Tag Archives: Prayer

links to some Black History posts on this blog.

 

 

 

Click the links below to view the posts.

Think You Can’t Research Your African American Family History? Think Again.

Using DNA to find the common ancestor — The Genealogy Corner

Who do you think you are magazine link. Tracing ancestors worldwide

African ancestry with link to African ancestry DNA site

Analysing trans-atlantic DNA results

The Story in My DNA

My carribean african ancestry DNA

 

Ethnic Origins of Jamaican Runaway Slaves

Haitian DNA Results

 

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AFRICAN🌟 DIASPORA (NEVER🌍FORGET) ONLINE 💻 ENCYCLOPEDIA!AFRICAN DIASPORA (NEVERFORGET) ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA!

Historical black figures in Europe and beyond

Links to the slave databases available online

First World War records of service

 

AMER’ICAN, noun A native of America; originally applied to the aboriginals, or copper-colored races, found here by the Europeans. Link below

The slave population of the United States from 1815

In Our Cities: From Slavery to Real Estate Mogul, Biddy Mason Leaves Her Mark on Los Angeles

 

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Inspirational black historical figures and quotes

Harriet Ann Jacob’s incidents in the life of a slave girl

The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

Olaudah Equiano – life on board – A slaves account

Who the Moors really were.

When Black Men Ruled the World: 8 Things The Moors Brought to Europe – Atlanta Black Star

 

Efik people

GA PEOPLE: GHANA`S TRIBE THAT HAS MAINTAINED ITS AFRICAN TRADITIONS AND CULTURE IN THE MIDST OF WESTERN INFLUENCE IN THE CAPITAL CITY,ACCRA.

Ga Naming patten

The tribe of Ga

The Igbo tribe

Igbo people in Jamaica

 

Stunning pictures of African tribes from “The African Way”

Benin trade and art

Rice production in Nigeria

Nigerian Results (Ancestry DNA)

Road tripping across Nigeria: A Photo Essay — The Five to Nine Traveller

Tracing Cameroon Roots

The Lemba Bantu tribe in South Africa

History And Legacy Of South Africa’s Legendary Warrior, Shaka Zulu. — African Paradise World

Sahel / Interior

PEOPLE OF THE WATER: THE LIBINZA OF THE ISLANDS OF THE NGIRI RIVER, DEMOCRATIC REPUPLIC OF THE CONGO – Part 2: THE WATER..

African ancestry with link to African ancestry DNA site

 

Israelite Tribes

The East African Israelites of Zanjiland

The Bantu Branch of ‘Africans’ are Hebrew Israelites PART I of II

History And Legacy Of Haile Selassie I — African Paradise World

THE YORUBA AND OTHER HEBREW ISRAELITES OF NIGERIA

The tribes Benjamin & Judah

THE HEBREW ISRAELITES AND THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE CONNECTION

“BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES “BY ANGELFIRE.COM

Black History Pt 3: The True Identity of the West African Slaves PT 3

Found Biblical heritage of Black Americans Historical Evidence They Are Hebrews ( New Videos Added )

The Igbo and Hebrew Jewish practises.

Exploration of The Hebrews descended from the tribe of GADExploration of The Hebrews descended from the tribe of GAD

Israel’s Covenant Renewal Deuteronomy

 

Developing a connection with your spirit

Spirituality: A focus on the soul “the shift in priorities allows us to embrace our spirituality in a more profound way”

English Bible History

Christianity’s African Roots

History of Judaism

Catholic Church Admits They Made the Change to the Sabbath

The Torah states to worship YHWH. In Hebrew God is associated with Baal and other false God.

So Early Christians Stole From Kamit/Kemet Now What? Pt. 1

“ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WROTE THE BIBLE” BY DR. KWAME NANTAMBU,KENT STATE UNIVERSITY

Metu Neter – Ma’at – 11 Laws of God

The Kemetic Religion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spirituality: A focus on the soul “the shift in priorities allows us to embrace our spirituality in a more profound way”

Definition: spɪrɪtʃʊˈalɪti,spɪrɪtjʊˈalɪti/ noun the quality of being concerned with the human spirit or soul as opposed to material or physical things.

