Tag Archives: Slaves

Ham & Shem Egyptians Hebrews & Arabs in The land of the blacks Bilad al Sudan

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In this post I am going to examine the descendants of Shem and Ham according to the Bible. I will be exploring oral accounts and scientific and visual evidence of who they were and where they lived also. This post will also explore the modern descendants and what they might look like now and the theories surrounding them.

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Through researching where the ancestors of West African slaves come from I found that many of the tribes share an oral history passed down and even have copies of the Torah or Hebrew Bible that they state they brought from Israel. Some dispute this and it is quite possible that some Africans did move to Israel and then back to Africa. Other tribes as they are proclaiming could have always been in Africa from the beginning.

I don’t know about you, but when I think of black people and who they descend from I think of Ham.  This is an opinion that has been slowly fed to the population over years. We descend from Ham and Ham was cursed however there are some of the opinion that this was fabricated to justify slavery. The entire Nation of Ham was not cursed and only the biblical figure Canaan was technically cursed and if you actually check the bible you will see the error in this conception.


King James Bible
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.

The curses that would befall Israel if they did not follow the most high on the other hand were

According to Jeremiah 17:4 the children of Israel would be discontinued from their heritage (language, culture, possessions etc…), which would leave room for the question, “Since the children of Israel were discontinued from their heritage, how would they know who they are; and how do we know they exist?”

According to the Hebrew Scriptures the children of Israel are cursed by the sins of their fathers (Matthew 27:24-25) and scattered among all nations until the fullness of the Gentiles (None Israelites) comes (see Romans 11:25, Luke 21:24).

Deuteronomy 28:46 – And they (the curses) shall be upon thee for a sign and a wonder and upon thy seed (children) forever.

This shows us that these curses written in the Scriptures would identify who the children of Israel are because there would be no other way to identify them. 

deut 28:16 Cursed shall you be in the city and cursed shall you be in the field. 

http://webdesign97.tripod.com/hebrewisraelafricanrootsinformationsite/id18.html

“And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” – Luke 21:24

African history has been white washed and although in this society we state that colour doesn’t matter there continues to be a white washing of history. There has been an attempt to destroy and play down the significance of the African and Asian race in contributing to history. Examples slightly off point before we get into this post,  include the removal of the nose on African statues to try to make their race unidentifiable.

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There has been a visual misinterpretation of biblical figures such as promoting a white Jesus.

 

 

Yet the Pope and many parts of Europe pray to a black Madonna Mary and Jesus.

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Jesus black!! watch this short clip https://youtu.be/IwL4CGf7PDU

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Watch a reconstruction of Adam below

 https://youtu.be/qOgzEj6dR8c

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Artaxerxes III, predecessor of Darius III, from his Tomb at Persepolis

Detail from Darius III's palace

Detail from Darius III's palace

The Persians & Asyrians took the Hebrews into captivity and they went into exile.

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ELAM   עֵילָם   m   Biblical
Possibly means either “hidden” or “eternity” in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.

https://www.behindthename.com/names/usage/biblical

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People of The Arabian Peninsula below

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What would be a lookalike to this image below, now??

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How about these descendants?

 

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These tribes are found in Arabia and Asia

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Watch the link below of the Egyptian man forced to classify as white

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MOYD0yb6P0

 

 

East African DNA

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Click link below to read full post and then press the back button. Or see the below list.

Ham: The Origin of Black Africans and Black Arabs In The Bible

 

From the above link blacks in the Bible

Ham’s Sons (Genesis 10:6)

  1. Cush (Sudan)
  2. Mizraim (Egypt)
  3. Phut (Libya)
  4. Canaan (Israel)

Ham’s Grandsons Through Cush

  1. Seba
  2. Havilah
  3. Sabtah
  4. Raamah
  5. Sabtecha
  6. Nimrod

Ham’s Grandsons Through Mizraim

  1. Ludim
  2. Anamim
  3. Lehabim
  4. Naphtuhim
  5. Pathrusim
  6. Casluhim
  7. Caphtorim

Ham’s Grandsons Through Canaan

  1. Sidon
  2. Heth
  3. Jebusite
  4. Amorite
  5. Girgasite
  6. Hivite
  7. Arkite
  8. Sinite
  9. Arvadite
  10. Zemarite
  11. Hamathite

Interestingly, the sons of Phut are not mentioned, but we know that they existed because Phut’s lineage is mentioned in general several times in scripture.

http://www.blackhistoryinthebible.com/the-hamites/ham-the-father-of-africans/

this post will be exploring the descendants of Ham and Shem highlighting how they mixed to create the Afro Asiatic Africa and Middle East that we know of today.

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Firstly we know that Ham Shem and Japheth were brothers and Noah was their father and everyone in the world descends from this family according to the Bible. Therefore as scientists have proven we descend from a common ancestor.

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Multiple Trajectories of Islam in Africa Islam had already spread into northern Africa by the mid-seventh century A.D., only a few decades after the prophet Muhammad moved with his followers from Mecca to Medina on the neighboring Arabian Peninsula (622 A.D./1 A.H.). Arab conquest of Spain and the push of Arab armies as far as the Indus River culminated in an empire that stretched over three continents, a mere hundred years after the Prophet’s death. Between the eighth and ninth centuries, Arab traders and travelers, then African clerics, began to spread the religion along the eastern coast of Africa and to the western and central Sudan (literally, “Land of Black people”), stimulating the development of urban communities. Given its negotiated, practical approach to different cultural situations, it is perhaps more appropriate to consider Islam in Africa in terms of its multiple histories rather then as a unified movement.The first converts were the Sudanese merchants, followed by a few rulers and courtiers (Ghana in the eleventh century and Mali in the thirteenth century). The masses of rural peasants, however, remained little touched. In the eleventh century, the Almoravid intervention, led by a group of Berber nomads who were strict observers of Islamic law, gave the conversion process a new momentum in the Ghana empire and beyond. The spread of Islam throughout the African continent was neither simultaneous nor uniform, but followed a gradual and adaptive path. However, the only written documents at our disposal for the period under consideration derive from Arab sources (see, for instance, accounts by geographers al-Bakri and Ibn Battuta).

