [them that were] slain.

Jeremiah 41:10

Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that [were] in Mizpah, [even] the king’s daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the Ammonites.

Jeremiah 41:13

Now it came to pass, [that] when all the people which [were] with Ishmael saw Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that [were] with him, then they were glad.

Jeremiah 41:14

So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Johanan the son of Kareah.

Jeremiah 41:15

But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites.

Jeremiah 41:16

Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that [were] with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after [that] he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, [even] mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon:

Jeremiah 41:18

Because of the Chaldeans: for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon made governor in the land.

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arabs

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Family tree of Abraham 2

Extract from rastalivewire Prophet Mohammed the Black Arab

http://www.africaresource.com/rasta/sesostris-the-great-the-egyptian-hercules/the-original-black-arabs-of-arabia-part-4-the-black-stone-the-black-tribe-of-koreysh-black-prophet-mohammed/

Mohammed himself, who was to unite the whole of Arabia, thus appears to have had a prominent African-Kushitic lineage. According to al-Jahiz a renowned Black Arab writer and philosopher of Ethiopian origin who had lived in Baghdad, “…the guardian of the sacred Kaaba–Abd al-Muttalib, “fathered ten Lords, Black as the night and magnificent.” One of these men was Abdallah, the father of Muhammad.

JA Rogers, one of the most pre-eminent of Black African historians had the following to say of Muhammad(pbuh):

“Mohamet, himself, was to all accounts a Negro. A contemporary of his describes him as “large mouthed,” and “bluish-colored, with hair that was neither straight nor curly…Mohamet’s mother was also African. His grandfather, Abd el Motalib, is spoken of as being “very dark.”…A Negroid strain, more or less predominant, ran through the whole. As Keane says, “All who accepted the Koran became merged with the conquerors in a common Negroid population.”

Diop in “Orgin of Civillization” stated forthrightly that:

“….the entire arab people, including the Prophet [Muhammad(pbuh)] is mixed with Negro blood. All educated Arabs are conscious of that fact.”

Ethiopia and the Black Muslim Arabs

In the 5th and 6th century, the pre-eminece of Ethiopia was still putative in the Arabia and surrounding regions. As such, Mecca was teeming with millions of Black Cushitic Arabian and Ethiopian scientists, engineers, soilders, philosophers, writers, social revolutionaries. Besides the probable Ethiopian origins of Muhammed, Islam was deeply associated with Ethiopia, and was overwhelmingly influenced by Ethiopia in terms of the formation of its basic tenets, the elaboration of its doctrine and the development of its philosophy. According to tradition, the first Muslim killed in battle was Mihdja–a Kushitic Black Arab. Another Black Arab that greatly influenced Islam was Bilal, probably of Ethiopian-Yemenite extraction, who was such a pivotal figure in the development of Islam that he has been referred to as “a third of the faith.

” Many of the earliest Muslim converts were original descendants of the ancient Black Arabs,or they were African soliders, administrators, scientist that stayed over from the 70,000 man Ethiopian army that ruled Yemen in these times. In fact, the very survival of the Islamic faith in its most susceptible periodwas due tothe intervention of the Ethiopian King of Axum, who saved the earliest followers of Muhammed seeking refuge in Ethiopia from persecution in Arabia. They were given safety, succor and further education and instruction by the Priests of Ethiopia.

These early teachings underlaid the elaboration and further development of Islamic thought and they remain fundamental in Islamic teachings of today. It is therefore no wonder that Muhammed had instructed his followers to always be kind and considerate to the Ethiopians because they are a kindred nation of great righteousness.

John G Jackson, another pillar of Black History stated in his book “The Story of The Moors In Spain” that:

“At the present time Arabia is inhabited by two distinct races, namely the descendents of the old Adite,Kushite, or Ethiopian race, known under various appellations, and dwelling cheify at the south, the east, and the central parts of the country, but formerly supreme throughout the whole peninsula; and the semitic Arabians—Mohamet’s(pbuh) race—found cheifly in the Hejaz and at the north. In some districts of the country, these races more or less mixed and since the rise of Mohametanism, the language of the Semites, known to us as Arabic, has almost wholly superceded the old Ethiopian or Kushite tongue….”

Taharqo

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I will be constantly updating this post so feel free to check back at a later date for added information and links.

Is Yeshua Hamashiach the proper Hebrew name/title for Jesus Christ?

Is Yeshua Hamashiach the proper Hebrew name/title for Jesus Christ? What is the correct Hebrew name and title for Jesus?

Click link below

Source: Is Yeshua Hamashiach the proper Hebrew name/title for Jesus Christ?

 

Personal comment: I will be researching the Aramaic and Hebrew names of the Mashiach and I AM THAT I AM

YAHUSHUA, YAHSHUA, YAHOSHUA

YAH, YHWH, YAHUAH

 

See also these links packed with information if you wish to study  the ancient Hebrew names.

http://www.truemessiah.co.za/

http://www.yahuah-yahusha.info/

http://www.yahuah-yahusha.info/sons-name.html

http://www.yahuah-yahusha.info/fathers-name.html

http://www.sabbathcovenant.com/newdoctrine/yeshua_yehoshua.htm

Jesus the name PDF

http://www.yahuahkingdom.com/uploads/8/3/6/9/8369443/jesus_the_name.pdf

http://glithehiddentruth.weebly.com/name-of-the-most-high–the-messiah.htmlhttp://glithehiddentruth.weebly.com/name-of-the-most-high–the-messiah.html

 

MA’AT (Truth and Justice), The Spirituality of the African race.   The Bible is a creation of man.

 3 January 2013 | Feature Article
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Except for the Africans, every race or tribe in the world has its own spirituality and religions. The Jews have kabbalism, Indians Hinduism and Buddhism, Chinese Confucianism, Caucasians Christianity with their own son as the son of God; Arabs Islam with their son as Allah’s messenger. Africans are the only race in the world besotted to their masters’ Gods and yet Africans invented spirituality and religions. This document is a very important one and is for your own good. As a book, it would cost you money to acquire but we are sending it to you free of charge. Do not abuse the gesture, treat the document with respect. If you cannot read all of the document at once because of time constrains, file it to read later to arm yourself well for the future. Every African receiving documents from me is free to post them on their timeline and send copies to everyone they can reach via e-mails, through blogs, other internet groups, sites or newspapers to publish as a means of informing every African alive and mobilizing us into one family.

African ancestors created spirituality and religion with the launch of the Mystery system, 6,112 years ago. They created over 2000 Gods and Goddesses, the first such in the world, with twelve principal deities that included God Ausar, Goddess Auset, Goddess Ma’at and God Heru, the later being the first human Son of God in history. Ethiopians known as Chaldeans, after colonizing what later became Mesopotamia 6,012 years ago, fashioned the Persian religion from the Mystery System. The religion passed through several phases including Albigensianism as its last relic before resurfacing as Zoroastrianism about 2500 years ago. Ethiopians known now in India as the Dravidians, invaded India between 3250 and 2750 BCE, to establish a civilization in the Indus Valley (see Pears Cyclopaedia, Pelham Books), and give India, Hinduism, which combines elements of their beliefs: the caste system, circumcision, magic, witchcraft, with the influence of the Osirian Mystery System. Hindus are polytheists who worshipped a number of nature-gods, including the cow.

Moses, a Nubian and the incestuous child of Pharaoh Seti I and his daughter, Bathia, adopted Akhnatons’ monotheistic version of the Mystery System to give the Hebrews Kabbalah as they migrated in 1230 BCE, after 400 years sojourn in Egypt, in search of their ‘Promised’ land. Prince Siddhartha Gautama, known as Buddha, a Dravidian, was born around 563 BCE among the Sakya people in Kapilavatthu now Lumini in the lowland Terai region of Nepal, dominated then by the Dravidian (Ethiopian) population. His features, including his thick lips, confirm his Dravidian origin. He gave India Buddhism.

Master K’ung or K’ung-fu-tzu (Latinized as Confucius) was Black. He was born around 551 BCE in the feudal state of Lu, in today’s Shantung province of China. He was trying to improve his people’s way of life by reforming their feudal leadership. He preached that destiny was the synonym of Nature and that Nature decides ones class in life. Prayer is unhelpful in this regard but destiny once received could willfully be prevailed upon for wider choices. He discouraged (witchcraft human sacrifice), prevalent in China at the time and advocated that spirits could be respected but kept at a distance because: “If you cannot serve man, how do you know to serve spirits.” He gave China, Confucianism.

Council of Nicaea (325 CE) created the Jesus Christ phantom. Dr. Martyn Percy, the famous canon expert once wrote and I quote: “The Bible did not arrive by fax from heaven.” The Bible is a creation of man. Man, not God, writes history, and history is always from the perspective of the conqueror, not the conquered. It is the elite, the most powerful in society, that defines the society’s reality, and that is exactly what Constantine did after subduing African influence in the world. In Emperor Constantine’s days, the official Roman religion was Sun worship, (i.e. the African Egyptian cult of Sol Invictus or the Invincible Sun). They called it the Jovian Mystery System and Constantine was the Chief priest.

During the reign of Constantine, and over three hundred years after the alleged crucifixion of Jesus, the Christian population had grown to the extent of posing serious threat to the unity of Rome. The Christians were constantly warring with the Pagans and threatening to tear Rome apart. Constantine, a smart opportunist, decided to tinker with both religions to create a monster one. Constantine converted his Sun God worshippers to Christianity by creating an amalgam, a hybrid, a fusion of ‘Pagan’s’ symbols, dates, rituals, and ideas, into the growing Pagan-Christian traditions of the time, to produce something that compromised and overwhelmed both parties. Constantine produced a sacred entity outside the scope of the human world whose power was therefore unchallengeable by mere mortals, and called it the Roman Catholic Church. To do this, he conveyed his 325 CE Council of Nicaea that produced the Nicaea creed.

The problem at the time, was whether Auset, (who was the Virgin Birth Mother in the ancient African Mystery System, imbibed by the Jovian Mystery, which was being adapted by the Church Bishops, should continue to take precedence over her son Heru, as in the ancient African myth). In the end, God Ausar, (re-named Yahweh), retained his double roles as the Holy Ghost (misunderstood by Christians as the universal ‘Spirit’), and as the human ‘God the Father’ in the African Mysteries, 4,425 years earlier, (who became the Christian Ghost Impregnator), of Mother Auset, re-named Mary, with Auset’s Virgin Son, Heru, (renamed Jesus).

In other words, “Holy” and “Virgin Birth,” were transferred to Jesus and Mary, from Heru and Auset. Jesus became born in Bethlehem and acquired higher rank than his contrived mother. He was supposed to be her first child and to have been miraculously conceived. His foster-father was given the name Joseph, and the carpentry profession, to appeal to humility. The name ‘Christ,’ came from the Greek translation of Christos (meaning anointed), taken from the Hebrew title of Messiah. The Bishops at the Nicaea Council in 325 CE, decided that Jesus, who was supposed to have been baptized as, and called Emmanuel before the Conference, was born in Bethlehem in Judea. All these were happening some 325 years after the purported death of Jesus.

Constantine called and chaired the 325 CE, Nicaea Council, which had 219 Bishops in attendance. Many Bishops turned down Constantine’s invitation to the conference. All the issues raised at the Nicaea Council were debated and voted for, including the role of Bishops, the administration of sacraments, and the divinity of Jesus. The Bishops had several sittings at the Council to perfect their strategy in the guise of separating truth from heresy. The story of how Bishop Arius was commanded by the Bishop of Alexandria to quit his beliefs or be declared a heretic, and how Arius’ writing were ordered destroyed, is eloquent of many things that happened when the Christian religion was being formulated. Bishop Arius was beheaded for saying Christ is not God. Read the lost books of the Bible.

There is nothing divine about the Bible. Humans put it together under vicious acrimonious human circumstances. The Christo in you, as preached by Paul, was the Christian emphasis until the Nicaea Council in 325 CE. Christo was not supposed to be an historical person. The vote to make Jesus (Christo), Christ, divine, human/spirit, and the ‘only Son of God,’ was very dicey and close.

The following statement is taken verbatim from ‘The Encyclopaedia Britannica.’ “Constantine himself presided and actively guided the discussions. He personally proposed the crucial formula expressing the relation of Christ to God in the creed issued by the council as of one substance with the Father … .Overawed by the emperor, the bishops, with two exceptions only, signed the creed, many of them much against their inclination…….”

This is the most important creed in Christendom. It was proposed by the Emperor, to the consternation of many of the bishops in attendance. But out of fear not to offend the Emperor, all but two of the Bishops signed the creed. Today, the Church claims that Jesus is some special breed of God, and that the Bible is some divinely inspired document. Jesus’ divinity was critical because if the Pagan God Heru, was divine and the only ‘Son of God,’ the new amalgam could not afford to be less so, as a means of unifying the two warring Roman groups, and the Roman Empire.

The Kushite (Ethiopian) kabala, soaked in magic and the knowledge of the stars, set the tone for the Islamic religion in Persia, 1000 years before Islam. The Persian (Sabaean) version revered the Venus-Sun-Moon and prayed to the sun at different phases of its course. They had no idols or images and no priesthood. They directed their prayers to the seven planets; had 30 days fasting as in Egypt; prayed seven times each day, with their faces turned towards the north, and the prayers taking place during the same phases daily. They believed in a future life and deified their dead ancestors. Zenzen, a sacred spring, Kaaba, a sacred stone, constructed by Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar (the Egyptian Black woman), the historical ancestors of all Arabs and Muhammad, and pilgrimage to Mecca as in Moslem times, already existed over one thousand years before the birth of Muhammad in 570 CE. Abdulai Kabiru, known worldwide as Prophet Muhammad, adopted the Kushian religion and reduced the prayers in Islam to compulsory five, to relieve humanity, making the other two prayers optional.

Religion is perhaps the most potent binding force possible. In fact, there is no other binding force as potent and total. It encompasses a people’s outlook, traditions, culture and philosophy of life. The food we eat and how we prepare it, our manner of dressing, the names we bear, the way we speak or rear our children and our attitudes to life generally are controlled by our spiritually influenced cultures and traditions. But because of public persecution and the mental and psychological damage we have suffered as a result of slavery and colonialism, we are ashamed to flaunt what is ours. We hide our native essence behind the ‘popular’ alien ones.

Every conquering religion claims superiority over those before it and that life began with its advent. Without destroying what is on the ground there is no space for the new religion to begin to breathe and expand. After 2,000 years of Christianity and 1,500 years of Islam, they remain the minority religions of the world compared with their older spiritual movements in Asia and China. Christianity and Islam draw a significant chunk of their membership from conquered people, especially from Blacks. So, they are religions of coercion rather than of freewill, and that makes them even less spiritual.