Spirituality means different things to different people. Depending on where you live you may have the opportunity to explore the different avenues that man kind have taken to express and develop spirituality.

There are so many different religions and movements that there is always something to suit you. As a keen reader I have researched Buddhism,  Zen, Christianity, Islam, Science of mind, Jewish practises. For me it is important to learn about something before I make up my mind if it fits my values and beliefs. I believe there is a higher power who we call God, Yahweh, YHWH, the universal power, The Almighty Father, The one and only God who sent prophets to teach us his law. This is my personal belief and any spiritual person will tell you that the journey can be a difficult one.

If we look at the definition of spirituality “the quality of being concerned with the human spirit or soul as opposed to material or physical things.”  We see that this is a something that can be independent of religion. Often spirituality is the common link between religions. Looking at spirituality in this way we find people who throughout history have lived by the principle of being concerned for the human spirit instead of worldly things.

Yeshua, Mohammed, Moses, Isaac, Abraham, Mother Theresa, Ghandi, Nelson Mandela, Haile Sellasie, are some people who have inspired people and had a deep connection to mankind. These are people that I have plucked from the top of my head but I’m sure you can think of more than me.

There are different steps that can be taken to develop spirituality.

1. Learn from others. Surround yourself with spiritual people. Model their behavior.

2. Meditate. Quiet the mind Meditate on the universal power or God.

3. Read spiritual books.

4. Pray

5. Spend time with nature.

6. Release the need for worldly things.

7. Develop the mind. Controlling thoughts feelings beliefs.

8. Expressing creativity. Writing drawing, dancing, painting etc.

9. Apply spirituality principles  to your daily life.

10. Broaden your mind and look into world cultures be willing to unlearn what you have been taught or learnt in the past.

For me this is a life long journey. I will never be perfect there will always be something to work on. I have to also unlearn things that were past on to my forefathers and developed in Western society. The bible teaches that there are good and bad forces and we have to be very careful about which sources we are tapping into. I am a very spiritual person and the more I develop this the more spiritual encounters I have. For example I dream things that happen,  when I’m in a semi conscious state I am given insights into things specific names of people and events that have taken place. Now through researching my ancestry I see that many Africans have this sixth sense.  Now my responsibility is to pray to only receive the word of God as I am not interested in tapping into the spirits. When you tap into spirits you may be given information that makes you appear psychic but these are dark spirits and you always have to pay usually with death. It’s important to repent for tapping into dark spirits and to stop doing it or they will enter your body, your life and cause stagnation, dry up your creativity, create trouble in your life and disaster. Dark spirits can corrupt your mind change your views and cause insanity. We can not be messing with both we just choose a side.

I do not consider spirituality to be the following listed below but this is because I follow the Scriptures. If you are interested in walking with God I suggest you drop these things immediately.

1. Starsigns, horoscopes, astrology

2. Mediums, spirit guides, tarot cards, healing stones, rune stones

3.Voodoo, black magic, white magic, witchcraft, potions spells

4. Worshiping objects.

5. Worshiping anything other than the creator or universal power.

6. Believing man is God

Believe me when I tell you I have seen the negative impact of these things in mine and others lives. The stories I could tell you would probably make your blood run cold. If you have found your way to this post you are searching like many of us for the that something else.  That something else has always been there. Keep searching and learning.

Shalom.

Catholic Church Admits They Made the Change to the Sabbath

Moses and the commandments
Was the Sabbath changed from the seventh day of the week to the first day? Well, yes and no. Let’s deal with the “no” first.

God, “with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning” (James 1:17), does not change (Malachi 3:6). The Israelites received two laws from Moses: the law of Moses, that of ordinances and ceremonies; and the Law of God, embodied in the Ten Commandments, which is an expression of God’s character. If God does not change, neither will His Law. “My covenant I will not break, nor alter the word that has gone out of My lips” (Psalm 89:34). “I know that everything God does will endure forever; nothing can be added to it and nothing taken from it” (Ecclesiastes 3:14). “The works of his hands are faithful and just; all his precepts are trustworthy. They are steadfast for ever and ever, done in faithfulness and uprightness” (Psalm 111:7, 8).