Islamic Influence on African Societies
Islamic political and aesthetic influences on African societies remain difficult to assess. In some capital cities, such as Ghana and Gao, the presence of Muslim merchants resulted in the establishment of mosques. The Malian king Mansa Musa (r. 1312–37) brought back from a pilgrimage to Mecca the architect al-Sahili, who is often credited with the creation of the Sudano-Sahelian building style. Musa’s brother, Mansa Sulaiman, followed his path and encouraged the building of mosques, as well as the development of Islamic learning. Islam brought to Africa the art of writing and new techniques of weighting. The city of Timbuktu, for instance, flourished as a commercial and intellectual center, seemingly undisturbed by various upheavals. Timbuktu began as a Tuareg settlement, was soon integrated into the Mali empire, then was reclaimed by the Tuareg, and finally incorporated into the Songhai empire. In the sixteenth century, the majority of Muslim scholars in Timbuktu were of Sudanese origin. On the continent’s eastern coast, Arabic vocabulary was absorbed into the Bantu languages to form the Swahili language. On the other hand, in many cases conversion for sub-Saharan Africans was probably a way to protect themselves against being sold into slavery, a flourishing trade between Lake Chad and the Mediterranean. For their rulers, who were not active proselytizers, conversion remained somewhat formal, a gesture perhaps aimed at gaining political support from the Arabs and facilitating commercial relationships. The strongest resistance to Islam seems to have emanated from the Mossi and the Bamana, with the development of the Ségou kingdom. Eventually, sub-Saharan Africans developed their own brand of Islam, often referred to as “African Islam,” with specific brotherhoods and practices.

https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tsis/hd_tsis.htm

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There is a lot of information out there regarding the Kingdom of Kush which the Bible states was the boundary of Noah’s son through Ham. The Kingdom of Kush stretched to Egypt Ethiopia and Sudan and some suggest through to Arabia and further East.

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On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,

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Mizraim A son of Ham, and father of various African races, Genesis 10:6, but particularly of the Egyptians, to whom his name was given. Mizraim is also the Hebrew word for Egypt in the Bible, and this country is still called Misr in Arabic.

http://biblehub.com/topical/m/mizraim.htm

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nounplural Negroes.

1.

Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) a member of the peoples traditionally classified   as the Negrorace, especially those who originate in sub-Saharan Africa.

 

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noun: Semite; plural noun: Semites 

  1. a member of any of the peoples who speak or spoke a Semitic language, including in particular the Jews and Arabs.
From modern Latin Semita, via late Latin from Greek Sēm ‘Shem’, son of Noah in the Bible, from whom these peoples were traditionally supposed to be descended.

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Strong’s Concordance
Eber: “region beyond,” a descendant of Shem, also the name of several Israelites

Original Word: עֵ֫בֶר

INT: and Shelah the father of Eber

 

People called Eber in the bible Noun: 

A Gadite chief 1 Chronicles 5:13ᵐ5 Ωβηδᵐ5LΕβερ.

 Benjamite names: a. 1 Chronicles 8:12ᵐ5 Ωβηδᵐ5L Αβερ.

b. 1 Chronicles 8:22 (עֵבֶר van d. H. Ginsb; עֶבֶד Baer),ᵐ5 Ωβδη, A Ωβηδᵐ5L Αβερ.

4 a priest Nehemiah 12:20 ᵐ5L Αβεδ.

So from this we can see that Eber related to Benjamin and Gad and Nehemiah. All of the “Negroes” we learnt according to the bible were not from Ham in the sense of starting a lineage. Eber became the progenitor of the original Jews and Arabs. The Semites.  The Jews or Yudahians came from Joktar Peleg and Eber.

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The path some of the Hebrews took from Jerusalem to West Africa the tribes Ashanti Yoruba  mentioned below in what looks like the Songhai empire area.

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The Jamaican Akan Root

You are Judah! your Root is Akan

Ours is the story of the scriptures.

The prophecies of the Bible accurately describes the series of migrations of the Hebrew Israelites throughout the continent of Africa, especially to West Africa, where the infamous trans-Atlantic slave trade took place. Many of the tribes of West Africa, such as the Ashanti, Fulani, Akan, Yoruba , etc., have oral histories stating that they are descendants of the nation of Israel, and their cultural practices are exactly the same as described in the bible. Therefore, many of the Africans captured and transported to America and throughout the western hemisphere were Hebrew Israelites. History and prophecy validates the claim of many African-Americans that they are actual descendants of the so-called lost tribes of Israel. The Prophecies and Historical Evidence of the Migration of the Scattered Tribes of Israel in Africa

The recent discovery of the Israelite tribe in South Africa named the ‘LEMBA’ tribe, has sparked renewed interest in this subject. If we read and discern the ‘biblical prophecies’ that describe the ‘scattering’ (diaspora)’ of the nation of Israel (the Hebrew Israelites), we will discover that GOD (YAHWEH) has fulfilled his promise to ‘scatter his people Israel throughout ‘ALL’ nations and countries’ and among ‘all tribes,’ especially throughout the continent of Africa.

“And the LORD shall ‘scatter’ (disperse) you among ‘all people’ (tribes), from the one end of the earth even unto the other.” Deuteronomy 28:64.