We as a group are the most bastardized of people on earth by foreign religions and ideas. Our masters’ baby religions take away our human essence, values and worth, by insisting that our native attributes are evil, primitive, and irrelevant. If we marry in our traditional way, it is barbaric and uncivilized. Our burial rites are savage and ungodly. Our history began with our enslavement and colonization, and our IQ is lower than that of the Chimpanzee. So we openly throw away our African traditions to aspire to the benefits of our masters’ ‘superior’ ways of life. We bleach, hot-comb our hair, answer our oppressors’ names, and aspire to speak, think, and dress like them. Now we are neither White nor Black. If anything, we are half Arab or White and half Black, and we are confused because we cannot progress as a people until we decide who we want to be. And if we choose to become fully Arab or Caucasian, are we acceptable to them? We cannot pull ourselves out of our pains through foreign religions that disrespect our humanity, contributions, and largely treat us as lower than wild animals. To move up, we must demolish what is holding us down. That is why the truth about spirituality is being exposed now and through Africa, the cradle from where life, spirituality and religions began.

For every race or group of people, there must be a guide, a spiritual rallying point, a centre of gravity that holds its children together before it can begin to impact on civilization. We as a people desperately need a common spirituality, a code of ethics and discipline. Unfortunately, our ancestors’ belief systems were usurped, doctored, and cannibalized by other racial groups to suppress and enslave us en-mass. We must re-claim and re-Africanize our long lost, or hidden from us spiritual body of ideas, to suit our purpose and empower and fruitfully propel our collective dreams.

African people must gradually lead the world back to its original glorious path of virtuous civilization terminated abruptly some three thousand five hundred years ago by Yahweh, and two thousand years ago by the West taking their cue from Yahweh. We must return to Ma’at. We must bring back the Ausarian (coined from Ausar) principle of world development, which is the original and ultimate form of civilization. This is democracy based on the tripod principles of African communalism, with Ma’at as the binding force. All African dominated governments of the world are to adopt the Ausarian concept of government. Political parties based on the Ausarian concepts are to be formed to take over their national governments from their current Setian (coined from Set or Seth or Satan), control. All Africans, must stop serving the usurping extraterrestrial deity that has declared war on them, and return to Ma’at for their salvation.

Within a sea of evil, an oasis of good can be created that can steadily grow in concentric circles to eventually and totally overwhelm the evil. The speed at which the concentric circles grow would depend on the dedication of members and the strength of their spirituality. It might make slow progress initially because of possible opposition from the oppressive status quo. It will eventually develop its own momentum and speed that cannot be reversed by anyone from within or without.

We are Africans and we are poised to take back our inheritance as human origin, to repair, guide and lead the world aright with Ma’at. Whether in Africa or the Diaspora, we are a special breed of people. Our ancestors created all the original religious myths that rule the world today. They pioneered civilization and we are proud of them all. The blood of Ausar, Auset, Imhotep, Chaka, Nzingha, Nehenda, Prempeh, Toure, Hannibal, L’overture, Truth, Douglas, Shadd, Tubman, Kuzwayo, Marcus Garvey, DuBois, Azikiwe, Nkrumah, Kenyatta, C.L.R. James, Padmore, Albertina, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X and Mandela runs in our veins.

Religions are deceit instruments through indoctrination for mass exploitation. Spirituality is individual spiritual relationship with the inner self and the universal mind. There is no deity or messiah to worship in spirituality and Ma’at is the mother of spirituality and the source from which all other spiritual veneer branched out in tribal directions: Buddhism, Confucianism. Spirituality nurtures gradually at peculiar one-on-one pace, because while we are all potential gods in our own rights, and masters of our individual fates, we each have responsibility for the well-being of others. Religions and faiths create dichotomy between ‘Gods’ and humans to foster the master or select elite syndrome, to numb followers, to raise a loyal tribe of mindless servants, useful as idiots.

Spirituality works for good and evil as with other sciences, but when used for good only, it is called Ma’at. That was what gave the world, Egypt and her scintillating civilization. Ma’at is the mother of universal spirituality; the most potent spirituality in the world; the highest level of science for humans; the ultimate cosmology; the repository of comprehensive knowledge of the cosmos, and therefore of humanity and creation. Ma’at is an open friendly cosmology, founded on respect for observable truth and logic. The deity of the supreme cosmology is justice, honesty and truth. Ma’at is preoccupied with truth, justice, scholarship and honesty. It is the microcosm of the best of the entire African spiritual firmament and its focus is science and verifiable logic. In other words, members worship intellect and scholarship.

We venerate the pursuit of knowledge and scholarship and we love all of humankind and nature. Because of our love of knowledge, we are the ultimate authority on the alchemic process that can transform our brains into the philosophers’ stone. Human brains are capable of much more than we think. It is an electrically powered and electricity-generating organ, composed of an estimated one hundred billion neurons. Each neuron produces and transmits electrical impulses which travel from the cell body down long fibers called axons to reach a junction, or synapse, with another neuron. At the junction point, the electrical impulses or the fire chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters, cross the synaptic gap to receptors on the next cell. Having received the message, that neuron then generates its own electrical impulse and sends it to other neurons to which it is connected.

Each neuron can be connected to thousands of other neurons, each simultaneously sending and receiving impulses to and from thousands of other neurons–so one neuron can electrically alter millions of other neurons. Studies have shown that ascension can happen in one of two ways, evolutionarily or spiritually. Ascension occurs when a human evolves the ability to use about ninety percent of his or her brain capacity. The ancients who ascended naturally reached this point without the aid of technology. They developed the DNA resequencer, a device capable of making humans so advanced that they could perform telepathy and telekinesis; use superhuman precognition and senses at phenomenal speed and strength; achieve perfect health, the gift to self-heal rapidly and the power to heal by touch; and the ability to use many parts of their mind to fully focus on something. Spiritual ascension can occur through meditation when one is pure of spirit and in the search for enlightenment and has a fully opened mind, and has shed one’s fears and attachment to the mortal world. In the process of ascension through meditation, many beings obtain the same supernatural abilities that users of the DNA resequencer receive.

Developing spiritually in Ma’at, is based on the principles of alchemy, which was created by our ancestors for the development of the human race. The spirit world is enveloped in electromagnetism that connects with our spirit doubles and other realities. Universal laws govern the realities, and man is capable of transcending all of them. That is what spiritual evolution is about. It is the knowledge of these subtle realities, and how to harness them for spiritual advancement based on Thoth’s laws, that ancient Africans chiseled into the fine art (that marries spirituality with science), used largely today by the Jews and some elite secret societies, and which has given us nanotechnology, such as the Internet.

Our ancestors taught that spiritual development or progress is possible in degrees through disciplined intellect, adoption of ethical principles and balance in one’s life. That one needs to allow disciplined subtle forces, to dominate ones physical essence. The secret knowledge the adepts taught, was about the mastery of these subtle forces progressively to achieve higher consciousness. Initiates, through purity of thoughts and actions, meditation, service to humanity, and spiritual discipline, became perfect in the act. Aggregate spiritual energy source then gradually, fully occupies their forms individually, for their astral journeys to their cosmic destination. There is therefore a clean spiritual-cum-scientific way to grow spiritually without getting involved in diabolical witchcraft. How to acquire the power of the spirits and the forces wholesomely and decently is one of the most highly guarded spiritual secrets in the world.

The system is called alchemy, and it was created by an African teacher described by ancient Africans as the “Thrice Greatest:” the greatest of all philosophers, the greatest of all priests, the greatest of all kings. His African names included: “Thoth,” “Tehuti,” and “Theuth.” The West knows him as “Hermes Trismegistus.” He was the world’s first “Adept” or “Master.” The system of alchemy is the only known way of genuine spiritual development, and is through the transmutation of the spirit. The Book of Thoth, written in hieroglyphic symbols, provides the key to the mysteries and how to acquire power of the spirits and other forces. Thoth, the father of alchemy, taught that everything (animal or vegetable), is composed of one common element or matter. That, the motivating principle or active agent of matter, in the evolutionary process, is spirit. That, this active agent or spirit, could be released to achieve transmutation. That transmutation or the ripening of matter is a common phenomenon to all things, leading ultimately to perfection of prime matter in all things, in unity with the kingdom and purpose of Tu-SoS. That, the ripening process, could be speeded up, through the imitation of nature in the laboratory. That when the perfect metal of nature is achieved, a perfect philosophic, (body), gold, or receptacle, is required to contain the released spirit. That this done, further transmutations are possible through the agency of the philosophic gold or the philosopher’s stone, and the rigorous imitation of nature.

Every living entity is composed of the four elements, (Fire, Water, Air, and Earth), in unison. Each element in turn consists of two qualities as follows: Fire (dryness and heat), Water (moistness and coldness), Air (heat and moistness), Earth (moistness and dryness). An element may change into another by substituting one quality for another. For example, if coldness is replaced with heat in water, it changes into air (vapour). In the same way, transmutation is possible in the human stone through images symbolic of death such as torturing, killing, separating etc. Prime matter is possible only by the reduction of each element to its essence and combined with other refined elements, to reach the chaotic state of original matter i.e., Genesis. This seed of things could then be treated in a warm vessel or womb of resurrection of what had been killed. By freeing and purifying one’s own spirit, a reciprocal event occurs in nature, but this could not be done without first creating the philosopher’s stone. This is the fifth element, which is the Prime matter of the world, the Fiat, the Word, the pneumatic Logos, the Spirit of Tu-SoS.

Tu-SoS and Man cannot be united except through a perfect medium of body. There are twelve stages in the alchemic work; each symbolized by a house of zodiac. Before embarking on the process, one must first bring order into his life. You must be a perfectly virtuous being, thinking no evil and doing no evil, to be able to achieve the benefits of the process. Nigredo symbolizes the death stage. This is the stage when matter being worked on is killed and when basic form is broken down to free the spirit contained in it. This usually is the most difficult aspect of the alchemist’s work. Alchemists describe this stage as a descent into hell, a period of great doubts when the subject could go mad and even also commit suicide. Very few people go beyond this stage and no one has a blue print on how to survive it. All anyone can hope for is to resort to prayers and leave everything to blind fate. This stage is symbolized by torture, amputation, dissolution, and calcinations, by burning waters, decapitation, wounding, flaying, drowning, starvation, separation, and grinding. To achieve all these, one must be separated completely from material comfort, be alone even in a crowd, helpless, hopeless, deprived, and starved silly.

The Albedo is often referred to as the dawn state. This is the stage when one is stepping out of the darkness of nigredo; a time of washing and cleansing of the impurities. The stage represents transition from base lead to silver and is often represented by a feminine figure such as the moon or nature. It is associated with the symbol of rebirth. While nigredo represents a moment of spiritual death, albedo represents a moment of baptism but the sun has not yet made an appearance. The Rubedo is the period of totally new awareness. This stage is marked by symbols of royalty and domination signaling the birth of the philosopher’s stone.

Alchemy, a divine art, has been laced with severe secrecy from day one. Thoth taught the art mainly to the sons of kings. Thoth’s alchemy produced the long stream of African leaders, seers and priests, who pioneered learning and civilization for mankind. The science is, in modern times, associated with magic, mysteries, astrology and chemistry. Francis Bacon believed in the philosopher’s stone, which could turn base matter into gold, and in an elixir of life, to give eternal youth. Modern researches into radioactivity confirm the possibility of transmutation of certain elements. To permanently conceal African contributions, the art was labeled Paganism by the elite who stole the science to use it to control the world. They have benefited immensely from it over the years; particularly through their elite Thoth inspired secret societies that now collectively dominate aspects of the original techniques. When the creators of the art play at it, the usurpers call them Pagans to discourage mass involvement, while secretly appropriating the secret to ensure their permanent stranglehold on the rest of humanity, and particularly the authors of the art.

All ancient African Gods, including Ammon, Tehuti, Ausar, Auset, Heru and others have been assigned a number of creative projects to supervise and nurture to success. One-week of every month for seven months ‘Festival of the Gods’ would take place annually in honour of the relevant African Gods at the Menephtheion, to bring together the leading artistes, scholars and entrepreneurs from around the world in the following disciplines:

Fashion/Cosmetics/Hairdressing and styles Painting/Sculpting/Crafts

Poetry/Writing
Film/Theatre/Video
Music
Dance/Comedy
Spiritual (incorporating the annual pilgrimage) 
The Menephtheion (meaning): the mind and heart of the African world, co-ordinates the thinking, focus and actions of the entire African race. The Menephtheion is the international headquarters of the Pan African Movement and the spiritual heartbeat of the African race. The Menephtheion, in fact, is to the African world, what the Vatican is to the Roman Catholic Church. All the leading thinkers of the African race, in or out of the citadels of learning are entitled to apply to come on the board of Muses through self and or third party recommendations and nominations. Send your resume and previously (published or not) original piece of writing or research work in any field of knowledge, aimed at solving any of our problems uniquely, and moving us forward collectively as a race. The board of Muses of the African race meets once a year to review the Black Agenda and scrupulously vet applications received, and those admitted into the board are honoured at a special annual ceremony and become entitled to use the title: Muse of the Menephtheion (mm. letters after name), or ‘Muse’ before name, and to participate at the annual Congress of Muses of the African race.

Our pre-occupation in Ma’at is to raise members’ self-help efforts to an art through individual involvement, intellect and unity. Our ambition is individual membership involvement and material and spiritual success. Our message is that no individual is alone; we are who we are because we are members of a family, community, society and race. There is no conceited economic baron or leader among us. No competition between members, only love and sharing of our pains and fortunes collectively and honestly. We love our ancestors because they gave us life. Our one name for our ancestors is Ausar. We love humanity because we are all from the same womb. Working patiently and diligently, we hope to use our collective goodwill, abundant physical energy, enthusiasm for hard work, our widow’s mite and love of goodness and truth to build a fortress of virtue and success. This in time would be a magnet on its own to install the ultimate New World Order of virtuous civilization.

Ma’at is not interested in the idle activities of waiting for the return of a Messiah or praying endlessly, which both imply attempts to avoid direct responsibly for one’s actions and self. It is strong on self-empowerment, enlightenment, enrichment, invocation, and the organization of often latent energy to enable the individual excel. It is not fetish but rational, philosophical, pragmatic, and is uncluttered with senseless restrictions. It is lively and boisterous in celebration of the purest essence of life. It is the binding cosmology of our race, and it is not negotiable because before we became Christians or Muslims etc, we were Black and African, and Ma’at represents this peculiar essence in all of us. It represents our souls as a unique people.