God gave His Law to the Israelites at Mt. Sinai. Amid thunder and lightning, a thick cloud covered the mountain, and a trumpet blasted. Smoke billowed up as from a furnace and the whole mountain shook as the trumpet grew louder and louder. Moses led the Israelites out of their camp to meet with God, and every one of them trembled. Then God spoke (Exodus 19:16-19, 20:1). If this Law were to be changed, it would be reasonable to expect God Himself to announce it, and give reasons for its alteration, amid the same amount of ceremony. Yet there is no indication in Scripture of such an announcement.

What About the New Testament?

In the New Testament, the seventh day of the week is called the Sabbath; it is mentioned 58 times. The first day of the week is mentioned eight times. It is simply called the first day of the week, and it is always differentiated from the Sabbath. This in itself is evidence for the continued validity of the seventh-day Sabbath.

The gospel writers record Jesus and the apostles going to the synagogue on Sabbath as their “custom” (Luke 4:16 ). Jesus said, “I have kept My Father’s commandments” (John 15:10). The women who went to anoint His body after his death “rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment” (Luke 23:56). Nearly all of the incidents reported of the apostles’ preaching occurred on the seventh-day Sabbath. Of all the accusations the Jews made against the apostles, never once did they accuse the apostles of breaking the Sabbath.

Some teach that after Christ’s death and resurrection, the Old Testament law was done away with and a new covenant took its place. But Jesus Himself said, “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled” (Matthew 5:17, 18). The law of Moses, which foreshadowed Christ’s sacrifice, was indeed made irrelevant, but Paul maintains that the Law of God is to be kept, though we now be under grace. “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid; yea, we establish the law” (Romans 3:31).

How It Happened…

Yet for nearly 2,000 years now, millions of Christians have worshiped on Sunday. So was the Sabbath changed from the seventh to the first day of the week? Let’s look at the “yes” now.

“The Son of Man is Lord also of the Sabbath” (Luke 6:5). Here Jesus staked His claim and forbade anyone to meddle with the Sabbath. Yet He knew there would be those who would claim the power to change God’s Law. Through Daniel he warned of just such a man. Describing a “little horn power” (Daniel 7:8), Daniel says, “He will speak against the Most High and oppress his saints and try to change the set times and the laws” (Daniel 7:25). Paul made a similar prediction: “Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way, for that day will not come until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the man doomed to destruction. He will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God, or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God’s temple, proclaiming himself to be God” (2 Thessalonians 2:3, 4, 7).

Paul warned that this blasphemy was already at work, and that it would come not from an outside influence, but from within the church (2 Thessalonians 2:7, Acts 20:28-30). Sure enough, not long after Paul’s day, apostasy appeared in the church.

About 100 years before Christianity, Egyptian Mithraists introduced the festival of Sunday, dedicated to worshiping the sun, into the Roman Empire. Later, as Christianity grew, church leaders wished to increase the numbers of the church. In order to make the gospel more attractive to non-Christians, pagan customs were incorporated into the church’s ceremonies. The custom of Sunday worship was welcomed by Christians who desired to differentiate themselves from the Jews, whom they hated because of the Jews’ rejection of the Savior. The first day of the week began to be recognized as both a religious and civil holiday. By the end of the second century, Christians considered it sinful to work on Sunday.

The Roman emperor Constantine, a former sun-worshiper, professed conversion to Christianity, though his subsequent actions suggest the “conversion” was more of a political move than a genuine heart change. Constantine named himself Bishop of the Catholic Church and enacted the first civil law regarding Sunday observance in A.D. 321.

On the venerable day of the sun let the magistrate and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country however, persons engaged in agricultural work may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits; because it often happens that another day is not so suitable for grain growing or for vine planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost. —Schaff’s History of the Christian Church, vol. III, chap. 75.