Read the full article at the link below

https://www.modernghana.com/news/609011/the-jamaican-akan-root.html

 

The African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem are comprised of approximately 2,000 men, women and children residing in three development towns – – Dimona, Arad and Mitzpe Ramon – – in southern Israel. We maintain a vibrant culture which includes a communal lifestyle, a vegan diet, a system of preventive health care and high moral standards – – a holistic approach to life based on righteousness. Our intent is to live according to the laws and prophecies of God.

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As a direct result of their disobedience to the laws and commandments of God, the ancient Hebrew Israelites were held captive by various nations including the Egyptians, Assyrians and Babylonians. In 70 C.E. the remnants of The African Hebrew Israelites were driven from Jerusalem by the Romans into different parts of the world, including Africa. Many Hebrew Israelites migrated to West Africa where they, once again, were carried away captive – this time by Europeans on slave ships – to the Americas along with other African tribes people.

In 1966 our spiritual leader, Ben Ammi, had a vision that it was time for the Children of Israel who remained in America (the land of their captivity) to return to the Holy Land (the land of their origin).

In 1967, after almost two thousand years in the Diaspora, four hundred Hebrew Israelites were inspired by the spirit of God to make an exodus from America. According to plan, they settled in Liberia’s interior to purge themselves of the negative attributes they had acquired in the captivity. After spending a two-and-one-half year period in Liberia, The African Hebrew Israelites were prepared to make the last portion of their journey home, returning to Israel in 1969.

http://africanhebrewisraelitesofjerusalem.com/?page_id=2

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(Nehemiah Chap. 1) Aramaic to English Old Testament

5 And said, I beseech thee, O LORD God of heaven, the great and terrible God, that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him and observe his commandments:

6 Let thine ear now be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, which I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father’s house have sinned.

7 We have dealt very corruptly against thee, and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments, which thou commandedst thy servant Moses.

8 Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses, saying, [If] ye transgress, I will scatter you abroad among the nations:

9 But [if] ye turn unto me, and keep my commandments, and do them; though there were of you cast out unto the uttermost part of the heaven, [yet] will I gather them from thence, and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen to set my name there.

 

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Understanding The Good News: The Eve’s Erhverhs

And it shall come to pass in that day, that Yahweh shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, from lower Egypt, and from upper Egypt, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

Isaiah 11:11-12

The Eve’s Erhverhs is one of the titles given to the Ewe people spread across West Africa. Ethnic groups such as the Ewe of Ghana and Togo, the Ga-Dangme of Ghana and the Yoruba of Nigeria are a part of what scholars call Eve’s Erhverh’s. The ancestors of these groups migrated from Israel after the destruction of the first and second temples and due to other wars and tragedy’s. Sadly, after centuries of living a relatively peaceful life in West Africa they were captured and shipped in the millions to the “new world” in the trans-Atlantic slave trade.

https://eslkevin.wordpress.com/2017/08/23/understanding-the-good-news-the-eves-erhverhs/

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The Definition of Niger

In Spanish, we find another more familiar word that also has the same meaning:

  • Negro: Mid 16th century: via Spanish and Portuguese from Latin niger, nigr- black. – Oxford Dictionary

Spanish is a Latin based language, and Latin was spoken by the Roman conquerors that the Hebrews referred to as Gentiles (Matthew 20:19). The early uses of the word niger and later negro, were not racist, but were more descriptive of skin color. When slaves were brought to the Americas, the descriptive terms were later turned into racial slurs meant to degrade slaves and their descendants.

Simeon – He was surnamed Niger, pronounced “nee-jer”, which means “black skin” in Latin.

Saul – Later renamed Paul, he was from the tribe of Benjamin, and was mistaken for an Egyptian (Acts 21:38).

http://www.blackhistoryinthebible.com/hidden-history/from-niger-to-nigger-simeon-and-the-other-black-apostles/

 

Biafra

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It is a Nation. The word Biafra is coind from two IGBO WORDS ‘bia’ which means COME and ‘fara’ which means LIVE. The people are part of the AFAR ethnic group in the horn of Africa, although CHRISTIANS. They are also from NRI KINGDOM and part of the LOST TRIBE OF ISRAEL.They were amalgameted to be part of Nigeria in 1914 by the British government led by Frederick Lugard. The people of Biafra do not see themselves as NIGERIANS. Between 6 July 1967 and 15 January 1970, about 3.5 million Biafrans were killed in a genocide war led by the British and the Nigerian government when they seceded from Nigeria.They lost the war and were once more integrated into Nigeria.They own the eastern and southern part of Nigeria. They are still seeking for their freedom Independence from Nigeria. The nationality is Biafran.

https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Biafra

Below maps show Deserts of Seth in Biafra, Kingdom of Judah and Euphrates river
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A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth
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The film, titled “Black Jews, Juifs noir en Afrique,” focuses on a dozen African tribes – in Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroon and other countries – each with a Jewish story. Some claim to be descendants of the Bible’s 10 Lost Tribes. Others believe that their ancestors were Jews who emigrated from Judea to Yemen looking for gold.

Rabbinical authorities have not accepted any of the groups as Jewish under halakhah, Jewish law, although all the tribes strive to be recognized as such at some level or another.

Edith Bruder, who has been studying these Jewish groups for more than a decade and wrote the book “The black Jews of Africa, history, identity, religion,” turned to Gavron for the film, which is expected to be released in the coming months.

“In sub-Saharan Africa, you can find ‘Judaic’ tribes in Ghana, Nigeria, Mali, Uganda, Cameroon, South Africa, Zimbabwe and even in Sao Tome and other countries. There are many of them,” Bruder said. “It is really a vast subject.”

The two women are documenting Sabbath celebrations in remote African villages, Ghanaian Jews practicing circumcision and Jewish-African traditional marriage ceremonies. They have even been deep into the forests filming black Jews preparing their “kosher” meals – in their own tradition, the way the Torah explains it simply – not mixing the meat of the veal with its mother’s cow milk.

read more: https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/features/tracing-the-lost-tribes-to-jewish-communities-in-africa-1.458224

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Ramses II

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Haile selassie descendant of King Solomon and Queen Sheba and Menelik below.