When people pray, for instance, it is not to God Yahweh, a White God that we pray, it is to our guardian spirits, or spirits created by us, or spirits that know us individually and care about us, such as of our dead parents, husbands, wives, siblings, children, and close relatives, that we pour out our hearts without knowing that that is what we are doing. They are the only ones whose listening devices or antennas are permanently tuned to us individually, and whose acute undivided attention is forever fixed on us. They are the only ones who take our prayers to heart because they know us intimately and care. They are the ones who try to help as best as possible, despite difficult physical barriers and constraints. They are the ones best positioned to come, and can come quickly to our aid, because they have a stake in our welfare and wellbeing. In some cases, they act out of guilt feeling of having left us abruptly, or so soon before fulfilling certain obligations and commitments owed us as parents, etc.

But when we dump our ancestors for alien ones, we render our saviours and protectors helpless and that is why our pains as a people seem to have no terminal point. Africans are the only race of people in the world worshipping other races’ Gods, Whites, Arabs and so on, and yet we moan endlessly that we are not making progress as a people. We are asking other people’s Gods to liberate us from their children and that is impossibility. Every parent fights to protect his or her own.

Individual spiritual activities. There is a physical and a spiritual nature to man. What tends to happen in real life is that we concentrate all our energies on fulfilling our physical to the detriment of our spiritual needs. In our quests for survival, we crave very hard for material things until such become insatiable and yet our lives remain dodged by all sorts of fear. The fear of losing our properties, loved ones, and of dying so soon, our selves.

We have material comfort and still we remain unfulfilled. Most religions (including Christianity and Islam), insist that we give up material quest for spiritual peace to reign. Even then, pains have refused to abate in the world. African spirituality believes that we can keep our wealth and be free from fear at the same time. That our spiritual and physical nature can be synchronized. That the synchronization requires conscious individual efforts that demand hard work in our chosen careers, unforced, clean, virtuous and wholesome spirit, fasting and healthy eating regime, abstinence from injurious life-threatening habits, and strong devotion to individual meditation. There is nothing mysterious about this. You must give your vocation your best shots at all times; you must be a good person at heart and in spirit; you must eat well and fast now and again, and you must meditate at a given time daily.

Meditate by your-self or with others. Meditation could be for ten, fifteen, thirty or more minutes, depending on the time you have, the complexity of the issues you are ruminating on, convenience, and your physical location at the time. You could meditate whether you are at home or the office or in a public place or in an aircraft, or moving vehicle, including public transport. If you are at home and can find the time, meditation could last for thirty minutes or more.

Choose a time of day or night that suits you best, preferably in the morning, or evening, or at night before going to bed. You should try to stick daily by whatever time you choose, because your spiritual twin would be waiting for you at the time and you can’t afford to keep the spirit waiting. Meditation is not a prayer session.

According to our deputy leader, Charles Roach, ‘prayers raise the mind up to a Supreme Being, outside of physical reality. Meditation taps on inner human forces. Both are therapeutic for the human spirit. Pan-Africa reflection is like preaching to our-selves. Our own inner voice or conscience shapes and informs our duties, obligations and actions. When we meditate, we are not petitioning anyone for anything; nor do we seek salvation through divine intercession. None but ourselves can bring us salvation. We therefore reflect on what we must do to save ourselves. We revisit the lives of our ancestors; we examine other cultures to discover what we can emulate. Meditation and reflection on the past glory and tribulations of our people, as well as pilgrimage to slave ports and transshipment centres, have a transfiguring effect on the individual.’

During meditation, sit if possible, quietly, effecting a relaxed, comfortable, pose. You should sit hassle-free, back erect, on the floor or on a cushion on the floor. It may or may not be a yogi pose since your comfort is paramount. Wear minimum clothing if you are not in public place because your pose or clothes must not cause you pain or distraction. If you cannot meditate sitting on the floor, relax on a chair or bed; close your eyes wherever you are and shut yourself off from the atmosphere around you for the duration of your meditation. You can do it without closing your eyes too, but it is easier to concentrate by blanking out surrounding physical distractions with eyes closed.

Spend the first few minutes, perhaps two to five minutes, quietly without saying a word or trying to think. Take a few deep soft breaths to ease your body. You need to be at peace with yourself, mentally, emotionally and physically. Listen to your heart beat. Let yourself, not just feel, but hear your own heart beat when silent. Then begin to psyche your sub-conscious being, (the deity) inside you. You can do this with others or alone by yourself even in a crowd, with unspoken or quiet spoken words, or murmurs, or you can remain quiet using thoughts only to meditate, accompanied with a tranquil sense of inner peace. You can do it totally with concentrated attention, drawing deeply into your inner self, demanding, psyching, focusing your spiritual half, to synchronize harmoniously with your physical half. There is no Messiah in meditation. If anything, you are your own Messiah, rallying and appropriating to yourself, all possible virtuous spiritual energies which aggregate the ancestral and divine powers of the universe, sometimes called the universal mind to which we all contribute and can partake of or share in.

At home, alone or with others, you can use deep thoughts alone for meditation, or you can combine deep thoughts with or without voice, to psyche your spirit self, demanding what needs to be done. Do this for as long as time permits. Tell your inner self, or the Great Deity inside you, what you want out of life. Detail how and when you want specific projects achieved. Ask for the health and welfare of your family, loved one’s, friends, anything legitimate, reasonable and objective. Be resolute, confident, trusting, assertive.

You must be clean in character, body, and thoughts, to achieve positive results. A thief or sinner would accumulate negative pay back. If you are a worthy person, demand what you want with authority, and confidence. Avoid merely adventurous thoughts. Concentrate and be articulate. After this, stay quiet for two to five minutes. Allow yourself to drift into a trance if you wish, by repeating a word or words concerning your most urgent requirements, or that capture/s your quest precisely and eloquently several times, at each session. You are psyching, and focusing, your spirit twin.

If you want something badly, concentrate on how to achieve it during meditation. Draw up detailed plan of action in your mind during daily meditation and keep refining this for one, two, three, four weeks or even a year or more. Be focused and resolute. Create positive images of fulfillment and identify with them. The length of time it takes to achieve your plans would depend on the hard work you devote to your plans, obstacles put in your way by others, and how spiritually clean you are. Keep quiet again for about two to five minutes to allow your spirit half absorb all you have said and done. If your eyes are closed while meditating, you may or may not need to switch your electric light off. If your electric light is off day or night, you may or may not need to light candle/s. The choice is yours and if you have to light a candle or candles, it could be scented or unscented. Some people meditate with soothing background music and some find this a distraction.

Fasting: Combine meditation with wet fasting for 1, 3 or 7 days, not every time, only during the period of your most urgent and critical quest. During fasting, eat only once in 24 hours. This we call wet fasting. Eat between the hours of 6.00 pm and 8.00 pm, and limit your main meal to not too oily food, which could be rice, beans potatoes, yam, plantains, and vegetables. Your food must not include meat but you can have fish. You can indulge in fasting longer but remember vegetarian diet alone cannot provide you with all the nutrients you need if you limit yourself too long to it. Our dry fasting means not eating in 24 hours. You can indulge in dry fasting for one day in a month, or one day in three months, unless your constitution can take more days. In both wet and dry fasting, you can drink all the water or fruit juices you need, at will. Thanksgiving (Sara): Do thanksgivings to end fasting quests, or once in a month or in three or six months, otherwise. Thanksgiving could be to your virtuous dead parents, patron ancestors, or the universal mind, of which you are part and from which you could draw inner spiritual strength. Sara could include giving of gifts or cash or cooked or uncooked food, to neighbours or total strangers or beggars on the streets. It could also be small gifts to schools or homes or institutions for the destitute. It could be a small get-together at home and is called ‘sara’ in Yoruba, Nigeria, language.

You give within your means and in replacement for what you would have spent on bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol indulgence. You can keep your reasons for the sara to yourself or share them with beneficiaries, (i.e., to thank my ancestors or to tap into virtuous universal energies for what is due to me not to be hindered, or to psyche positive energies around me to continue to work with my inner spiritual force, to strengthen my resolve and focus.

The simple steps listed here are enough to transform your life spiritually and as you become more adept at what you do, you will begin to hear your sub-conscious voice speak to you. Images and signs would begin to manifest in your dreams to sign post your direction. Your personality, intellect, self-discipline, and confidence, would begin to glow, and you would start to lose the fear of death, or any other fear. Turn your body into a clean temple (Cradle) of virtue and the world would be at your feet.

Everything you do counts, the kind of food you eat, your thoughts and actions all the time, your morality, your level of self-discipline and spirituality, all contribute to make you a great success in life. Be honest, open and accommodating, in your man, woman, relationships, and be the best brother or sister, there can be, to your loved ones, other Ma’ats and your friends and neighbours. As you develop spiritually you become immersed in the MA’AT principles of virtuous spirituality in preparation for higher callings in the Ma’at Cosmology.

If you follow our rather simple spiritual regime you would in no time lose all your fears and as you grow in Ma’at’s spirituality, and begin to acquire the power of the gods and a significant measure of control over your material and spiritual destiny. When one is called a member of the Ma’at family, it means the person is holistically focused, and is a strong pillar of strength in society. A Ma’at member is mentally stable and reliable; morally disciplined and upright, and is invariably a great family person. The Ma’at member is a lover of knowledge and an avid reader. Nothing is taboo to read to expand the member’s mind and spiritual horizon.

Group activities in Ma’at. Like kabbalism, Ma’at is a tightly knit family group, influential and directly or indirectly controlling a good chunk of local resources by virtue of hard work. Ma’at members therefore love hard work and hate being idle. They believe nothing comes easy so they put in everything they have, energy, brains and resources to excel. Members meeting place is called the ‘Ma’at,’ or ‘Mwanzo,’ or ‘Cradle,’ (or any other appropriate name in native dialect for the Cradle), just as the Church is to Christians. Members gather at the ‘Ma’at’ on a Sunday (the ancient African feast day), in a boisterous, lively, social gathering and co-operative society-like atmosphere. ‘Ma’at’ branches can add peculiar local flair and embellishments to their merry-making to capture strong community ethos. The gathering is called AFEFE (meaning, Ma’at wind that soothes and caresses), and is laced with happy revelry, suffused with drumming, singing and dancing.

A major event of the day is a lecture by a special guest of honour who may or may not be a member of Ma’at but who is knowledgeable, or is an expert in his field of lecture. The opportunity is used to invite scholars, important people in the community, government, or commerce, to educate the Ma’at members on the latest national issues and debates as they affect their well-being. Every lecture must leave the audience better informed and grateful for attending. A short question and answer session is encouraged after the speaker’s presentation.

After the lecture session, the congregation transforms into Mjane Msaada community empowerment parliament to set up projects, make levies, assign jobs and receive reports, on what have been accomplished. Mjane Msaada requires every member of the Ma’at branch to contribute an agreed levy weekly, (could be fifty, or a hundred or more units of the local currency), into a pool called Mjane Msaada, which the Ma’at branch builds up to finance projects. Members’ contributions are compulsory. So, why pay tithes, thanksgiving, etc., to enrich Priests and Alfas, when you can invest all that money in yourself in the Ma’at? A well run Ma’at branch, is expected to become a successful, efficient and highly respected hub of social, spiritual, cultural, political, intellectual and economic activities in its community within a short time. Three to five years at the most, buying up manufacturing companies, large farms and housing estates for members, office complexes to let, schools, investing in the stock exchange etc., and turning members into millionaires and business tycoons. Members are entitled to receive priority employment advantage in their Ma’at businesses as long as the applicants are qualified for the jobs.

Every race has her spiritual base. The Caucasians, Rome and Jerusalem; Arabs, Mecca, and are making millions of dollars from thousands of African spiritual tourists and pilgrims yearly. African Pilgrimage, AP, is an annual event, and takes off in March/April of every year. The first AP is planned for 2017 in Nigeria. AP brings together all the ideological tendencies and movements of the African race in celebration of our oneness and triumph as a people, and to pay homage to our illustrious ancestors. AP celebrates the family unity of all the children of Africa, from Cuba, Jamaica, Antigua, Barbados, Brazil, Guyana, Zimbabwe, Europe, USA, Australia, Ghana, South Africa, Nigeria etc. AP is to the African race, what the annual pilgrimage to Mecca is to the Arabs, or to Jerusalem is to the Christians.

With the coming on stream of the African Union (AU), the political sting of the irregular Pan African Congresses of the Pan African Movement has now become largely cosmetic. AP replaces the Pan African Congresses from the 8th Congress, to provide the anchor and propelling force for Black unity and ascendance. All future Pan-African Congresses would be known as AP, the African Pilgrimage. The African Union (AU), despite its constitutional and operational weaknesses, has considerably diluted the political importance of the Pan-African Congresses and almost rendered them irrelevant.

AP would concentrate on the areas of comparative advantage and through moral persuasion, discipline and scholarship, maintain a vibrant lobby on the AU, to ensure comprehensive, fused, and focused, self-fulfillment, advancement, and ascendance, of the entire African race. The African Union (AU) is to be lobbied, to be strengthened, to take care of the political aspirations of the entire Black race, while the Pan-African Movement, known also as (APU) the African Peoples’ Union, concentrates on the spiritual through Ma’at.

Every Black person in the world, every Ma’at member must perform AP, the African Pilgrimage, at least, once in a lifetime. The seven-day long pilgrimage, involves meetings of leaders, cultural ceremonies and events, exhibitions, seminars, spiritual home coming rituals, offers of reverences, and a mammoth carnival procession. Each pilgrim ritually slaughters a goat to the spirits of our ancestors during the pilgrimage week. Every male who has performed the pilgrimage is entitled to use the title ‘Azah’ (or Azahaaze in full) before name. Female counterparts use the title: ‘Azinii’ (or Aziniida in full) before name. Both titles mean spiritually cleansed. AP is expected to grow into one of the biggest, liveliest, spiritually fulfilling, attractive cultural, intellectual, commercial and tourists events and destinations in the world. Calabar or Badagry in Nigeria would serve as the dream venue and permanent site for the annual African Pilgrimage. Calabar has a vibrant spiritual culture and strong physical memory. It was a major seaport for slavery, providing access to slaves from the interior of Africa. In fact, 27% of all African slaves went through the Calabar port, whereas Ghana, Senegal and the Gambia combined, had only 10%.