Note that Constantine’s law did not even mention Sabbath but referred to the mandated rest day as a “the venerable day of the sun.” And how kind he was to allow people to observe it as it was convenient. Contrast this with God’s command to observe the Sabbath “even during the plowing season and harvest” (Exodus 34:21)! Perhaps the church leaders noticed this laxity as well, for just four years later, in A.D. 325, Pope Sylvester officially named Sunday “the Lord’s Day,” and in A.D. 338, Eusebius, the court bishop of Constantine, wrote, “All things whatsoever that it was the duty to do on the Sabbath (the seventh day of the week) we (Constantine, Eusebius, and other bishops) have transferred to the Lord’s Day (the first day of the week) as more appropriately belonging to it.”

Instead of the humble lives of persecution and self-sacrifice led by the apostles, church leaders now exalted themselves to the place of God. “This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world” (1 John 4:3).

The Catechism

Recall the ceremony with which God made known His Law, containing the blessing of the seventh-day Sabbath, by which all humanity is to be judged. Contrast this with the unannounced, unnoticed anticlimax with which the church gradually adopted Sunday at the command of “Christian” emperors and Roman bishops. And these freely admit that they made the change from Sabbath to Sunday.

In the Convert’s Catechism of Catholic Doctrine, we read:

Q. Which is the Sabbath day?
A. Saturday is the Sabbath day.
Q. Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
A. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church, in the Council of Laodicea, (AD 336) transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday….
Q. Why did the Catholic Church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
A. The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday, because Christ rose from the dead on a Sunday, and the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles on a Sunday.
Q. By what authority did the Church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
A. The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday by the plenitude of that divine power which Jesus Christ bestowed upon her!
—Rev. Peter Geiermann, C.SS.R., (1946), p. 50.

In Catholic Christian Instructed,

Q. Has the [Catholic] church power to make any alterations in the commandments of God?
A. …Instead of the seventh day, and other festivals appointed by the old law, the church has prescribed the Sundays and holy days to be set apart for God’s worship; and these we are now obliged to keep in consequence of God’s commandment, instead of the ancient Sabbath.
—The Catholic Christian Instructed in the Sacraments, Sacrifices, Ceremonies, and Observances of the Church By Way of Question and Answer, RT Rev. Dr. Challoner, p. 204.

In An Abridgment of the Christian Doctrine,

Q. How prove you that the church hath power to command feasts and holy days?
A. By the very act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which Protestants allow of; and therefore they fondly contradict themselves, by keeping Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same church.
Q. How prove you that?
A. Because by keeping Sunday, they acknowledge the church’s power to ordain feasts, and to command them under sin; and by not keeping the rest [of the feasts] by her commanded, they again deny, in fact, the same power.
–Rev. Henry Tuberville, D.D. (R.C.), (1833), page 58.

In A Doctrinal Catechism,
Q. Have you any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?
A. Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her. She could not have substituted the observance of Sunday the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority.
–Rev. Stephen Keenan, (1851), p. 174.

In the Catechism of the Council of Trent,
The Church of God has thought it well to transfer the celebration and observance of the Sabbath to Sunday!
–p 402, second revised edition (English), 1937. (First published in 1566)

In the Augsburg Confession,
They [the Catholics] allege the Sabbath changed into Sunday, the Lord’s day, contrary to the decalogue, as it appears; neither is there any example more boasted of than the changing of the Sabbath day. Great, they say, is the power and authority of the church, since it dispensed with one of the ten commandments.
—Art. 28.

God warned that a blasphemous power would “seek to change times and laws,” and the Catholic Church openly admits doing it, even boasts about it. In a sermon at the Council of Trent in 1562, the Archbishop of Reggia, Caspar del Fossa, claimed that the Catholic Church’s whole authority is based upon the fact that they changed the Sabbath to Sunday. Does this not fulfill the prophecies of Daniel and Paul?