 

 

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Ethiopia [N] [E] [H]

(burnt faces). The country which the Greeks and Romans described as “AEthiopia” and the Hebrews as “Cush” lay to the south of Egypt, and embraced, in its most extended sense, the modern Nubia, Sennaar, Kordofan and northern Abyssinia , and in its more definite sense the kingdom of Meroe. ( Ezekiel 29:10 ) The Hebrews do not appear to have had much practical acquaintance with Ethiopia itself, though the Ethiopians were well known to them through their intercourse with Egypt. The inhabitants of Ethiopia were a Hamitic race. ( Genesis 10:6 ) They were divided into various tribes, of which the Sabeans were the most powerful. The history of Ethiopia is closely interwoven with that of Egypt. The two countries were not unfrequently united under the rule of the same sovereign. Shortly before our Saviours birth a native dynasty of females, holding the official title of Candace (Plin. vi. 35), held sway in Ethiopia, and even resisted the advance of the Roman arms. One of these is the queen noticed in ( Acts 8:27 )

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Modern discoveries prove their close racial and linguistic connection with Southern Arabia and particularly with the kingdom of Sheba (the Sabeans), that most powerful people whose extensive architectural and literary remains have recently come to light. The Sabean inscriptions found in Abyssinia go back some 2,600 years and give a new value to the Bible references as well as to the constant claim of Josephus that the queen of Sheba was a “queen of Ethiopia.” The Falashas are a Jewish community living near Lake Tsana, of the same physical type and probably of the same race as other Abyssinians. Their religion is a “pure Mosaism” based upon the Ethiopic version of the Pentateuch, but modified by the fact that they are ignorant of the Hebrew language (Jewish Encyclopedia). It is uncertain when they became Jews. The older scholars thought of them as dating back to the Solomonic era, or at least to the Babylonian captivity. Since the researches of Joseph Halevy (1868), some date within the Christian era has seemed preferable, notwithstanding their ignorance of Talmudic rules. However, the newly discovered fact that a strong Jewish community was flourishing at Syene in the 6th century BC makes it clear that Jewish influence may have been felt in Ethiopia at least that early. Although Abyssinians are noted for their strict adherence to ancient custom, Jewish characteristics are prominent all over the entire country. The opening formula of the king in every official letter–“The Lion of the Tribe of Judah has Conquered!”–is no more Jewish than scores of ordinary phrases and customs. Although it is barely possible that some rites, like circumcision and observance of the Sabbath, may have been received from the ancient Egyptians or Christian Coptics (The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Encyclopedia) yet a strong Hebrew influence cannot be denied. All travelers speak of the “industry” of the Falashas and of the “kindliness and grave courtesy” of the Abyssinians. Besides those named above there are many communities of mixed races in Ethiopia, but the ancient basis is invariably Negro, Semitic or Egyptian

https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/ethiopia/

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Semitic 
sɪˈmɪtɪk/
adjective
  1. 1.
    relating to or denoting a family of languages that includes Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic and certain ancient languages such as Phoenician and Akkadian, constituting the main subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic family.
  2. 2.
    relating to the peoples who speak Semitic languages, especially Hebrew and Arabic.

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Shem and Ham have been mixing for centuries and sharing and debating and fighting over scriptures and land.

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Ishmael the Shemite and Egyptian

(28) Concerning Kedar . . .–The name belonged to a tribe of the Bedouin type, descended from Ishmael (Genesis 25:13), and at this time conspicuous as supplying the markets of Tyre with sheep and goats (Ezekiel 27:21). In PP. 120:5 it appears as the representative of the fierce nomadic life of the Arabians. Hazor appears as the name of many cities in Palestine (Joshua 11:1Joshua 15:23;Joshua 19:36), but the combination with Kedar points to quite a different region. The probable explanation is that Jeremiah uses the term (as a like word, haz?rein, is used in Isaiah 42:11 for the “villages” of Kedar) for the region in which the Kedar Arabs had ceased to be nomadic, and had made a permanent settlement. According to Niebuhr (Assur u. Bab., p. 210) it answers to the modern Hadschar in the angle formed by the southern course of the Euphrates and the Persian Gulf.

 

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Genesis 17:20

And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

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Genesis 17:23

And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

Genesis 17:25

And Ishmael his son [was] thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Genesis 17:26

In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

Genesis 25:12

Now these [are] the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s handmaid, bare unto Abraham:

Genesis 25:13

And these [are] the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam

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Genesis 25:17

And these [are] the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.

Genesis 28:9

Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife.

Chronicles-1 1:29

These [are] their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,

Chronicles-1 1:31

Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.

Chronicles-1 8:38

And Azel had six sons, whose names [are] these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these [were] the sons of Azel.

Chronicles-1 9:44

And Azel had six sons, whose names [are] these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these [were] the sons of Azel.

Chronicles-2 19:11

And, behold, Amariah the chief priest [is] over you in all matters of the LORD; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king’s matters: also the Levites [shall be] officers before you. Deal courageously, and the LORD shall be with the good.

Chronicles-2 23:1

And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

Ezra 10:22

And of the sons of Pashur; Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethaneel, Jozabad, and Elasah.

Jeremiah 40:8

Then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.

Jeremiah 40:14

And said unto him, Dost thou certainly know that Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to slay thee? But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed them not.

Jeremiah 40:15

Then Johanan the son of Kareah spake to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly, saying, Let me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and no man shall know [it]: wherefore should he slay thee, that all the Jews which are gathered unto thee should be scattered, and the remnant in Judah perish?

Jeremiah 40:16

But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said unto Johanan the son of Kareah, Thou shalt not do this thing: for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.