Badagry was actually our first choice home for the African pilgrimage. That was why we held our first Black Think Tank meeting there in August 1992. The Oba of Badagry was very happy with the prospects and he gave us maximum cooperation and encouragement, but as we got nearer actualization date, the nightmarish congestion on the Expressway from Lagos to Badagry and the lack of amenities in Badagry to support bringing thousands of people there yearly for a day or a week, began to force us to re-order our plans. That is how Calabar came into the picture, the new TINAPA facilities there, were the lure but Calabar on its own confronted us with transportation logistic nightmare. Now we can transfer the annual week-long African spiritual pilgrimage back to Badagry because the Lagos State Government has embarked on expanding the Lagos – Badagry Expressway from four lanes to ten, and would provide a mono-rail and rapid bus services on the route by the end of 2013. Several cities are being developed as additional pilgrimage experience points and include: the Ogun shrine, the Yemoja festival in Oshogbo and the Oro festival in Ogun state. The Igue festival in Benin City, and the Sukur kingdom mountain in Maiduguri. The Kerengwa water falls in Nasarawa with its therapeutic health benefits. Nasarawa also provides the opportunity to visit the God of the Sun at home.

Membership of the Ma’at-Pan-African Movement-African People’s Union is the birthright of every Black person in the world. The right is inherited at birth, the same way we acquire our family names the day we were born. When you subscribe to your Ma’at-Pam-Apu birthright, you are helping to build one of the greatest Movements of people the world has ever known. Ma’at is the spiritual incubator of the Movement. Just as an Israeli is a Jew, nurtured and driven by kabbalism, a Pan-Africanist or Black is first and foremost a member of the Ma’at. Ma’at is the binding cosmology of our race, and it is not negotiable because before we became Christians, or adherents of the Islamic faith etc, we were Black and African, and Ma’at represents this peculiar essence in all of us. It represents our souls as a unique people.

Ma’at family Study Group meetings start with a quiet moment of meditation say for 2 to 5 minutes, depending on choice of the group. Attention at the meetings is given to how to build up membership, and how to help each other grow in legitimate individual activities as a member of an indivisible family group; the promotion of spiritual and social cohesion among members, and the provision of community services to help improve the transformation of our environments generally for public good. Each member volunteers time and resources to help each other and to help solve identifiable, quantifiable projects and activities useful to the group or the neighbourhood, to arrest decay and put them on the path of wealth building for the Ma’at family members. We want people who would help us take back our leadership of the world legitimately with brains and brawns. We want people who by dint of hard work and sharing, as one indivisible family in the Ma’at, would become and are seen to be among the most successful and virtuous human beings in the world. We want to win our respect back as the ancestors of the human race, the origin, the first born, because our time has come and we cannot afford to leave you behind. So, if you are Black, regardless of where you may be living in the world right now, you are an African and that means you are of the cradle, the origin, the first, and the first is the best in any language. Join the potentially one billion members’ strong African revolt.

We are taking back our leadership of the world from where our ancestors were pushed off inelegantly some 2000 years ago. Join us to colonize the world with our African walk, African swagger, African songs, African dance, African fashion, African science, African technology, African creativity, African business acumen, African scholarship, African spirituality, African joy and reverence for life. Join us to start the most thorough, most ennobling, most comprehensive, most profound revolution in human history. Join us to launch mankind’s final revolt – the destruction of hate, oppression, marginalization and racism. Join us to enthrone a world that cares, a world of love, a world that belongs to all who dwell in it. To start a Ma’at branch or to join us is easy. If you are African and do not belong to any religious faith, or you are already a leader, teacher, student, follower or adherent of Ma’at, whether in South America, USA, Canada, the Caribbean, the Pacific, Europe, Asia or Africa, you are welcome to join the universal Ma’at movement now. It is compulsory for all Africans and Blacks worldwide to switch to Ma’at right away, whether they are Christians; Muslims; adherents of traditional African faiths such as Sango, Olokun Ogun, Amadioha etc or followers of other none African religions or spiritual movements. When you switch, you can no longer practice your old faith. All that is required of you is the desire to get a Ma’at branch started or to join one near you. Two books have been prepared for the spiritual revolution. They are (a) The end of knowledge and (b) Ma’at: truth and justice. While waiting for the books, use this document to get started.

We expect you to start by inviting family members, friends and neighbours to join your Study Group and to probably start off with two or three or four members, meeting initially once a week in your home or at a chosen venue. Each member of your group is expected to invite family members, friends and neighbours to every follow-up weekly meeting, which could then be in rotation at the homes of other members that you all agree upon or that volunteer to host such meetings. We expect initially that people living in the same condo, or next door to one another, or neighbouring streets or district, or within a block or two or three of each other, or at a school, college, or work place, would begin to come together weekly as a Ma’at family group to study our two books an thoroughly familiarize themselves with what the Ma’at spirituality and movement is about. Every member of the Ma’at family study group and of Ma’at generally would be expected to get a copy each of our two mobilization books: (a) The end of knowledge and (b) Ma’at, truth and justice, eventually, to assist members individually and as a group in their studies and to serve as guide and reference documents and as comforting spiritual companions for the rest of their individual lives.

When the Study Group has grown into a family of (say twenty or more members), and the group is satisfied that members understand what Ma’at and the Movement are about, the group then elects officers such as Aggar-Ra or Agger-Re and so on, and registers and subscribes to the movement, to receive a reference code to form a street, community, work place, school, state or national Ma’at branch of the Ma’at-Pan African Movement-African People’s Union, and to be entitled as a branch to the following:

(a) A registration code number
(b) ONE BLACK WORLD, the Ma’at-Pam-Apu newsletter.
(c) Join the ‘Reparations’ Brigade.
(d) Join the Ma’at-Pan-Apu Passport (PAP) lobby.
(e) Be guided on repatriation/relocation strategies to Africa, which includes cultivation of dual citizenship of your birth place and of an African country of your choice on the continent. In the first instance, we have acquired acres of rural land in Nigeria (and more acres of land are being negotiated) for those desirous of immediate relocation to Africa.

(f) Join the Ma’at-Pam-Apu.
(g) Participate in ASSAP, the annual African Spiritual Summit and Pilgrimage.

(h) Hold office in Ma’at-Pam-Apu.
(i ) Aspire and if qualified, become a Muse of the Menephtheion (mm.).

(j) And, of course, be a shareholder in the African World Bank (AWB) along with every other African alive, through the Zawadi Kwafrica Fund.

We want people who would help us take back our leadership of the world legitimately with brains and brawns. We want people who by dint of hard work and sharing, as one indivisible family in the Ma’at, would become and are seen to be among the most successful and virtuous human beings in the world. We want to win our respect back as the ancestors of the human race, the origin, the first born, because our time has come and we cannot afford to leave you behind.

So, if you are Black, regardless of where you may be living in the world right now, you are an African and that means you are of the cradle, the origin, the first, and the first is the best in any language. Join the potentially one billion members’ strong African revolt. We are taking back our leadership of the world from where our ancestors were pushed off inelegantly some 2000 years ago. Join us to colonize the world with our African walk, African swagger, African songs, African dance, African fashion, African industry, African science, African technology, African creativity, African business acumen, African scholarship, African spirituality, African joy, reverence and love for life.

Join us to start the most thorough, most ennobling, most comprehensive, most profound revolution in human history. Join us to launch mankind’s final revolt – the destruction of hate, oppression, marginalization and racism, to enthrone a world that cares, a world of love, a world that belongs to all who dwell in it.

NAIWU OSAHON Hon. Khu Mkuu (Leader) World Pan-African Movement); Ameer Spiritual (Spiritual Prince) of the African race; MSc. (Salford); Dip.M.S; G.I.P.M; Dip.I.A (Liv.); D. Inst. M; G. Inst. M; G.I.W.M; A.M.N.I.M. Poet, Author of the magnum opus: ‘The end of knowledge’. One of the world’s leading authors of children’s books; Awarded; key to the city of Memphis, Tennessee, USA; Honourary Councilmanship, Memphis City Council; Honourary Citizenship, County of Shelby; Honourary Commissionership, County of Shelby, Tennessee; and a silver shield trophy by Morehouse College, USA, for activities to unite and uplift the African race.

Naiwu Osahon: the Sage of the New World Order, renowned author, philosopher of science, mystique, leader of the world Pan-African Movement.

links to some Black History posts on this blog.

 

 

 

Click the links below to view the posts.

Think You Can’t Research Your African American Family History? Think Again.

Using DNA to find the common ancestor — The Genealogy Corner

Who do you think you are magazine link. Tracing ancestors worldwide

African ancestry with link to African ancestry DNA site

Analysing trans-atlantic DNA results

The Story in My DNA

My carribean african ancestry DNA

 

Ethnic Origins of Jamaican Runaway Slaves

Haitian DNA Results

 

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AFRICAN🌟 DIASPORA (NEVER🌍FORGET) ONLINE 💻 ENCYCLOPEDIA!AFRICAN DIASPORA (NEVERFORGET) ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA!

Historical black figures in Europe and beyond

Links to the slave databases available online

First World War records of service

 

AMER’ICAN, noun A native of America; originally applied to the aboriginals, or copper-colored races, found here by the Europeans. Link below

The slave population of the United States from 1815

In Our Cities: From Slavery to Real Estate Mogul, Biddy Mason Leaves Her Mark on Los Angeles

 

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Inspirational black historical figures and quotes

Harriet Ann Jacob’s incidents in the life of a slave girl

The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

Olaudah Equiano – life on board – A slaves account

Who the Moors really were.

When Black Men Ruled the World: 8 Things The Moors Brought to Europe – Atlanta Black Star

 

Efik people

GA PEOPLE: GHANA`S TRIBE THAT HAS MAINTAINED ITS AFRICAN TRADITIONS AND CULTURE IN THE MIDST OF WESTERN INFLUENCE IN THE CAPITAL CITY,ACCRA.

Ga Naming patten

The tribe of Ga

The Igbo tribe

Igbo people in Jamaica

 

Stunning pictures of African tribes from “The African Way”

Benin trade and art

Rice production in Nigeria

Nigerian Results (Ancestry DNA)

Road tripping across Nigeria: A Photo Essay — The Five to Nine Traveller

Tracing Cameroon Roots

The Lemba Bantu tribe in South Africa

History And Legacy Of South Africa’s Legendary Warrior, Shaka Zulu. — African Paradise World

Sahel / Interior

PEOPLE OF THE WATER: THE LIBINZA OF THE ISLANDS OF THE NGIRI RIVER, DEMOCRATIC REPUPLIC OF THE CONGO – Part 2: THE WATER..

African ancestry with link to African ancestry DNA site

 

Israelite Tribes

The East African Israelites of Zanjiland

The Bantu Branch of ‘Africans’ are Hebrew Israelites PART I of II

History And Legacy Of Haile Selassie I — African Paradise World

THE YORUBA AND OTHER HEBREW ISRAELITES OF NIGERIA

The tribes Benjamin & Judah

THE HEBREW ISRAELITES AND THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE CONNECTION

“BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES “BY ANGELFIRE.COM

Black History Pt 3: The True Identity of the West African Slaves PT 3

Found Biblical heritage of Black Americans Historical Evidence They Are Hebrews ( New Videos Added )

The Igbo and Hebrew Jewish practises.

Exploration of The Hebrews descended from the tribe of GADExploration of The Hebrews descended from the tribe of GAD

Israel’s Covenant Renewal Deuteronomy

 

Developing a connection with your spirit

Spirituality: A focus on the soul “the shift in priorities allows us to embrace our spirituality in a more profound way”

English Bible History

Christianity’s African Roots

History of Judaism

Catholic Church Admits They Made the Change to the Sabbath

The Torah states to worship YHWH. In Hebrew God is associated with Baal and other false God.

So Early Christians Stole From Kamit/Kemet Now What? Pt. 1

“ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WROTE THE BIBLE” BY DR. KWAME NANTAMBU,KENT STATE UNIVERSITY

Metu Neter – Ma’at – 11 Laws of God

The Kemetic Religion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Israel’s Covenant Renewal Deuteronomy

The Book of Deuteronomy134

Our Lord resisted and refuted Satan’s temptations by citing the truths of Deuteronomy (see Matthew 4:1-11Luke 4:1-12). In many ways, his testing in the wilderness paralleled Israel’s testing in the wilderness for 40 years. Our Lord, however, came through His testing without failing, as He entrusted Himself to the faithful care of the Father.

The Book of Deuteronomy records several important transitions. It records the transition from the first generation of Israelites, who died in the wilderness (the Book of Numbers), to the second generation of Israelites, who would possess the land of Canaan (the Book of Joshua). It marks the transition of Israel from a nation that dwelt in tents to one that possessed land and houses, from a people who ate manna and water to a people who ate “milk and honey.”

Deuteronomy marks the end of the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Old Testament written by Moses). In this book, Moses hands the torch of leading the nation Israel to Joshua. Moses knows that he cannot enter the land and that he is soon to die. These are the last words of Moses, written to the Israelites who are on the verge of entering the Promised Land. It is almost as though Moses were preaching his own funeral. Kenneth Boa and Bruce Wilkinson appropriately call this book “Moses’ Upper Desert Discourse.”136

Deuteronomy is the account of this generation of Israelites embracing the covenant of God with their fathers as their own, of their entering into a covenant relationship with God. This is the renewal of the covenant:

16 Today the Lord your God is commanding you to keep these statutes and ordinances, something you must do with all your heart and being. 17 Today you have declared the Lord to be your God, and that you will walk in his ways, keep his statutes, commandments, ordinances, and obey him. 18 And today the Lord has declared you to be his special people (as he already promised you) so that you may keep all his commandments, 19 so that he may elevate you above all the nations he has made as a cause of praise, as a name, and as an honor, and so that you may be a holy people to the Lord your God, as he has said (Deuteronomy 26:16-19, emphasis mine).

9 “Therefore, keep the terms of this covenant and obey them so that you may be successful in everything you do. 10 You are standing today, all of you, before theLord your God—the heads of your tribes, your elders, your officials, every Israelite, 11 your infants, your wives, and the foreigners living in your encampment, those who chop wood and those who carry water—12 so that you may enter into the covenant of the Lord your God and into the benefits of the oath that the Lord is making with you today, 13 to affirm you today as his people and himself as your God just as he said to you and already swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 14 And it is not with you alone that I am making this covenant and oath, 15 but with whoever stands with us here today before the Lord your God as well as those not with us here today” (Deuteronomy 29:2-15, emphasis mine).

None of this generation has been circumcised, which was the sign of the covenant God made with Abraham (see Genesis 17:9-14, 23-27; compareExodus 4:24-26). In only a few days, this whole generation will undergo circumcision and observe the Passover before they attack Jericho (Joshua 5:2-12). This is further confirmation that they have now entered into covenant with the God of their fathers.