“For centuries millions of Christians have gathered to worship God on the first day of the week. Graciously He has accepted this worship. He has poured out His blessings upon Christian people as they have sought to serve Him. However, as one searches the Scriptures, he is forced to recognize that Sunday is not a day of God’s appointment… It has no foundation in Scripture, but has arisen entirely as a result of custom,” says Frank H. Yost, Ph.D. in The Early Christian Sabbath.

Let us ask the question again: Was the Sabbath changed from the seventh day of the week to the first? The Bible is clear: “And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy” (Genesis 2:3). “Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy” (Exodus 20:11). If God intended for another day to become the Sabbath, He must have removed the blessing from the seventh day and placed it on the day which was to replace it. But when God bestows a blessing, it is forever. “…You, O Lord, have blessed it, and it will be blessed forever” (1 Chronicles 17:27). “I have received a command to bless; He has blessed, and I cannot change it” (Numbers 23:20). Your birthday, a memorial of your birth, can’t be changed, though you may celebrate it on a different day. Neither can the Sabbath, a memorial of creation (Exodus 20:11), be changed, though some may celebrate it on a different day.

God instructed Moses to construct the earthly sanctuary, all its furniture, and the ark according to “the pattern” he was shown. (Exodus 25:9, 40) The ark was called the “ark of the covenant” (Numbers 10:33, Deuteronomy 10:8, Hebrews 9:4), and the “ark of the testimony” (Exodus 25:22), because in it Moses placed the tablets of stone on which God wrote His Law. (Exodus 25:16, 31:18) John, in Revelation 11:19, describes the scene before him when “the temple of God was opened in Heaven.” John saw the ark of the covenant in the heavenly sanctuary. David wrote, “Your word, O Lord, is eternal; it stands firm in the heavens” (Psalm 119:89). It is safe to assume that God’s Law remains, contained within the ark of the covenant in the heavenly sanctuary.

When God says, “The seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God” (Exodus 20:10), that ends all controversy. We cannot change God’s Word for our own convenience. “But if serving the Lord seems undesirable to you, then choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve” (Joshua 24:15).

– Emily Thomsen

Present by Amazing Facts Inc.

https://www.sabbathtruth.com/free-resources/article-
library/id/916/catholic-church-admits-they-made-the-change

Who did black people pray to before slavery? A discussion on Quora

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Click here to watch African culture  A 40 MINUTE DOCUMENTARY.

The great spiritual up lifter of the indigo people’s was a great enlightener called Orvonon, who lead the black man in the onetime service of “The God of Gods”. His influence for the worship of God lasted in Africa until a few thousand years ago.

You may be interested to know that shortly after taking leave of this world Jesus established a council of Four and Twenty Elders to help in the spiritual government of this world and Orvonon presently holds one of the seats of this council.

Paul Kemp’s answer to Who could possibly be the 24 elders mentioned in Revelation 5:8, New Testament?

The religions of the world have a double origin — natural and revelatory — at any one time and among any one people there are to be found three distinct forms of religious devotion. And these three manifestations of the religious urge are:

1. Primitive religion. The seminatural and instinctive urge to fear mysterious energies and worship superior forces, chiefly a religion of the physical nature, the religion of fear.

2. The religion of civilization. The advancing religious concepts and practices of the civilizing races — the religion of the mind — the intellectual theology of the authority of established religious tradition.

3. True religion — the religion of revelation. The revelation of supernatural values, a partial insight into eternal realities, a glimpse of the goodness and beauty of the infinite character of the Father in heaven — the religion of the spirit as demonstrated in human experience.

Read more here

The Urantia Papers – an enlarged revelation of TRUTH

 

The only thing we can be reasonably sure of is that it was not blond, blue eyed Jesus. Alex Haley portrayed his ancestors as Muslim. Most slaves were taken from the same region.

Further research on my part shows not blond, blue eyed Jesus but Portuguese Jesus got there half a century before Columbus got here. Feel better now?