Jeremiah 41:1

Now it came to pass in the seventh month, [that] Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.

Jeremiah 41:2

Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan over the land.

Jeremiah 41:3

Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, [even] with Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there, [and] the men of war.

Jeremiah 41:6

And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, weeping all along as he went: and it came to pass, as he met them, he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam.

Jeremiah 41:7

And it was [so], when they came into the midst of the city, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah slew them, [and cast them] into the midst of the pit, he, and the men that [were] with him.

Jeremiah 41:8

But ten men were found among them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and slew them not among their brethren.

Jeremiah 41:9

Now the pit wherein Ishmael had cast all the dead bodies of the men, whom he had slain because of Gedaliah, [was] it which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasha king of Israel: [and] Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with [them that were] slain.

Jeremiah 41:10

Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that [were] in Mizpah, [even] the king’s daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the Ammonites.

Jeremiah 41:13

Now it came to pass, [that] when all the people which [were] with Ishmael saw Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that [were] with him, then they were glad.

Jeremiah 41:14

So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Johanan the son of Kareah.

Jeremiah 41:15

But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites.

Jeremiah 41:16

Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that [were] with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after [that] he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, [even] mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon:

Jeremiah 41:18

Because of the Chaldeans: for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon made governor in the land.

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Extract from rastalivewire Prophet Mohammed the Black Arab

http://www.africaresource.com/rasta/sesostris-the-great-the-egyptian-hercules/the-original-black-arabs-of-arabia-part-4-the-black-stone-the-black-tribe-of-koreysh-black-prophet-mohammed/

Mohammed himself, who was to unite the whole of Arabia, thus appears to have had a prominent African-Kushitic lineage. According to al-Jahiz a renowned Black Arab writer and philosopher of Ethiopian origin who had lived in Baghdad, “…the guardian of the sacred Kaaba–Abd al-Muttalib, “fathered ten Lords, Black as the night and magnificent.” One of these men was Abdallah, the father of Muhammad.

JA Rogers, one of the most pre-eminent of Black African historians had the following to say of Muhammad(pbuh):

“Mohamet, himself, was to all accounts a Negro. A contemporary of his describes him as “large mouthed,” and “bluish-colored, with hair that was neither straight nor curly…Mohamet’s mother was also African. His grandfather, Abd el Motalib, is spoken of as being “very dark.”…A Negroid strain, more or less predominant, ran through the whole. As Keane says, “All who accepted the Koran became merged with the conquerors in a common Negroid population.”

Diop in “Orgin of Civillization” stated forthrightly that:

“….the entire arab people, including the Prophet [Muhammad(pbuh)] is mixed with Negro blood. All educated Arabs are conscious of that fact.”

Ethiopia and the Black Muslim Arabs

In the 5th and 6th century, the pre-eminece of Ethiopia was still putative in the Arabia and surrounding regions. As such, Mecca was teeming with millions of Black Cushitic Arabian and Ethiopian scientists, engineers, soilders, philosophers, writers, social revolutionaries. Besides the probable Ethiopian origins of Muhammed, Islam was deeply associated with Ethiopia, and was overwhelmingly influenced by Ethiopia in terms of the formation of its basic tenets, the elaboration of its doctrine and the development of its philosophy. According to tradition, the first Muslim killed in battle was Mihdja–a Kushitic Black Arab. Another Black Arab that greatly influenced Islam was Bilal, probably of Ethiopian-Yemenite extraction, who was such a pivotal figure in the development of Islam that he has been referred to as “a third of the faith.

” Many of the earliest Muslim converts were original descendants of the ancient Black Arabs,or they were African soliders, administrators, scientist that stayed over from the 70,000 man Ethiopian army that ruled Yemen in these times. In fact, the very survival of the Islamic faith in its most susceptible periodwas due tothe intervention of the Ethiopian King of Axum, who saved the earliest followers of Muhammed seeking refuge in Ethiopia from persecution in Arabia. They were given safety, succor and further education and instruction by the Priests of Ethiopia.

These early teachings underlaid the elaboration and further development of Islamic thought and they remain fundamental in Islamic teachings of today. It is therefore no wonder that Muhammed had instructed his followers to always be kind and considerate to the Ethiopians because they are a kindred nation of great righteousness.

John G Jackson, another pillar of Black History stated in his book “The Story of The Moors In Spain” that:

“At the present time Arabia is inhabited by two distinct races, namely the descendents of the old Adite,Kushite, or Ethiopian race, known under various appellations, and dwelling cheify at the south, the east, and the central parts of the country, but formerly supreme throughout the whole peninsula; and the semitic Arabians—Mohamet’s(pbuh) race—found cheifly in the Hejaz and at the north. In some districts of the country, these races more or less mixed and since the rise of Mohametanism, the language of the Semites, known to us as Arabic, has almost wholly superceded the old Ethiopian or Kushite tongue….”

Taharqo

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MA’AT (Truth and Justice), The Spirituality of the African race.   The Bible is a creation of man.

 3 January 2013 | Feature Article
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Except for the Africans, every race or tribe in the world has its own spirituality and religions. The Jews have kabbalism, Indians Hinduism and Buddhism, Chinese Confucianism, Caucasians Christianity with their own son as the son of God; Arabs Islam with their son as Allah’s messenger. Africans are the only race in the world besotted to their masters’ Gods and yet Africans invented spirituality and religions. This document is a very important one and is for your own good. As a book, it would cost you money to acquire but we are sending it to you free of charge. Do not abuse the gesture, treat the document with respect. If you cannot read all of the document at once because of time constrains, file it to read later to arm yourself well for the future. Every African receiving documents from me is free to post them on their timeline and send copies to everyone they can reach via e-mails, through blogs, other internet groups, sites or newspapers to publish as a means of informing every African alive and mobilizing us into one family.