At the age of 120, Moses made his way to the top of Mount Nebo, where God allowed him to look across the Jordan Valley and into the Promised Land. It was as close as he would ever get to entering the land. Deuteronomy is certainly the high ground of the Pentateuch. It is one of those high points in the Bible from which we may look back in time, and by means of which we can look far ahead in Israel’s history. Several times in this book, God lays out the broad scheme of Israel’s future. An early indication of Israel’s future is found as early as chapter 4, in this brief statement of blessings and cursings:

25 After you have produced children and grandchildren and have been in the land a long time, if you become corrupted and make an image of any kind and do other evil things before the Lord your God that enrage him, 26 I invoke heaven and earth as witnesses against you today that you will surely and swiftly be destroyed from the very land you are about to cross the Jordan to possess. You will not last long there because you will be totally devastated. 27 Then the Lord will scatter you among the peoples and there will be very few of you in the nations where the Lord will drive you. 28 There you will worship gods made by human hands—wood and stone that can neither see, hear, eat, nor smell. 29 But if you seek the Lord your God from there, you will find him, if, indeed, you seek him with all your heart and soul. 30 In your distress when all these things happen to you in the latter days, if you return to the Lord your God and listen to him 31 (for he is a merciful God), he will not let you down or destroy you, for he cannot forget the covenant with your ancestors that he swore to them (Deuteronomy 4:25-31).

At the end of the book, very clear statements are made regarding Israel’s future, both by God and by Moses:

15 The Lord appeared in the tent in a pillar of cloud that stood above the door of the tent. 16 And the Lord said to Moses, “You are about to die, and then these people will begin to prostitute themselves with the foreign gods of the land into which they are going. They will leave me and break my covenant that I have made with them. 17 On that day my anger will flare up against them and I will leave them and hide myself from them until they are devoured. Many hurts and distresses will overcome them so that they will say at that time, ‘Have not these difficulties overcome us because God is not among us?’ 18 But I will certainly hide myself on that day because of all the wickedness they will have done by turning to other gods. 19 Now compose for yourselves the following song and teach it to the Israelites—put it into their very mouths!—so that this song may serve me as a witness against the Israelites. 20 For after I have brought them to the land I promised to their ancestors—one flowing with milk and honey—and they eat and become satisfied and fat, then they will turn to other gods to worship them and will reject me and break my covenant. 21 Then when many hurts and distresses overcome them this song will become a witness against them, for their descendants will not forget it. I know the intentions they have in mind today, even before I bring them to the land I have promised.” 22 Therefore on that day Moses wrote this song and taught it to the Israelites, 23 and the Lord commissioned Joshua son of Nun, “Be strong and courageous, for you will take the Israelites to the land I have promised them, and I will be with you.” 24 When Moses finished writing on a scroll the words of this law in their entirety, 25 he commanded the Levites who carried the ark of the Lord’s covenant, 26 “Take this scroll of the law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God. It will be there as a witness against you, 27 for I know about your rebellion and stubbornness. Indeed, even while I have been alive among you, you have been rebellious against the Lord; how much more will you be so after my death? 28 Gather to me all your tribal elders and officials so I can speak to them directly of these things and call the heavens and the earth to witness against them. 29 For I know that after I die you will totally corrupt yourselves and turn away from the path I have commanded you to walk. Disaster will confront you in the days to come because you will act wickedly before the Lord, inciting him to wrath because of your works.” 30 Then Moses recited the words of this song from start to finish in the hearing of the whole assembly of Israel (Deuteronomy 31:15-23).

A fuller description of Israel’s sins and their consequences is given inDeuteronomy 28:15-68. It is not all bad news, as we shall point out later in the lesson. What we should recognize at the beginning of this study is that Deuteronomy is a crucial book because it does lay out in broad terms the history of Israel. The Old Testament prophets will frequently return to Deuteronomy as their point of reference. Deuteronomy provides the major outline of the history of Israel, and as such, it is foundational to God’s “unfolding plan of redemption.” Let us listen well to the words of this book. Not only do I say this, but Moses does also:

8 Now pay attention to the whole commandment I am giving you today, so that you may be strong enough to enter and possess the land where you are headed, 9 and that you may enjoy long life in the land the Lord swore to give to your ancestors and their descendants, a land flowing with milk and honey (Deuteronomy 11:8-9).

26 Take note—I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse: 27 the blessing if you take to heart the commandments of the Lord your God that I am giving you today, 28 and the curse if you pay no attention to his commandments and turn from the way I am setting before you today to pursue other gods you have not known (Deuteronomy 11:26-28).

You must be careful to do everything I am commanding you. Do not add to it or subtract from it! (Deuteronomy 12:32)

15 “Look! I have set before you today life and prosperity on the one hand, and death and disaster on the other. 16 What I am commanding you today is to love the Lord your God, to walk in his ways, and to obey his commandments, his statutes, and his ordinances. Then you will live and become numerous and the Lord your God will bless you in the land where you are going to take possession of it. 17 However, if you turn aside and do not obey, but are lured away to worship and serve other gods, 18 I declare to you this very day that you will certainly perish! You will not extend your time in the land you are crossing the Jordan River to possess” (Deuteronomy 30:15-18).

My Approach in this Lesson

It is generally accepted that Moses’ sermons in the Book of Deuteronomy were delivered over a period of about a week and that they fall into three major divisions. These divisions are essentially chronological: the first chapters look back in time; the middle chapters look to the near future; and the final chapters look into Israel’s more distant future. The more I have studied this book, however, the more intertwined I see the past, present, and future. Consequently, I will focus on some of the issues that Moses raises because Israel is very soon going to be entering the Promised Land. I will attempt to show how Moses draws upon the past to buttress his instructions regarding the near future. Then we shall address the subject of the later chapters, which speak of Israel’s more distant future long after this generation of Israelites has died.

Israel’s Response to What Lies Ahead

THE FIRST ISSUE: HOW WILL THIS NEW GENERATION OF ISRAELITES RESPOND TO THE DIFFICULTY OF TAKING THE PROMISED LAND FROM THE CANAANITES? This issue was the turning point for the first generation of Israelites, who were terrified by the strength and size of their adversaries (Numbers 13:26—14:35). Moses knows full well that the difficulty of their task will be an issue the second generation must deal with as well:

17 If you think, “These nations are more numerous than I—how can I dispossess them?,” 18 you must not fear them (Deuteronomy 7:17-18a, emphasis mine).

1 Listen, Israel: Today you are about to cross the Jordan River so you can dispossess the nations there, people greater and stronger than you, large cities with extremely high fortifications2 the Anakites, a numerous and tall people whom you know about and of whom it is said, “Who is able to withstand the Anakites?” (Deuteronomy 9:1-2, emphasis mine)

Moses turns to the history of God’s previous dealings with Israel to show that He will fulfill His promise to give them the land of Canaan.

First, Moses reminds this generation that their fathers refused to possess the land and rebelled against Moses in the wilderness, consequently losing their opportunity to enter into God’s blessings (Deuteronomy 1:18-46).

Second, Moses commands the Israelites not to fear by reiterating God’s promise that He will most certainly give them the land He promised their fathers under the leadership of Joshua:

18 I instructed you at that time as follows, “The Lord your God has given you this land for your possession. You are to cross over before your fellow Israelites, all the warriors, equipped for battle. 19 But your wives, children, and livestock (of which I know you have many) must remain in the cities I have given you 20 until the Lord helps your fellow countrymen prevail as you have, and allows them to possess the land that he is giving them on the other side of the Jordan River. Then each of you may return to his own territory which I have given you.” 21 I also commanded Joshua at the same time, “You have seen everything the Lord your God did to these two kings; he will do the same to the kingdoms where you are going. 22 Do not be afraid of them, for the Lord your God will personally fight for you” (Deuteronomy 3:18-22, emphasis mine).

Third, Moses reminds the Israelites of what God had already done for the Israelites while they were slaves in Egypt, and while they were in the wilderness:

32 Indeed, ask about earlier days that have preceded you, from the day God created mankind on the earth and from one end of heaven to the other, whether there has ever been such a great thing as this, or even a rumor of it. 33 Have a people ever heard the voice of God speaking from fire, as you yourselves have, and lived to tell about it? 34 Or has God ever before tried to deliver a nation to himself from the middle of another nation, accompanied by testings, signs, wonders, war, strength, power, and other very terrifying things like the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your very eyes? 35 You have been made to understand that the Lord alone is God—there is no other besides him. 36 From heaven he spoke to you in order to teach you, and on earth showed you his great fire from which you also heard him. 37 Moreover, because he loved your ancestors he chose their descendants who followed them, and personally brought you out of Egypt with great power 38to dispossess nations greater and more powerful than you and brought you in to give you their land as an inheritance—just as it has taken place today. 39 May you understand today and take it to heart that the Lord is God in heaven above and on earth below—there is no other! 40 And may you keep his statutes and commandments that I am setting forth today so that it may go well with you and your descendants and that you might enjoy longevity in the land that the Lord your God is about to give you forever” (Deuteronomy 4:32-40, emphasis mine).

You must carefully recall what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and all Egypt, 19 the great afflictions you saw, the signs and wonders, the strong hand and extended arm by which he brought you out—thus the Lord your God will do to all the people you fear. 20 Furthermore, he will release the hornet among them until the very last ones who hide from you perish. 21 You must not tremble in their presence, for the Lord your God, who is present among you, is a great and awesome God. 22 He, the God who leads you, will expel the nations little by little. You must not overcome them all at once lest the wild animals overrun you. 23 The Lord your God will give them over to you; he will trouble them with great difficulty until they are destroyed. 24 He will hand over their kings to you and you will erase their very names from memory. Nobody will be able to stand before you until you annihilate them” (Deuteronomy 7:18b-24, emphasis mine)

1 Therefore, love the Lord your God and keep his obligations, that is, his statutes, ordinances, and commandments forever. 2 Bear in mind today that I am not speaking to your children who have not known or seen the instruction of the Lord your God, his greatness, strength, and power, 3 or his signs and works that he did in the midst of Egypt to Pharaoh king of Egypt and his whole land; 4 what he did to the army of Egypt, their horses and chariots, when he made the waters of the Red Sea overwhelm them when they were pursuing you, and how he destroyed them to this very day; 5 what he did to you in the desert until you reached this place, 6 and what he did to Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab the Reubenite, when the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them, their children, their tents, and everything that followed them, in the middle of all Israel— 7 but it is your very eyes that saw all the great deeds of the Lord! (Deuteronomy 11:1-7, emphasis mine)

Fourth, Moses reminds the Israelites of God’s intervention in the more recent past:

2:24 Get up, make your way across Wadi Arnon. Look! I have already delivered over to you Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land. Go ahead! Take it! Engage him in war! 25 This very day I will begin to fill all the people of the earth with dread and to terrify them when they hear about you. They will shiver and shake in anticipation of your coming.” 26 Then I sent messengers from the Kedemoth Desert to King Sihon of Heshbon with words of peace, 27 “Let me pass through your land; I will keep strictly to the roadway. I will not turn aside to the right or the left. 28 Sell me food for cash so that I can eat and give me water to drink. Just allow me to go through on foot, 29 just as the descendants of Esau at Seir and the Moabites of Ar did for me until I cross the Jordan to the land the Lord our God is giving us.” 30 But King Sihon of Heshbon was unwilling to allow us to pass over near him because the Lord our God had given him a resistant spirit and stubborn determination so that he might deliver him over to you this very day. 31 Surely enough, the Lord said to me, “Look! I have already begun to give over Sihon and his land to you. Start right now to take his land as your possession.” 32 When Sihon and all his troops emerged to encounter us in battle at Jahaz, 33 the Lord our God delivered him over to us and we struck him down, along with his son and everyone else. 34 At that time we seized all his cities and put every one of them that was inhabited under the divine curse, even the women and children; there was not a single survivor. 35 Only the livestock and plunder from the cities did we keep for ourselves. 36 From Aroer, which is at the edge of Wadi Arnon, and the city in the wadi, all the way to Gilead there was not a city too inaccessible to us—the Lord our God gave them all to us. 37 However, you did not approach the land of the Ammonites, the Wadi Jabbok valley, the cities of the hill country, or any place else forbidden by the Lord our God.

3:1 Next we set out on the route to Bashan, but King Og of Bashan and his whole army came out to meet us in battle at Edrei. 2 The Lord, however, said to me, “Don’t be afraid of him because I have already given him, his army, and his land to you. You will do to him exactly what you did to King Sihon of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon.” 3 So the Lord our God did indeed give over King Og of Bashan and all his people to us and we rained blows on him until not a single survivor was left. 4 We took all his cities at that time—there was not a one we did not capture from them—sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the dominion of Og in Bashan. 5 All of these cities were fortified by high walls, gates, and bars; in addition there were a great many open villages. 6 We put all of these under the divine curse just as we had done to King Sihon of Heshbon—every occupied city, including women and children. 7 But all the livestock and urban plunder we appropriated to ourselves. 8 Thus at that time we took the land of the two Amorite kings in the Transjordan from Wadi Arnon to Mount Hermon 9 (the Sidonians call Hermon Sirion and the Amorites call it Senir), 10 all the cities of the plateau, all of Gilead and Bashan as far as Salecah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 11 Only King Og of Bashan was left of the remaining Rephaites. (It is noteworthy that his sarcophagus was made of iron. Does it not, indeed, still remain in Rabbath of the Ammonites? It is thirteen and a half feet long and six feet wide according to standard measure.) (Deuteronomy 2:24—3:11)

Based upon God’s faithfulness to Israel in the past, God assures the Israelites of victory in the future, as they obey Him:

18 I instructed you at that time as follows, “The Lord your God has given you this land for your possession. You are to cross over before your fellow Israelites, all the warriors, equipped for battle. 19 But your wives, children, and livestock (of which I know you have many) must remain in the cities I have given you 20 until the Lord helps your fellow countrymen prevail as you have, and allows them to possess the land that he is giving them on the other side of the Jordan River. Then each of you may return to his own territory which I have given you.” 21 I also commanded Joshua at the same time, “You have seen everything the Lord your God did to these two kings; he will do the same to the kingdoms where you are going. 22 Do not be afraid of them, for the Lord your God will personally fight for you” (Deuteronomy 3:18-22, emphasis mine).

THE SECOND ISSUE: THE DANGERS OF CANAANITE IDOLATRY AND IMMORALITYThe second issue facing the Israelites as they are preparing to enter the Promised Land is the temptation posed by the Canaanites’ immorality and idolatry.

We should recall that it was the danger posed by Canaanite idolatry and immorality that necessitated Israel’s sojourn in Egypt. In Genesis 38, we read that Judah separated from his kinsmen and married a Canaanite woman. After his wife died, he had a sexual relationship with a woman whom he thought was a Canaanite cult prostitute (Genesis 38:21-22), though this woman turned out to be his own daughter-in-law. God ordained Israel’s sojourn in Egypt for two reasons: (1) Because the sin of the Canaanite people had not reached maturity, and thus the time for divine judgment (Genesis 15:12-16); and (2) because the Egyptians loathed the Hebrews and would, generally speaking,138 The Canaanites worshipped fertility gods, and so it is little wonder that sexual immorality would be involved in their “worship.”