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I added this picture I found which isn’t from the duscussion

 

You may first want to determine which black people you are referring to. There are numerous communities of black people around the world who different cultural practices. The simple answer to this though, is God. Not as you know Him from the Bible but as he was perceived and referred to in the different communities. Divinities were revered as intermediaries between human beings and the Supreme Being.

 

By black people did you mean Africans? And by slavery did you mean slavery in the United States? I am assuming that you meant both these things, and hoping that you soon understand the difference between them.

Before 1619,when African Slaves were brought to Jamestown, the enslaved people were previously living mainly in Senegambia, where religions such as Obeah and  Myalism  were prominent.

 

 

Africans always believed in God ( the rain maker, the creator of humans) in my language the called him Musikavanhu. So people relied on spirit mediums to communicate with the higher being to find out about troublres in the village or why they was no rain at that particular time. To this day people still believe in this. So selling the gospel of God to africans was easy. The challenge was selling that God had a son (Jesus) this made the supernatural being they believed in human.

 

The part of Africa most of the slaves came from were populated mostly by animists,  worshiping spirits, nature, ancestors,  stuff like that.  A lot of variation to animist beliefs.  
 
Some were probably muslim,  or part muslim/part animist.  There were also jews and christians but probably not in large numbers.

Hernanday Oleary

 

 

Mainly God or Jesus.  African peoples fell mainly into 4 categories.

1. Christians.  Mainly the copts in Ethiopia and east africa and the catholics in angola and the congo.

2. Muslims. Mainly the western africans and northern africans.

3.  Jews. Mainly the western africans in kingdoms around Juda which stretched across Nigeria and Cameroon.  Then you had Uganda, Zimbabwean and other african jews like ethiopian jews.

4. Ancient African religions which are often called spirtualities by Western academics due to bias (the same reason why greek mythology is called well mythology but christian mythology is called religion).

The african religions had multiple gods, the largest being ancient egyptian religion.  You had gods of different things, sky, sea, earth, underworld, water, rivers, fertility, etc.  Spiritualities are not inconsistent with religions.  They are like Voodoo, you can be a christian and believe in voodoo too.

 

 

It is very hard to say definitively but some slaves were muslims, some work pagan or had beliefs considered pagan to White Americans and some actually could have been Christians

 

Depends on what part of the world they were from. It varies from one extreme to the other. When the Zulu warriors dominated Africa; at least some parts of it, they enslaved whole populations and sold them from tribe to tribe, when the dutch came along and others they saw a commodity that could be taken to other parts of the world, the need was big; immoral or not, it was the economics of the day, blacks selling blacks into slavery and once their slaves became a world wide commodity in human trafficking….economics took over and drove it to what it became, one of the greatest, shameful times in world history. America gets blamed for a lot of it, yet it would have never happened without the help from every aspect of the rest of the world of the day.

So the the point; “Yes” they prayed; but the mix and matching of faiths beyond anyone really being able to lock it down in anything more than general trends.

 

All answers are suspect. Even today there are over 300 distinct variations on five types of religious based beliefs.

Sigh. So there isn’t a simple answer.

 

 

They prayed to GOD. The name of GOD is almost the same in most dialects of Africa. The people just ddon’t have a single set way of praying or appeasement. Ancestral worship wasn’t as paganistic as many traders would have historians believe

 

 

In my studies in preparation for teaching Comparative Religion,I looked at the many early concepts of what is a religion.Within the peoples of Africa,and even Native Americans, much superstition,and myth entered into what they believed.The god often was some aspect of their lives, i.e needs for food, for safety, for healing,etc.Prayer today is most often associated with some known religion and is thus addressed to the deity of the specific belief http://system.To a group of peoples in what we would refer to as an un-civilized society.The immediate concerns for life would bring about their approach to what might be determined to be deity.A native throwing her child into the river to appease the crocodile god is a way to seek protection.This may have arisen from someone being eaten by a crocodile and thus the fear came about.Throughout history myth has been incorporated with religious practices,and in many cases trying to separate one from the other can be difficult.One must research the most ancient civilizations in order to perhaps see where primitive beliefs were carried from one society to another.Remember that ancient Egypt was closely involved with African peoples.Prayer,as we define it today is specific requests,desires,needs,etc. to the deity one follows.Therefore in conclusion,in order to make this as short as possible, I would say that prayer in the black peoples would be directed,not so much to a known deity, but that which they perceived as an immediate need.