African ancestors created spirituality and religion with the launch of the Mystery system, 6,112 years ago. They created over 2000 Gods and Goddesses, the first such in the world, with twelve principal deities that included God Ausar, Goddess Auset, Goddess Ma’at and God Heru, the later being the first human Son of God in history. Ethiopians known as Chaldeans, after colonizing what later became Mesopotamia 6,012 years ago, fashioned the Persian religion from the Mystery System. The religion passed through several phases including Albigensianism as its last relic before resurfacing as Zoroastrianism about 2500 years ago. Ethiopians known now in India as the Dravidians, invaded India between 3250 and 2750 BCE, to establish a civilization in the Indus Valley (see Pears Cyclopaedia, Pelham Books), and give India, Hinduism, which combines elements of their beliefs: the caste system, circumcision, magic, witchcraft, with the influence of the Osirian Mystery System. Hindus are polytheists who worshipped a number of nature-gods, including the cow.

Moses, a Nubian and the incestuous child of Pharaoh Seti I and his daughter, Bathia, adopted Akhnatons’ monotheistic version of the Mystery System to give the Hebrews Kabbalah as they migrated in 1230 BCE, after 400 years sojourn in Egypt, in search of their ‘Promised’ land. Prince Siddhartha Gautama, known as Buddha, a Dravidian, was born around 563 BCE among the Sakya people in Kapilavatthu now Lumini in the lowland Terai region of Nepal, dominated then by the Dravidian (Ethiopian) population. His features, including his thick lips, confirm his Dravidian origin. He gave India Buddhism.

Master K’ung or K’ung-fu-tzu (Latinized as Confucius) was Black. He was born around 551 BCE in the feudal state of Lu, in today’s Shantung province of China. He was trying to improve his people’s way of life by reforming their feudal leadership. He preached that destiny was the synonym of Nature and that Nature decides ones class in life. Prayer is unhelpful in this regard but destiny once received could willfully be prevailed upon for wider choices. He discouraged (witchcraft human sacrifice), prevalent in China at the time and advocated that spirits could be respected but kept at a distance because: “If you cannot serve man, how do you know to serve spirits.” He gave China, Confucianism.

Council of Nicaea (325 CE) created the Jesus Christ phantom. Dr. Martyn Percy, the famous canon expert once wrote and I quote: “The Bible did not arrive by fax from heaven.” The Bible is a creation of man. Man, not God, writes history, and history is always from the perspective of the conqueror, not the conquered. It is the elite, the most powerful in society, that defines the society’s reality, and that is exactly what Constantine did after subduing African influence in the world. In Emperor Constantine’s days, the official Roman religion was Sun worship, (i.e. the African Egyptian cult of Sol Invictus or the Invincible Sun). They called it the Jovian Mystery System and Constantine was the Chief priest.

During the reign of Constantine, and over three hundred years after the alleged crucifixion of Jesus, the Christian population had grown to the extent of posing serious threat to the unity of Rome. The Christians were constantly warring with the Pagans and threatening to tear Rome apart. Constantine, a smart opportunist, decided to tinker with both religions to create a monster one. Constantine converted his Sun God worshippers to Christianity by creating an amalgam, a hybrid, a fusion of ‘Pagan’s’ symbols, dates, rituals, and ideas, into the growing Pagan-Christian traditions of the time, to produce something that compromised and overwhelmed both parties. Constantine produced a sacred entity outside the scope of the human world whose power was therefore unchallengeable by mere mortals, and called it the Roman Catholic Church. To do this, he conveyed his 325 CE Council of Nicaea that produced the Nicaea creed.

The problem at the time, was whether Auset, (who was the Virgin Birth Mother in the ancient African Mystery System, imbibed by the Jovian Mystery, which was being adapted by the Church Bishops, should continue to take precedence over her son Heru, as in the ancient African myth). In the end, God Ausar, (re-named Yahweh), retained his double roles as the Holy Ghost (misunderstood by Christians as the universal ‘Spirit’), and as the human ‘God the Father’ in the African Mysteries, 4,425 years earlier, (who became the Christian Ghost Impregnator), of Mother Auset, re-named Mary, with Auset’s Virgin Son, Heru, (renamed Jesus).

In other words, “Holy” and “Virgin Birth,” were transferred to Jesus and Mary, from Heru and Auset. Jesus became born in Bethlehem and acquired higher rank than his contrived mother. He was supposed to be her first child and to have been miraculously conceived. His foster-father was given the name Joseph, and the carpentry profession, to appeal to humility. The name ‘Christ,’ came from the Greek translation of Christos (meaning anointed), taken from the Hebrew title of Messiah. The Bishops at the Nicaea Council in 325 CE, decided that Jesus, who was supposed to have been baptized as, and called Emmanuel before the Conference, was born in Bethlehem in Judea. All these were happening some 325 years after the purported death of Jesus.

Constantine called and chaired the 325 CE, Nicaea Council, which had 219 Bishops in attendance. Many Bishops turned down Constantine’s invitation to the conference. All the issues raised at the Nicaea Council were debated and voted for, including the role of Bishops, the administration of sacraments, and the divinity of Jesus. The Bishops had several sittings at the Council to perfect their strategy in the guise of separating truth from heresy. The story of how Bishop Arius was commanded by the Bishop of Alexandria to quit his beliefs or be declared a heretic, and how Arius’ writing were ordered destroyed, is eloquent of many things that happened when the Christian religion was being formulated. Bishop Arius was beheaded for saying Christ is not God. Read the lost books of the Bible.

There is nothing divine about the Bible. Humans put it together under vicious acrimonious human circumstances. The Christo in you, as preached by Paul, was the Christian emphasis until the Nicaea Council in 325 CE. Christo was not supposed to be an historical person. The vote to make Jesus (Christo), Christ, divine, human/spirit, and the ‘only Son of God,’ was very dicey and close.