Israel is repeatedly warned against the evils of idolatry in the Book of Deuteronomy (4:25-26; 5:8-10; 11:16-17; 29:17-20). They are informed that they will turn to idolatry in the future (31:16, 20; 32:15-23). The cure is to take drastic preventative action with regard to the temptations of idolatry and immorality in the land of Canaan.

1 “When the Lord your God brings you to the land that you are going to occupy and forces out many nations before you—Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, seven nations more numerous and powerful than you—2 and he delivers them over to you and you attack them, you must utterly annihilate them. Make no covenant with them nor show them compassion! 3 You must not intermarry with them. Do not give your daughters to their sons nor take their daughters for your sons, 4 for they will turn your sons away from me to worship other gods. Then the wrath of the Lord will erupt against you and he will soon destroy you. 5 Instead, this is what you must do to them: You must tear down their altars, shatter their sacred pillars, cut down their sacred Asherah poles, and burn up their images. 6 For you are a people holy to the Lord your God. He has chosen you to be a people prized above all others on the face of the earth” (Deuteronomy 7:1-6).

25 “You must burn the images of their gods, but do not covet the silver and gold that covers them so much that you take it for yourself and thus become ensnared by it; for it is abhorrent to the Lord your God. 26 You must not bring any detestable thing into your house and thereby become an object of divine annihilation like it is. You must absolutely abhor and detest it, for it is an object of divine annihilation” (Deuteronomy 7:25-26).

12 “If it should come to your attention in one of your cities that the Lord your God is giving you as a place to live that 13 some evil people have departed from among you to entice the inhabitants of their cities, saying, “Let’s go and serve other gods whom you have not known before,” 14 you must investigate thoroughly and inquire carefully. If it is true and certain that this abomination is being done among you, 15 you must by all means slaughter the inhabitants of that city with the sword; put under the divine curse everyone in it, even the livestock, by the sword. 16 You must collect all of its spoil into the middle of the plaza and burn the city and all its spoil as a whole burnt offering to the Lord your God. It will be an abandoned ruin forever—it must never be rebuilt again. 17 You must not take for yourself anything of that which has been cursed, so that the Lord might relent of his intense wrath and show you compassion, that he might have mercy on you and multiply you as he promised your ancestors. 18 Thus you must obey the voice of the Lord your God, keeping all his commandments that I am presenting you today and doing the thing that is right before him” (Deuteronomy 13:12-18).

These texts were crucial to Israel’s well being in the land of Canaan, where the temptations for idolatry and immorality were many. They were commanded to completely annihilate the Canaanites, destroying every living thing. They were to show no pity or fear (7:16). When they defeated the Canaanites, they were not to keep any of the spoils (7:25-26). This is where Achan would soon go wrong (Joshua 7). God clearly spelled out the consequences for failing to obey His commands concerning Israel’s separation from the pagan practices of the Canaanites (11:16-17). Any Israelite who sought to lead the Israelites away from God to follow other gods was to be put to death (13:1-18).

Let Israel give heed to the lessons of the past and to God’s warnings regarding the future so far as idolatry and immorality are concerned. This is a time when sin must be dealt with decisively. I am reminded of our Lord’s words in the New Testament:

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Do not commit adultery.’ 28 But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to desire her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better to lose one of your members than to have your whole body thrown into hell. 30 If your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better to lose one of your members than to have your whole body go into hell” (Matthew 5:27-30).

THE THIRD ISSUE: THE DANGERS OF APATHY, PRIDE, AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY. There is yet another serious danger for the Israelites as they prepare to possess the Promised Land of Canaan – that they become smug, arrogant, and self-sufficient. In other words, in their prosperity they will be tempted to forget that God is the source of their blessings and begin to take credit themselves:

10 Then when the Lord your God brings you to the land he swore to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—to give you large, excellent cities you did not build, 11 houses filled with choice things you did not provide, hewn out cisterns you did not dig, and vineyards and olive groves you did not plant—and you eat to your satisfaction, 12 be careful lest you forget the Lord who brought you out of Egypt, the place of slavery” (Deuteronomy 6:10-12).

11 “Be very careful lest you forget the Lord your God, not keeping his commandments, ordinances, and statutes that I am giving you today. 12 When you eat to your satisfaction, when you build and occupy good houses, 13 when your cattle and flocks increase, when you have plenty of silver and gold, and when you have abundance of everything, 14 be careful lest you feel self-important and forget the Lord your God who brought you from the land of Egypt, the place of slavery, 15 and who brought you through the great, fearful desert of venomous serpents and scorpions, a thirsty place of no water, bringing forth for you water from flint rock and 16 feeding you in the desert with manna (which your ancestors had never before known) so that he might test you and eventually bring good to you. 17 Be careful lest you say, “My own ability has gotten me this wealth.” 18 You must remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives ability to get wealth; if you do this he will confirm his covenant that he swore to your ancestors, even as he has to this day. 19 Now it will come about that if you forget the Lord your God at all and run after other gods, worshiping and prostrating yourselves before them, I testify to you today that you will be utterly destroyed. 20 Just like the nations the Lord is about to decimate from your sight, so he will do to you because you would not pay attention to him” (Deuteronomy 8:11-20).

Up to this point in time, the Israelites had not experienced what we might call “the good life.” They had come out of slavery in Egypt. They had to live in tents in the desert. They were dependent upon God for their food and water. Their “menu” was almost always the same – manna. They could not settle down to plant crops but were always on the move. They were often threatened by other nations who opposed them. But soon the Israelites would enter the land of Canaan and possess it. They would enjoy vineyards and orchards they did not plant. They would experience God’s material blessings in many new ways. The very real danger was that they would begin to take the credit for these blessings, rather than to be grateful to God, who gave them.

God graciously built in some protective elements. He did not make farming so easy for His people that they would not have to trust and obey Him. God put the Israelites in a land that was dependent upon Him for its rains:

8 Now pay attention to the whole commandment I am giving you today, so that you may be strong enough to enter and possess the land where you are headed, 9 and that you may enjoy long life in the land the Lord swore to give to your ancestors and their descendants, a land flowing with milk and honey. 10 For the land where you are headed as your possession is not like the land of Egypt from which you came, a land where you sowed seed and which you irrigated by hand like a vegetable garden. 11 Rather, the land where you are going as your possession is one of hills and valleys, a land that drinks water from the rains, 12 one the Lord your God looks after. He is constantly attentive to it from the beginning to the end of the year. 13 Now, if you conscientiously attend to my commandment that I am giving you today, that is, to love the Lord your God and to serve him with all your mind and being, 14 then, he says, “I will send the rain of your land in its season, the autumn and the spring rains, so that you may gather in your wheat, new wine, and olive oil. 15 I will provide pasturage for your livestock and you yourself will eat until you are satisfied.” 16 Watch yourselves lest you become deceived and turn to serve and worship other gods! 17 Then the anger of the Lord will boil up against you and he will close up the sky so that it does not rain, the land will not yield its produce, and you will soon die off from the good land that he is about to give you” (Deuteronomy 11:8-17).

Israel was to learn from its past as it looked toward the future. They were reminded that God did not choose them because of their greatness, but because of His sovereign grace:

7 It is not because you were more numerous than all the other peoples that the Lord considered and chose you—for in fact you were the smallest of all peoples— 8 but because of his love for you and his faithfulness to the oath he swore to your ancestors the Lord brought you out with great power, redeeming you from the place of slavery, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt. 9 Therefore, take note that it is the Lord your God who is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant faithfully with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations” (Deuteronomy 7:7-9).

The Israelites were reminded of the humble circumstances from (and through) which God brought them to the Promised Land:

20 “When your children ask you later on, ‘What are the stipulations, statutes, and ordinances that the Lord our God commanded you?,’ 21 you must say to them, ‘We were Pharaoh’s slaves in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt in a powerful way. 22 And he brought signs and great, devastating wonders on Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on his whole family before our very eyes. 23 He delivered us from there so that he could enable us to have the land he had promised our ancestors’” (Deuteronomy 6:20-23).

1 “When the time comes for you to enter the land that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, and you occupy it and live in it, 2 you must take the first of all the ground’s produce you harvest from the land the Lord your God is giving you, place it in a basket, and go to the place where he has chosen to locate his name. 3 You must go to the priest in office at that time and say to him, “I declare today to the Lord your God that I have come into the land that the Lord swore to our ancestors to give us.” 4 The priest will then take the basket from you and set it before the altar of the Lord your God. 5 And you must affirm before the Lord, “A wandering Aramean was my ancestor, and he went down to Egypt and lived there as a foreigner with a household few in number; but there he became a great, powerful, and numerous people. 6 But the Egyptians mistreated and oppressed us, assigning us burdensome labor” (Deuteronomy 26:1-6).

The Israelites were to remember how God brought them through adversity and need, in order to teach them to trust and obey:

1 “You must keep carefully the entire commandment I am giving you today so that you may live, multiply, and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised to your ancestors. 2 Remember the whole way by which he has brought you these forty years through the desert so that he might, by humbling you, test to see whether deep within yourselves you would keep his commandments or not. 3 So he humbled you by making you hungry and feeding you with unfamiliar manna to make you understand that mankind cannot live by food alone, but also by everything that comes from the Lord’s mouth. 4 Your clothing did not wear out nor did your feet swell all these forty years. 5 Be keenly aware that just as a human being disciplines his child, the Lord your God disciplines you. 6 Thus, you must keep his commandments, that is, walk according to his ways and revere him. 7 For the Lord your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of brooks, springs, and fountains flowing forth in valleys and hills, 8 a land of wheat, barley, vines, fig trees, and pomegranates, of olive trees and honey, 9 a land where you may eat food in plenty and find no lack of anything, a land whose stones are iron and from whose hills you can mine copper. 10 You will eat and drink and then bless the Lord your God because of the good land he will have given you” (Deuteronomy 8:1-10).

Israel’s blessings were not the result of her faithfulness to God, but the result of God’s faithfulness to His people, as He kept His covenant promises:

4 “Do not think to yourself after the Lord your God has run them out before you, ‘Because of my own righteousness the Lord has enabled me to possess this land, and because of the wickedness of these nations he is dispossessing them from before me.’ 5 It is not because of your righteousness, or even your inner uprightness, that you have come to possess their land. Instead, because of the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God is expelling them before you in order to confirm the promise he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 6 Understand, therefore, that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is about to give you this good land as a possession, for you are a stubborn people!” (Deuteronomy 9:4-6)

To help the Israelites remember their past and the wondrous ways that God blessed them, God gave them a number of memorials. The annual celebration of the Passover reminded the Israelites of the way God had delivered them from their slavery in Egypt. The Feast of Booths (or Temporary Shelters) reminded the Israelites of the years they (or their forefathers) spent in the wilderness, dependent on God for their every need (16:13-17; 31:10-13). They were never to forget their humble beginnings and the true source of their blessings and prosperity.

It is true to say that the blessings the Israelites experienced from the hand of God were in spite of Israel’s sins. Time after time the Israelites provoked the Lord to anger:

6 Understand, therefore, that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is about to give you this good land as a possession, for you are a stubborn people! 7 Remember—don’t ever forget—how you provoked the Lord your God in the desert; from the time you left Egypt until you came to this place you were constantly rebelling against him” (Deuteronomy 9:6-7; see also 9:8—10:11).

In spite of all these lessons from the past, the Israelites will disregard them and become smugly self-sufficient and arrogant. Through Moses, God warns the Israelites about the future, assuring them that they will fail to heed these words of warning and instruction, spelling out the consequences for their sin. The first warning is found in Leviticus 26. The first warning about the future in Deuteronomy is found in chapter 4:

25 “After you have produced children and grandchildren and have been in the land a long time, if you become corrupted and make an image of any kind and do other evil things before the Lord your God that enrage him, 26 I invoke heaven and earth as witnesses against you today that you will surely and swiftly be destroyed from the very land you are about to cross the Jordan to possess. You will not last long there because you will be totally devastated. 27 Then the Lord will scatter you among the peoples and there will be very few of you in the nations where the Lord will drive you. 28 There you will worship gods made by human hands—wood and stone that can neither see, hear, eat, nor smell. 29 But if you seek the Lord your God from there, you will find him, if, indeed, you seek him with all your heart and soul. 30 In your distress when all these things happen to you in the latter days, if you return to the Lord your God and listen to him 31 (for he is a merciful God), he will not let you down or destroy you, for he cannot forget the covenant with your ancestors that he swore to them” (Deuteronomy 4:25-31).

There is a lengthy pronouncement of blessings and cursings in the closing chapters of Deuteronomy. In chapter 27, the Israelites erect stones on which the law was inscribed. Half of the people gathered on Mount Gerizim, where they proclaimed God’s covenant blessings. The other half gathered on Mount Ebal, where the curses of the covenant were proclaimed by the Levites, and all must acknowledge them by saying, “Amen.” (Notice that in 27:14-26 only the cursings are enumerated specifically.)

In chapter 28, the first 14 verses outline the blessings that God will shower upon His people if they obey the Lord by keeping His commandments. The remaining verses (54 of them) describe the curses which will come upon the Israelites for disobeying God’s commandments. The proportions certainly reflect the fact that the Israelites will not obey God’s commandments and will experience these curses. Israel’s disobedience is a certainty, as is its outcome:

47 “Because you have not served the Lord your God joyfully and wholeheartedly with the abundance of everything you have, 48 instead in hunger, thirst, nakedness, and lack of everything you will serve your enemies whom the Lord will send against you. They will place an iron yoke on your neck until they have destroyed you. 49 The Lord will raise up a distant nation against you, one from the other side of the earth as the eagle flies, a nation whose language you will not understand, 50 a nation of stern appearance that will have no regard for the elderly or consideration for the young. 51 They will devour the offspring of your cattle and the produce of your soil until you are destroyed. They will not leave you with grain, new wine, olive oil, increased herds, or larger flocks until they have demolished you. 52 They will besiege all of your villages until all of your high and fortified walls collapse—those in which you put your confidence throughout the land. They will put under siege all your gates in all parts of the land the Lord your God has given you. 53 You will then eat your own offspring, the flesh of the sons and daughters the Lord your God has given you, because of the stressful siege in which your enemies will constrict you… . 64 The Lord will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. There you will worship other gods that neither you nor your ancestors have known, gods of wood and stone. 65 Among those nations you will have no rest nor will there be a place of peaceful rest for the soles of your feet, for there the Lord will give you an anxious heart, failing eyesight, and a spirit of despair. 66 Your life will hang in doubt before you; you will be terrified by night and day and will have no certainty of surviving from one day to the next. 67 In the morning you will say, ‘If only it were evening!’ And in the evening you will say, ‘I wish it were morning!’ because of the things you will fear and the things you will see. 68 Then the Lord will make you return to Egypt by ship, over a route I said to you that you would never see again. There you will sell yourselves to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one will buy you” (Deuteronomy 28:47-53, 64-68).