 

 

They had not been introduced to Christianity before slavery. They probably believed in the folk religions of Africa.

End


Yoruba Mythology
According to Yoruba (YOUR-a-bah) mythology, the first Yoruba kings were the offspring of the creator, Oduduwa (oh-doo-DOO-wah). A Yoruba king’s crown identifies the status of its wearer and gives the king the power to interact with the spirit world in order to benefit his people. A veil, a large face, and a group of birds are commonly appear on a Yoruba king’s crown.

Long, long ago, Olorun (OH-low-run), the sky god, lowered a great chain from the heavens to the ancient waters. Down this chain climbed Oduduwa, Olorun’s son. Oduduwa brought with him a handful of dirt, a special five-toed chicken, and a palm nut. He threw the dirt upon the ancient waters and set the chicken on the dirt. The chicken busily scratched and scattered the dirt until it formed the first dry earth. In the center of this new world, Oduduwa created the magnificent Ife (EE-fay) kingdom. He planted the palm nut, which grew into a proud tree with 16 branches, symbolizing the 16 sons and grandsons of Oduduwa.

Oduduwa was the first ruler of the kingdom and the father of all Yoruba. Over time he crowned his 16 sons and grandsons and sent them off to establish their own great Yoruba kingdoms. As descendants of the sky god, these first Yoruba rulers and their direct descendants were divine kings. Only they could wear special veiled crowns that symbolized their sacred power.



Boshongo


The Boshongo are a Bantu tribe of Central Africa.

In the beginning there was only darkness, water, and the great god Bumba. One day Bumba, in pain from a stomach ache, vomited up the sun. The sun dried up some of the water, leaving land. Still in pain, Bumba vomited up the moon, the stars, and then some animals: the leopard, the crocodile, the turtle, and, finally, some men, one of whom, Yoko Lima was white like Bumba.



Efik


The Efik are a Nigerian tribe.

The creator, Abassi, created two humans and then decided to not allow them to live on earth. His wife, Atai, persuaded him to let them do so. In order to control the humans, Abassi insisted that they eat all their meals with him, thereby keeping them from growing or hunting food. He also forbade them to procreate. Soon, though, the woman began growing food in the earth, and they stopped showing up to eat with Abassi. Then the man joined his wife in the fields, and before long there were children also. Abassi blamed his wife for the way things had turned out, but she told him she would handle it. She sent to earth death and discord to keep the people in their place.



Ekoi


The Ekoi are a tribe in southern Nigeria.

In the beginning there were two gods, Obassi Osaw and Obassi Nsi. The two gods created everything together. Then Obassi Osaw decided to live in the sky and Obassi Nsi decided to live on the earth. The god in the sky gives light and moisture, but also brings drought and storms. The god of the earth nurtures, and takes the people back to him when they die. One day long ago Obassi Osaw made a man and a woman, and placed them upon the earth. They knew nothing so Obassi Nsi taught them about planting and hunting to get food.



Ethiopia


Wak was the creator god who lived in the clouds. He kept the vault of the heavens at a distance from the earth and covered it with stars. He was a benefactor and did not punish. When the earth was flat Wak asked man to make his own coffin, and when man did this Wak shut him up in it and pushed it into the ground. For seven years he made fire rain down and the mountains were formed. Then Wak unearthed the coffin and man sprang forth, alive. Man tired of living alone, so Wak took some of his blood, and after four days, the blood became a woman whom the man married. They had 30 children, but the man was ashamed of having so many so he hid 15 of them. Wak then made those hidden children into animals and demons.

Read the full article here African creation stories

 

Wikipedia links listed below

African Traditions by regionEdit

This list is limited to a few well-known traditions.