The following statement is taken verbatim from ‘The Encyclopaedia Britannica.’ “Constantine himself presided and actively guided the discussions. He personally proposed the crucial formula expressing the relation of Christ to God in the creed issued by the council as of one substance with the Father … .Overawed by the emperor, the bishops, with two exceptions only, signed the creed, many of them much against their inclination…….”

This is the most important creed in Christendom. It was proposed by the Emperor, to the consternation of many of the bishops in attendance. But out of fear not to offend the Emperor, all but two of the Bishops signed the creed. Today, the Church claims that Jesus is some special breed of God, and that the Bible is some divinely inspired document. Jesus’ divinity was critical because if the Pagan God Heru, was divine and the only ‘Son of God,’ the new amalgam could not afford to be less so, as a means of unifying the two warring Roman groups, and the Roman Empire.

The Kushite (Ethiopian) kabala, soaked in magic and the knowledge of the stars, set the tone for the Islamic religion in Persia, 1000 years before Islam. The Persian (Sabaean) version revered the Venus-Sun-Moon and prayed to the sun at different phases of its course. They had no idols or images and no priesthood. They directed their prayers to the seven planets; had 30 days fasting as in Egypt; prayed seven times each day, with their faces turned towards the north, and the prayers taking place during the same phases daily. They believed in a future life and deified their dead ancestors. Zenzen, a sacred spring, Kaaba, a sacred stone, constructed by Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar (the Egyptian Black woman), the historical ancestors of all Arabs and Muhammad, and pilgrimage to Mecca as in Moslem times, already existed over one thousand years before the birth of Muhammad in 570 CE. Abdulai Kabiru, known worldwide as Prophet Muhammad, adopted the Kushian religion and reduced the prayers in Islam to compulsory five, to relieve humanity, making the other two prayers optional.

Religion is perhaps the most potent binding force possible. In fact, there is no other binding force as potent and total. It encompasses a people’s outlook, traditions, culture and philosophy of life. The food we eat and how we prepare it, our manner of dressing, the names we bear, the way we speak or rear our children and our attitudes to life generally are controlled by our spiritually influenced cultures and traditions. But because of public persecution and the mental and psychological damage we have suffered as a result of slavery and colonialism, we are ashamed to flaunt what is ours. We hide our native essence behind the ‘popular’ alien ones.

Every conquering religion claims superiority over those before it and that life began with its advent. Without destroying what is on the ground there is no space for the new religion to begin to breathe and expand. After 2,000 years of Christianity and 1,500 years of Islam, they remain the minority religions of the world compared with their older spiritual movements in Asia and China. Christianity and Islam draw a significant chunk of their membership from conquered people, especially from Blacks. So, they are religions of coercion rather than of freewill, and that makes them even less spiritual.

We as a group are the most bastardized of people on earth by foreign religions and ideas. Our masters’ baby religions take away our human essence, values and worth, by insisting that our native attributes are evil, primitive, and irrelevant. If we marry in our traditional way, it is barbaric and uncivilized. Our burial rites are savage and ungodly. Our history began with our enslavement and colonization, and our IQ is lower than that of the Chimpanzee. So we openly throw away our African traditions to aspire to the benefits of our masters’ ‘superior’ ways of life. We bleach, hot-comb our hair, answer our oppressors’ names, and aspire to speak, think, and dress like them. Now we are neither White nor Black. If anything, we are half Arab or White and half Black, and we are confused because we cannot progress as a people until we decide who we want to be. And if we choose to become fully Arab or Caucasian, are we acceptable to them? We cannot pull ourselves out of our pains through foreign religions that disrespect our humanity, contributions, and largely treat us as lower than wild animals. To move up, we must demolish what is holding us down. That is why the truth about spirituality is being exposed now and through Africa, the cradle from where life, spirituality and religions began.

For every race or group of people, there must be a guide, a spiritual rallying point, a centre of gravity that holds its children together before it can begin to impact on civilization. We as a people desperately need a common spirituality, a code of ethics and discipline. Unfortunately, our ancestors’ belief systems were usurped, doctored, and cannibalized by other racial groups to suppress and enslave us en-mass. We must re-claim and re-Africanize our long lost, or hidden from us spiritual body of ideas, to suit our purpose and empower and fruitfully propel our collective dreams.

African people must gradually lead the world back to its original glorious path of virtuous civilization terminated abruptly some three thousand five hundred years ago by Yahweh, and two thousand years ago by the West taking their cue from Yahweh. We must return to Ma’at. We must bring back the Ausarian (coined from Ausar) principle of world development, which is the original and ultimate form of civilization. This is democracy based on the tripod principles of African communalism, with Ma’at as the binding force. All African dominated governments of the world are to adopt the Ausarian concept of government. Political parties based on the Ausarian concepts are to be formed to take over their national governments from their current Setian (coined from Set or Seth or Satan), control. All Africans, must stop serving the usurping extraterrestrial deity that has declared war on them, and return to Ma’at for their salvation.

Within a sea of evil, an oasis of good can be created that can steadily grow in concentric circles to eventually and totally overwhelm the evil. The speed at which the concentric circles grow would depend on the dedication of members and the strength of their spirituality. It might make slow progress initially because of possible opposition from the oppressive status quo. It will eventually develop its own momentum and speed that cannot be reversed by anyone from within or without.

We are Africans and we are poised to take back our inheritance as human origin, to repair, guide and lead the world aright with Ma’at. Whether in Africa or the Diaspora, we are a special breed of people. Our ancestors created all the original religious myths that rule the world today. They pioneered civilization and we are proud of them all. The blood of Ausar, Auset, Imhotep, Chaka, Nzingha, Nehenda, Prempeh, Toure, Hannibal, L’overture, Truth, Douglas, Shadd, Tubman, Kuzwayo, Marcus Garvey, DuBois, Azikiwe, Nkrumah, Kenyatta, C.L.R. James, Padmore, Albertina, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X and Mandela runs in our veins.