Chapters 28-30 of Deuteronomy are the key to understanding the history of Israel from the time they enter the land of Canaan. It outlines the consequences for disregarding God and His commandments. It also prescribes the cure for these curses:

1 “Now when all these things happen to you—the blessing and the curse I have set before you—and you remember them in all the nations where the Lord your God has exiled you, 2 if you turn to the Lord your God and listen to him just as I am commanding you today—you and your descendants—with your whole mind and being, 3 then the Lord your God will reverse your captivity and have pity on you. He will turn and gather you from all the peoples among whom he has scattered you. 4 Even if any of your dispersed are under the most distant skies, from there the Lord your God will gather and bring you back. 5 Then he will bring you to the land your ancestors possessed and you also will possess it; he will do better for you and multiply you more than he did your ancestors. 6 The Lord your God will also cleanse your heart and the hearts of your descendants so that you may love him with all your mind and being, in order to live. 7 Then the Lord your God will put all these curses on your enemies, on those who hate you and persecute you. 8 You will return and pay attention to the Lord, keeping all his commandments I am giving you today. 9 The Lord your God will make the labor of your hands abundantly successful—in your offspring, the offspring of your cattle, and the crops of your fields. For the Lord your God will once more rejoice over you for good just as he rejoiced over your ancestors, 10 if you obey the Lord your God and keep his commandments and statutes that are written in this book of the law, that is, if you turn to him with your whole mind and being” (Deuteronomy 30:1-10).

Moses concludes by presenting the Israelites with a choice, urging them to choose to trust and obey God:

11 “For this commandment that I am giving you today is not too awesome for you, nor is it too remote. 12 It is not in heaven, as though one must say, “Who will go up to heaven to get it for us so that we may hear and obey it?” 13 And it is not across the sea, as though one must say, “Who will cross over to the other side of the sea and get it for us so that we may hear and keep it?” 14 For the thing is very near you—it is in your mouth and mind so that you can do it. 15 “Look! I have set before you today life and prosperity on the one hand, and death and disaster on the other. 16 What I am commanding you today is to love the Lord your God, to walk in his ways, and to obey his commandments, his statutes, and his ordinances. Then you will live and become numerous and the Lord your God will bless you in the land where you are going to take possession of it. 17 However, if you turn aside and do not obey, but are lured away to worship and serve other gods, 18 I declare to you this very day that you will certainly perish! You will not extend your time in the land you are crossing the Jordan River to possess. 19 I invoke heaven and earth as a witness against you today that I have set life and death, blessing and curse, before you. Therefore choose life so that you may live—you and your descendants! 20 I also call on you to love the Lord your God, to obey him and cling to him, for he is your life and the means of your longevity as you live in the land the Lord swore to give to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob” (Deuteronomy 30:11-20).

Conclusion

The Book of Deuteronomy concludes with the “song of Moses” in chapter 32, a blessing pronounced by Moses (chapter 33), and a description of the death of Moses (chapter 34). One might conclude that the Book of Deuteronomy ends in a very depressing way. Even before the Israelites have set foot in the Promised Land, they are told that they will fail and that they will be cast out of the land. Where is the “good news” in all of this? Consider the following truths that we find in the Book of Deuteronomy.

First, God has given man a choice to serve God and live, or to disobey and die:

15 “Look! I have set before you today life and prosperity on the one hand, and death and disaster on the other. 16 What I am commanding you today is to love the Lord your God, to walk in his ways, and to obey his commandments, his statutes, and his ordinances. Then you will live and become numerous and the Lord your God will bless you in the land where you are going to take possession of it. 17 However, if you turn aside and do not obey, but are lured away to worship and serve other gods, 18 I declare to you this very day that you will certainly perish! You will not extend your time in the land you are crossing the Jordan River to possess. 19 I invoke heaven and earth as a witness against you today that I have set life and death, blessing and curse, before you. Therefore choose life so that you may live—you and your descendants! 20 I also call on you to love the Lord your God, to obey him and cling to him, for he is your life and the means of your longevity as you live in the land the Lord swore to give to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob” (Deuteronomy 30:15-20).

Second, the Book of Deuteronomy makes it clear that, left to himself, man can never merit God’s blessings on the basis of law-keeping. The problem with man is that he is fallen and he does not have a heart to serve God:

28 “When the Lord heard you speaking to me he said to me, ‘I have heard all that these people have said to you—they have spoken well. 29 If only it would really be their desire to fear me and keep all my commandments forever, so that it may go well with them and their descendants eternally’” (Deuteronomy 5:28-29).

But to this very day the Lord has not given you an understanding mind, perceptive eyes, or discerning ears! (Deuteronomy 29:4)

Third, the Israelites, left to themselves, will only bring divine judgment upon themselves.

16 And the Lord said to Moses, “You are about to die, and then these people will begin to prostitute themselves with the foreign gods of the land into which they are going. They will leave me and break my covenant that I have made with them. 17 On that day my anger will flare up against them and I will leave them and hide myself from them until they are devoured. Many hurts and distresses will overcome them so that they will say at that time, ‘Have not these difficulties overcome us because God is not among us?’ 18 But I will certainly hide myself on that day because of all the wickedness they will have done by turning to other gods. 18 But I will certainly hide myself on that day because of all the wickedness they will have done by turning to other gods. 19 Now compose for yourselves the following song and teach it to the Israelites—put it into their very mouths!—so that this song may serve me as a witness against the Israelites. 20 For after I have brought them to the land I promised to their ancestors—one flowing with milk and honey—and they eat and become satisfied and fat, then they will turn to other gods to worship them and will reject me and break my covenant… . 29 For I know that after I die you will totally corrupt yourselves and turn away from the path I have commanded you to walk. Disaster will confront you in the days to come because you will act wickedly before the Lord, inciting him to wrath because of your works” (Deuteronomy 31:16-20, 29).

Fourth, Israel’s blessings will only come to pass on the basis of God’s grace and His faithfulness to His covenant promises:

6 The Lord your God will also cleanse your heart and the hearts of your descendants so that you may love him with all your mind and being, in order to live. 7 Then the Lord your God will put all these curses on your enemies, on those who hate you and persecute you. 8 You will return and pay attention to the Lord, keeping all his commandments I am giving you today” (Deuteronomy 30:6-8).

39 “See now that I, indeed I, am he!” says the Lord,
“and there is no other god besides me.
I am the one who kills and brings to life.
I smash and I heal,
and none can deliver from my power.
40 For I raise up my hand to heaven,
and say, ‘As I live forever,
41 I will sharpen my lightning-like sword,
and my hand will grasp hold of judgment;
I will execute vengeance on my foes,
and repay those who hate me!
42 I will satisfy my arrows fully with blood,
and my sword will eat flesh;
with the blood of the slaughtered and captured,
from the chief of the enemy’s leaders!’”
43 Cry out, O nations, with his people,
for he will avenge his servants’ blood;
he will direct vengeance against his enemies,
and make atonement for his land and people (Deuteronomy 32:39-43, emphasis mine).

26 There is no one like God, O Jeshurun,
riding the heavens to help you,
and in his lofty clouds.
27 The everlasting God is a dwelling place,
and underneath are eternal arms;
he has driven out enemies before you,
and he has said, “Destroy!”
28 Israel lives in safety,
the fountain of Jacob quite secure,
in a land of grain and new wine;
indeed, its heavens rain down dew.
29 Most happy are you, Israel—who is like you?
A people delivered by the Lord,
your helpful shield
and your exalted sword;
may your enemies cringe before you,
but may you trample on their backs (Deuteronomy 33:26-29).

At this point in time, the warnings that are so clear and emphatic in Deuteronomy are not taken seriously enough, in spite of Moses’ best efforts. This moment in time is very much like a wedding ceremony. Everyone is happy, and the couple feels so much in love. As a preacher and an elder of a local church, I know all too well that time will present these newlyweds with many challenges. I know that some of the weddings at which I officiate will end up in failed marriages. I also know what it is that will destroy them. I instruct, I warn, and I encourage those being married to carry out God’s instructions, yet I know that many marriages will not survive because of sin and disobedience.

How much easier it is to understand Moses’ words in Deuteronomy from our vantage point. We understand that the Law of Moses was not given to save men, but as a standard of holiness that no man can meet:

19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world may be held accountable to God. 20 For no one is declared righteous before him by the works of the law, for through the law comes the knowledge of sin (Romans 3:19-20).

Only one person has ever fulfilled the Law completely – the Lord Jesus Christ:

15 For we do not have a high priest incapable of sympathizing with our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted in every way just as we are, yet without sin… . 26 For it is indeed fitting for us to have such a high priest: holy, innocent, undefiled, separate from sinners, and exalted above the heavens (Hebrews 4:15; 7:26; see also Matthew 5:17-18; 27:4Luke 23:4, 14, 22; 23:47John 7:19; 8:461 Peter 1:18-29).

It was His death in the sinner’s place that made salvation possible. He bore the penalty we deserve as sinners; His righteousness is imputed to all those who trust in Him. It is in Christ and Christ alone that the requirements of the Law have been satisfied.

3 For God achieved what the law could not do because it was weakened through the flesh. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and concerning sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 so that the righteous requirement of the law may be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit (Romans 8:3-4).

This is what the prophet Jeremiah foretold:

31 “Indeed, a time is coming,” says the Lord, “when I will make a new agreement with the people of Israel and Judah. 32 It will not be like the old agreement that I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and led them out of Egypt. For they violated that agreement, even though I was a faithful husband to them,” says the Lord. 33 “But I will make a new agreement with the whole nation of Israel after I plant them back in the land,” says the Lord. “I will put my law within them and write it on their hearts and minds. And I will be their God and they will be my people. 34 “People will no longer need to teach their neighbors and relatives to know me. That is because all of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me,” says the Lord. “All of this is based on the fact that I will forgive their sin and will no longer call to mind the wrong they have done” (Jeremiah 31:31-34).

It is also what the Apostle Paul proclaimed as the gospel in the Book of Romans. Taking up the words of Deuteronomy 30, Paul writes:

4 For Christ is the end of the law, with the result that there is righteousness for everyone who believes. 5 For Moses writes about the righteousness that is by the law: “The one who does these things will live by them.” 6 But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” (that is, to bring Christ down) 7 or “Who will descend into the abyss?” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). 8 But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith that we preach), 9 because if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes and thus has righteousness and with the mouth one confesses and thus has salvation. 11 For the scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between the Jew and the Greek, for the same Lord is Lord of all, who richly blesses all who call on him. 13 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved (Romans 10:4-13).

No wonder the Book of Deuteronomy is so often quoted in the New Testament. It foretells the history of the nation Israel. It lays the foundation for the gospel message. It calls upon men and women to trust in God and to obey His Word. It points to the salvation which Jesus Christ, Israel’s Messiah, will bring.

Moses called upon the second generation of Israelites to enter into a covenant relationship with God, just as the first generation had done. New Testament saints do not live under the old covenant, but rather under the new, but we must embrace the New Covenant in order to enter into its blessings. This we do by faith in Jesus Christ. In our church, we celebrate and remember the New Covenant each week by the celebration of the Lord’s Table (communion).

To many, the Book of Deuteronomy is a book of duty and obligation. While this is true, I want to remind you that “love” is emphasized in this book as well. It is not a teeth-gritting kind of obedience that God desires, but an obedience prompted by love:

12 Now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you except to fear him, to walk in all his ways, to love him, and to serve him with all your mind and being? 13 Keep the commandments and statutes of the Lord that I am commanding you today for your own good. 14 The heavens, indeed the highest heavens, belong to the Lord your God, as does the earth and everything in it. 15 However, only your ancestors did he decide to select, and he chose you, their descendants after them, from all peoples—as is apparent today. 16 Therefore, cleanse your heart and stop being so stubborn! 17 For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God and awesome warrior who is unbiased and takes no bribe, 18 who acts justly toward orphan and widow, and who loves resident foreigners, giving them food and clothing. 19 You, therefore, love the resident foreigner because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. 20 Revere the Lord your God, serve him, cleave to him and take oaths only in his name. 21 He is the object of your praise and your God, the one who has done these great and awesome things for you that you have seen. 22 Your ancestors went down to Egypt as only seventy people but now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars of the sky” (Deuteronomy 10:12-22).

The Book of Deuteronomy reminds us that every generation must enter into a covenant relationship with God. It is not enough that your mother or father trusted in Jesus Christ for salvation; you must personally embrace Christ’s work on the cross of Calvary for the forgiveness of your sins, and for the gift of eternal life. If you have not done so, I urge you to do it this very moment. Simply acknowledge your sins, and that Jesus Christ bore the penalty for your sins on the cross of Calvary. Believe that God raised Him from the dead, and that in Him, and Him alone, you have eternal life. This choice is a simple one, but it is a matter of life and death.


134 Henrietta C. Mears, What the Bible Is All About (Ventura, California: Regal Books, revised edition, 1983), p. 75.

136 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are from the NET Bible. The NEW ENGLISH TRANSLATION, also known as THE NET BIBLE, is a completely new translation of the Bible, not a revision or an update of a previous English version. It was completed by more than twenty biblical scholars who worked directly from the best currently available Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts. The translation project originally started as an attempt to provide an electronic version of a modern translation for electronic distribution over the Internet and on CD (compact disk). Anyone anywhere in the world with an Internet connection will be able to use and print out the NET Bible without cost for personal study. In addition, anyone who wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them away free to others. It is available on the Internet at:www.netbible.org.

138 There was a very great difference between the “worship” of the people before the golden calf and that of the elders on the mountain. The people not only ate and drank, they “rose up to play” (32:6). This term “play”refers to illicit and immoral sex play. The same expression is used inGenesis 26:8, where Abimelech “looked out through a window, and saw, and behold, Isaac was caressing his wife Rebekah” (emphasis mine). Thus, this “worship” had turned into an orgy./docs/ot/books/exo/deffin/exo-25.htm

 

Related Topics: Dispensational / Covenantal TheologyLaw

https://bible.org/seriespage/13-israel-s-covenant-renewal-deuteronomy

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See also

Ark of the Covenant

THE SIGN AND THE SEAL 
by Graham Hancock

Now that the formalities were over I got straight to the point. Gesturing in the direction of the building that loomed in shadowy outline behind us, I said: ‘I have heard of an Ethiopian tradition that the Ark of the Covenant is kept here… in this chapel. I have also heard that you are the guardian of the Ark. Are these things true?’