Central AfricaEdit

East AfricanEdit

Southern AfricaEdit

West AfricaEdit

African DiasporaEdit

North AfricaEdit

Horn of AfricaEdit

 https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traditional_African_religions

End

An Igbo account

Igbo hebrew history religion & mythology

Sumerian records say that the first God-king of Atlantis was URASH – a Sea-Emperor. We have a river (river-god) in Igboland called Urash. Atlantis was the first world civilization. The Urashi river is densely lined with Wine Palm Trees – the very type whose seeds are being plucked here by angels. The Urash river flows from Orlu (Imo state) through Okija (Anambra state) and joins the Niger. King Urash was an Aborigin, and lived on earth long before the arrival of the Nephilim/Annunaki. My suspicion is that the Palm Tree (Sumerian “Tree of Life”), wch was said to be the First Tree in Eden (see Ralph Ellis: Eden in Egypt), was a metaphor for the Aboriginal Seed of King Uruash, and that his spiritual base is the Urash River. Thus the various species of the Palm Tree frequently celebrated by angels in Sumerian records are all sprouts of the Soul Seed of King Uruash – the First Man to evolve on earth – the Uncreated Aborigine. The Palm Tree is the most sacred and most important tree in Igboland. Its soft shoot (Omu) is considered holy and to harbour the Holy Spirit of God. It is used for spiritual deliverance from every form of evil, and to cordon off bad spirits and negative vibes. We are told in Eri mythology that after the Deluge all vegetation died, and God told Eri (the Atlantean migrant to Igboland – see our new book ‘Eden in Sumer on the Niger’) to kill and dismember his first son and daughter and plant the parts of their body in the ground. Out of the body parts of the son grew the palm tree and yam…. This is a very deep mystery we should try to understand. As I said somewhere else the Palm Seed is the metaphor for the Divine DNA of the aborigines – the Landlords of the earth – the descendants of the first God-King of Atlantis King Uruash. Yashaya is the incarnation of the Christ. But before he came, Osiris had embodied the same Christ several thousands of years before. Before Osiris there was Bakkhus also called Afra (Bi-Afra means ‘Be-Afra – ‘Home of Afra’. Those of you belonging to Summit LightHouse probably know tht Afra is one of the Lords they channel). Afra was crucified in Africa by ca. 500,000 BC. (Africa is named after him). He is the Crucified Christ of the Dogon folklore. His was also Bakkus. As Bakkus he was a WINE god (the originator of the Eucharistic Wine). His name is derived from Igbo GBANKWU ‘LET the WINE Flow’. He returned as Dionysius/Osiris before the Deluge. After the Deluge he returned again in his male and female aspects to offer himself as food and wine to the Igbo First People because all crops had been buried in the Deluge. This time he returned in the House of Eri and offered himself to be killed for the re-engineering of food-crops (Yam and Cocoyam) as well as the Palm Tree and Palm Wine (the Tree of Life and the Drink of Life) and for Breadfruit/Ukwa. All this is part of Eri mythology of Umueri and Umunri. He came into Eri’s house as a Son and Daughter of Eri, though he was the Christ. He ordered Eri to kill him for food to feed his Igbo brethren/children. Before being dismembered and planted in the soil, he/she was scarified in the face with the X-symbol of Orion called ICHI. By tht he/she was re-deified. He actually returned back to life bearing the name IGBO (Yorubas call him ‘Obatala Oba Igbo’) and brewed the tapped the same palm tree tht came from his body and fed the people with the sacred drink. He got drunk and his junior brother Marduk stole his Ashe and his title of ‘World Ruler’ (Oduduwa/Onyendu uwa), made war against him and drove him into exile to South America where he inaugurated the Olmec first civilization of the Americas as QuetzalCoatl/Kulkulcan, the feathered Serpent. Osiris has a Twin identity with Thoth. The symbol of Bakkus is the Palm Wine. Bakkus was eventually killed and eaten. So he was also the bread. The symbol of Osiris/Igbo/Obatala is Yam (Bread of Life) and also Palmwine.