‘They are true.’

‘But in other countries nobody believes these stories. Few know about your traditions anyway, but those who do say that they are false.’

‘People may believe what they wish. People may say what they wish. Nevertheless we do possess the sacred Tabot, that is to say the Ark of the Covenant, and I am its guardian…’

‘Let me be clear about this,’ I interjected. ‘Are you referring to the original Ark of the Covenant – the box made of wood and gold in which the Ten Commandments were placed by the prophet Moses?’

‘Yes. God Himself inscribed the ten words of the law upon two tablets of stone. Moses then placed these tablets inside the Ark of the Covenant – which afterwards accompanied the Israelites during their wanderings in the wilderness and their conquest of the Promised Land. It brought them victory wherever they went and made them a great people. At last, when its work was done, King Solomon placed it in the Holy of Holies of the Temple that he had built in Jerusalem. And from there, not long afterwards, it was removed and brought to Ethiopia…’

‘Tell me how this happened,’ I asked. ‘What I know of your traditions is only that the Queen of Sheba is supposed to have been an Ethiopian monarch. The legends I have read say that when she made her famous journey to Jerusalem she was impregnated by King Solomon and bore him a son – a royal prince – who in later years stole the Ark…’

The monk sighed. ‘The name of the prince you are speaking of was Menelik – which in our language means “the son of the wise man”. Although he was conceived in Jerusalem he was born in Ethiopia where the Queen of Sheba had returned after discovering that she was carrying Solomon’s child. When he had sign and the sealreached the age of twenty, Menelik himself travelled from Ethiopia to Israel and arrived at his father’s court. There he was instantly recognized and accorded great honour. After a year had passed, however, the elders of the land became jealous of him. They complained that Solomon showed him too much favour and they insisted that he must go back to Ethiopia. This the king accepted on the condition that the first-born sons of all the elders should also be sent to accompany him. Amongst these latter was Azarius, son of Zadok the High Priest of Israel, and it was Azarius, not Menelik, who stole the Ark of the Covenant from its place in the Holy of Holies in the Temple. Indeed the group of young men did not reveal the theft to Menelik until they were far away from Jerusalem. When at last they told him what they had done he understood that they could not have succeeded in so bold a venture unless God had willed it. Therefore he agreed that the Ark should remain with them. And it was thus that it was brought to Ethiopia, to this sacred city… and here it has remained ever since.’

‘And are you telling me that this legend is literally true?’

‘It is not a legend. It is history.’

‘How can you be so sure of that?’

‘Because I am the guardian. I know the nature of the object that has been placed in my care.’

We sat in silence for a few moments while I adjusted my mind to the calm and rational way in which the monk had told me these bizarre and impossible things. Then I asked him how and why he had been appointed to his position. He replied that it was a great honour that he should have been chosen, that he had been nominated with the last words of his predecessor, and that when he himself lay on his death-bed his turn would come to nominate his own successor.

‘What qualities will you look for in that man?’

‘Love of God, purity of heart, cleanliness of mind and body.’

‘Other than you,’ I asked next, ‘is anyone else allowed to see the Ark?’

‘No. I alone may see it.’

‘So does that mean that it is never brought out of the sanctuary chapel?’

The guardian paused for a long while before answering this question. Then, finally, he told me that in the very distant past the relic had been brought out during all the most important church festivals. More recently its use in religious processions had been limited to just one occasion a year. That occasion was the ceremony known as Timkat which took place every January.

‘So if I come back next January will I have a chance of seeing the Ark?’

sign and the sealThe monk looked at me in a way that I found strangely disconcerting and then said: ‘You must know that there is turmoil and civil war in the land… Our government is evil, the people oppose it, and the fighting comes closer every day. In such circumstances it is unlikely that the true Ark will be used again in the ceremonies. 

We cannot risk the possibility that any harm might come to something so precious … Besides, even in time of peace you would not be able to see it. It is my responsibility to wrap it entirely in thick cloths before it is carried in the processions…’

‘Why do you wrap it?’

‘To protect the laity from it.’

I remember asking my interpreter to clarify the translation of this last puzzling remark: had the monk really meant ‘to protect the laity from it’? Or had he meant ‘to protect it from the laity’? It was some time before I got my answer. ‘To protect the laity from it. The Ark is powerful.’


sign and the seal

A great mystery of the Bible

 

In early Old Testament times the Ark of the Covenant was worshipped by the Israelites as the embodiment of God Himself, as the sign and the seal of His presence on earth, as the stronghold of His power, and as the instrument of His ineffable will. Built to contain the tablets of stone upon which the Ten Commandments had been written, it was a wooden chest measuring three feet nine inches long by two feet three inches high and wide. It was lined inside and out with pure gold and was surmounted by two winged figures of cherubim that faced each other across its heavy golden lid. Biblical and other archaic sources speak of the Ark blazing with fire and light, inflicting cancerous tumours and severe burns, levelling mountains, stopping rivers, blasting whole armies and laying waste cities. The same sources also leave no doubt that it was, for a very long time, the cornerstone of the evolving Jewish faith: indeed when King Solomon built the First Temple in Jerusalem his sole motive was to create ‘an house of rest for the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord’. At some unknown date between the tenth and the sixth century BC, however, this uniquely precious and puissant object vanished from its place in the Holy of Holies of that Temple, vanished without song or lamentation in the Scriptures – almost as though it had never existed at all. The evidence suggests that it was already long gone when the armies of Nebuchadnezzar burned Jerusalem in 587 BC. Certainly it was not in the Second Temple which was built over the ruins of the First after the Jews had returned from their exile in Babylon in 538 BC. Neither does it seem to have been taken as booty by the Babylonians. Indeed so. A close reading of the Old Testament reveals more than two hundred separate references to the Ark of the Covenant up until the time of Solomon (970-931 BC); after the reign of that wise and splendid king it is almost never mentioned again. And this, surely, is the central problem, the real historical enigma: not, human nature being what it is, that an immensely valuable golden chest should go missing, but – given its supreme religious significance – that it should go missing amidst such a deafening, improbable silence. Like a black hole in space, or a negative photographic image, it is identifiable in the later books of the Old Testament only by what it is not – it is, in short, conspicuous only by its absence. From this it seems reasonable to suggest that some sort of cover-up may have taken place – a cover-up devised by priests and scribes to ensure that the whereabouts of the sacred relic would remain forever a secret. If so then it is a secret that many have tried to penetrate – a secret that has inspired several treasure-hunting expeditions (all of which have failed) and also one enormously successful Hollywood fantasy, Raiders of the Lost Ark, which was first released in the USA and Europe in 1981 with Harrison Ford in the starring role as Indiana Jones. I was living in Kenya at the time and had no opportunity to see the film until it finally arrived in Nairobi’s cinemas early in 1983. I enjoyed the combination of action, adventure and archaeology and I remember thinking what a sensation it would be if someone were really to find the Ark. Then, only a few months later, I made an extended visit to Ethiopia during which I travelled to the north-west of the war-torn province of Tigray. It was there, in Axum – the so-called ‘sacred city of the Ethiopians’  – that I had my encounter with the guardian monk reported earlier in this chapter.

                               The Sign and the Seal

 

Writing in 1987, Richard Elliott Friedman, Professor of Hebrew and Comparative Religion at the University of California, expressed a view shared by many scholars when he described the disappearance of the sacred relic as ‘one of the great mysteries of the Bible’:

sign and the sealThere is no report that the Ark was carried away or destroyed or hidden. There is not even any comment such as ‘And then the Ark disappeared and we do not know what happened to it’ or ‘And no one knows where it is to this day’. The most important object in the world, in the biblical view, simply ceases to be in the story.’

http://www.selamta.net/Ark%20of%20the%20Covenant.htm

 

 

Exploring the name Jesus

What was Jesus Christ‘s real name?

 

7 ANSWERS
John Bartram

The forename of the divine man is not provided in any medium – manuscript, mosaic, inscription, fresco, or coin – for at least four centuries.

Instead, abbreviations are used, which Christians like to term Nomina sacra: “sacred names” in Latinand refers to the Christian scribal practice of abbreviating several frequently occurring divine names or titles, especially in Greek manuscripts of Holy Scripture. A nomen sacrum consists of two or more letters from the original word spanned by an overline.

During that period, no explanation was offered.

This abbreviation is most commonly, in English “IS”.

The same situation applies to the title applied to the abbreviation. All the early examples are also abbreviations, then “Chrest” appears, including in the original, earliest New Testament; this was later altered to read “Christ”:

What could “IS” mean? James – as in James the Righteous Teacher, perhaps. Julius, as in Julius Caesar, theFlamen Divi Julii ?

Or Izas whose birth in 1 CE, according to the 1st-century chronicles of Josephus, was heralded with an angelic annunciation.

Nobody knows. All we can say, is that very much later, the name became Jesus and the title changed toChrist. That is when Christianity was created.

Some further thoughts:

In the cemetery of Callisto:

In Phrygia:

Some famous Romans in 37 CE:

Jaime Harlow

 

 

Nope – not Aramaic nor Hebrew – it originates in Alexandrian Greek (Koine Greek) of the Septuagint.

From the Koine Greek (Alexandrian Greek) Ἰησοῦς  –  Iēsous (silent ‘s’).   The Latin spelling was ‘Iesos‘,  English spelling, once the letter ‘J’ became part of the alphabet, for Iēsous is “Jesus.”  The name “Χριστός,christós (transcribed in Latin as ‘christus’), was later transliterated as ‘christ’.  His name was Yeshu; it was later poor translations that altered the spelling and meaning.

The addition of “Christ to the name is problematic for a number of reasons I will explain below.  According to Matt 26: 63-64, when the High Priest asked Yeshu “are you  the Χριστός (= Messiah), the son of God? Yeshu said to him: “you said it”— an evasive answer. However, according to Peter, Yeshu replied in the affirmative: “I am” (Mk 14: 62).  Hence, the honorific of ‘Χριστός was added to Yeshu’s Hebrew name.

But there is a 1st century ceramic bowl that was dug up in Alexandria [Bowl C1-3557] which was a peculiar inscription on it.  

 

 

 

 

 

This bowl was discovered on the IEASM archaeological mission in the Portus Magnus of Alexandria in May 2008, close to the modern Corniche, at the foot of the peninsula that stretches towards the island ofAntirhodos on the former coastline now submerged.  Bowl C1-3557 was found in an even context of the first half of the 1st century CE, associated with oriental sigillated, thin-walled goblets and imported culinary ceramic.  This thin-walled ceramic, however, dates back to the 1st century BCE.  It is a careened cup with handles, well preserved. Close forms are present in Pergamon, for production between the late 2nd century BCE and the early 1st century CE.  

Bearing in mind the technical characteristics and type of this specimen, this jug very likely comes from a workshop in the west  of Asia Minor. This bowl is engraved with DIA CHRSTOU O GOISTAIS made after baking as the incisions have taken away the slip.  This inscription is enigmatic; it dates back either to the 1st century BCE (dating of the ceramic) or the first half of the 1st century CE (dating of the occupation) and offers different hypotheses of interpretation.  

According to the interpretation of Professor André Bernand, Professor emeritus of French Universities,Goistais is a mistaken translation of goes, the “goet”, that is, the “magicianthe sorcererthe charmer, themagus”.  This hypothesis becomes even more interesting as the expression introduced by “dia” is typical of these ‘casters of chance‘ and ‘soothsayers‘ well-known by the classical texts.  According to this supposition, the writing could then be translated either as “by ChrestosChristos the magician”, or “the magician by Chrestos/ Christos”.   Chrestos is a widely accepted name in Greek onomastics, chrestos or christos is the Greek word that translates the Hebrew māšīah, “messia”, “Christ” of the Christians.

Pr. André Bernand, teaches that the goet would refer to Yeshu-Christ to legitimize his magic abilities.  Transformation of water into wine, multiplication of loafs, miraculous curing, resurrection, etc.  The story of Christ provided fodder for the magician who could find (mythical) precedents to his questions and concerns.  Using the term “Christ” to support a magical practice does not mean belonging to the Christian religion.  A pagan might appeal to the Christian God, new to them, simply because of his strangeness and the power attributed to him.  Christianity never evolved in isolation.  All of these forms of religiousness came into magical practices that seduced both the humble layers of the population and the most well-off classes.  It was in Alexandria where new religious constructions were made to propose solutions to the problem of man, of God’s world.  Cults of Isis, mysteries of Mithra, early Christianity bear witness to this.

In Islam, he is called Īsā ibn Maryām (عيسى بن مريم‎).  al-Masīḥ, which translates to “the Messiah” does not correspond to the Christian meaning of Messiah; Islam’s meaning is closer to those of Judaism.  Islam regards all prophets, including Yeshu, to be mortal and without any share in divinity.  Muslim exegetes explain the use of the word masīh in the Quran as referring to Yeshu’s status as the one anointed by means of blessings and honors; or as the one who helped nurse the sick, or by anointing the eyes of the blind.  Islam does not refer to Yeshu as ‘christ’ as some would have you believe.

Jews, naturally, have a very different view of his name.  According to the Talmud Bavli (Sanhedrin 43a) the name Yeshu (ישו) is generally believed to be an acronym for 
י = Yimaḥ    ש = Shĕmo     ו =  Wezikhro = meaning: 

May his name and memory be stricken out.

Eric Stoltz

 

 

Jesus is the Latinized form of Yeshua, יֵשׁוּעַ , a Hebrew/Aramaic name that translates as “God Saves.”

Lorri Robinson

 

 

People in the time of Jesus were known locally by their given name and their father’s name, so  he would have been called Yeshu’a bin Yosef, Yeshu’a son of Yosef. If he left his home town (Nazareth, or Notzri) he’d have been called Yeshu’a ha Notzri, Yeshu’a of Nazareth, because every other person in Jerusalem was a son of some Yosef or the other.

So his “full” name would have been Yeshu’a bin Yosef ha Notzri. (“bin” not “ben” because he would have spoken Aramaic, not Hebrew.)

Yeshu’a is a contraction of the proper name Yehoshua, Joshua.

Al Klein

 

 

Men were given a name followed by “son of” and their father’s name, so he would have been called Yeshua ben Yosuf.  He wasn’t considered the Messiah by Christians until, at the very earliest, the second century.  During his life he was just another rabbi (which meant teacher in those days – religious leaders were priests).

Marty Johnston

 

 

Probably some form of Joshua: Yehoshua, Yeshua, etc. probably with a of Nazereth and maybe a ben Yosef in there.

 

Other answers have Jesus covered, so I will just mention the Christ is a title from Hebrew meaning Messiah (anointed one).