Religions are deceit instruments through indoctrination for mass exploitation. Spirituality is individual spiritual relationship with the inner self and the universal mind. There is no deity or messiah to worship in spirituality and Ma’at is the mother of spirituality and the source from which all other spiritual veneer branched out in tribal directions: Buddhism, Confucianism. Spirituality nurtures gradually at peculiar one-on-one pace, because while we are all potential gods in our own rights, and masters of our individual fates, we each have responsibility for the well-being of others. Religions and faiths create dichotomy between ‘Gods’ and humans to foster the master or select elite syndrome, to numb followers, to raise a loyal tribe of mindless servants, useful as idiots.

Spirituality works for good and evil as with other sciences, but when used for good only, it is called Ma’at. That was what gave the world, Egypt and her scintillating civilization. Ma’at is the mother of universal spirituality; the most potent spirituality in the world; the highest level of science for humans; the ultimate cosmology; the repository of comprehensive knowledge of the cosmos, and therefore of humanity and creation. Ma’at is an open friendly cosmology, founded on respect for observable truth and logic. The deity of the supreme cosmology is justice, honesty and truth. Ma’at is preoccupied with truth, justice, scholarship and honesty. It is the microcosm of the best of the entire African spiritual firmament and its focus is science and verifiable logic. In other words, members worship intellect and scholarship.

We venerate the pursuit of knowledge and scholarship and we love all of humankind and nature. Because of our love of knowledge, we are the ultimate authority on the alchemic process that can transform our brains into the philosophers’ stone. Human brains are capable of much more than we think. It is an electrically powered and electricity-generating organ, composed of an estimated one hundred billion neurons. Each neuron produces and transmits electrical impulses which travel from the cell body down long fibers called axons to reach a junction, or synapse, with another neuron. At the junction point, the electrical impulses or the fire chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters, cross the synaptic gap to receptors on the next cell. Having received the message, that neuron then generates its own electrical impulse and sends it to other neurons to which it is connected.

Each neuron can be connected to thousands of other neurons, each simultaneously sending and receiving impulses to and from thousands of other neurons–so one neuron can electrically alter millions of other neurons. Studies have shown that ascension can happen in one of two ways, evolutionarily or spiritually. Ascension occurs when a human evolves the ability to use about ninety percent of his or her brain capacity. The ancients who ascended naturally reached this point without the aid of technology. They developed the DNA resequencer, a device capable of making humans so advanced that they could perform telepathy and telekinesis; use superhuman precognition and senses at phenomenal speed and strength; achieve perfect health, the gift to self-heal rapidly and the power to heal by touch; and the ability to use many parts of their mind to fully focus on something. Spiritual ascension can occur through meditation when one is pure of spirit and in the search for enlightenment and has a fully opened mind, and has shed one’s fears and attachment to the mortal world. In the process of ascension through meditation, many beings obtain the same supernatural abilities that users of the DNA resequencer receive.

Developing spiritually in Ma’at, is based on the principles of alchemy, which was created by our ancestors for the development of the human race. The spirit world is enveloped in electromagnetism that connects with our spirit doubles and other realities. Universal laws govern the realities, and man is capable of transcending all of them. That is what spiritual evolution is about. It is the knowledge of these subtle realities, and how to harness them for spiritual advancement based on Thoth’s laws, that ancient Africans chiseled into the fine art (that marries spirituality with science), used largely today by the Jews and some elite secret societies, and which has given us nanotechnology, such as the Internet.

Our ancestors taught that spiritual development or progress is possible in degrees through disciplined intellect, adoption of ethical principles and balance in one’s life. That one needs to allow disciplined subtle forces, to dominate ones physical essence. The secret knowledge the adepts taught, was about the mastery of these subtle forces progressively to achieve higher consciousness. Initiates, through purity of thoughts and actions, meditation, service to humanity, and spiritual discipline, became perfect in the act. Aggregate spiritual energy source then gradually, fully occupies their forms individually, for their astral journeys to their cosmic destination. There is therefore a clean spiritual-cum-scientific way to grow spiritually without getting involved in diabolical witchcraft. How to acquire the power of the spirits and the forces wholesomely and decently is one of the most highly guarded spiritual secrets in the world.

The system is called alchemy, and it was created by an African teacher described by ancient Africans as the “Thrice Greatest:” the greatest of all philosophers, the greatest of all priests, the greatest of all kings. His African names included: “Thoth,” “Tehuti,” and “Theuth.” The West knows him as “Hermes Trismegistus.” He was the world’s first “Adept” or “Master.” The system of alchemy is the only known way of genuine spiritual development, and is through the transmutation of the spirit. The Book of Thoth, written in hieroglyphic symbols, provides the key to the mysteries and how to acquire power of the spirits and other forces. Thoth, the father of alchemy, taught that everything (animal or vegetable), is composed of one common element or matter. That, the motivating principle or active agent of matter, in the evolutionary process, is spirit. That, this active agent or spirit, could be released to achieve transmutation. That transmutation or the ripening of matter is a common phenomenon to all things, leading ultimately to perfection of prime matter in all things, in unity with the kingdom and purpose of Tu-SoS. That, the ripening process, could be speeded up, through the imitation of nature in the laboratory. That when the perfect metal of nature is achieved, a perfect philosophic, (body), gold, or receptacle, is required to contain the released spirit. That this done, further transmutations are possible through the agency of the philosophic gold or the philosopher’s stone, and the rigorous imitation of nature.

Every living entity is composed of the four elements, (Fire, Water, Air, and Earth), in unison. Each element in turn consists of two qualities as follows: Fire (dryness and heat), Water (moistness and coldness), Air (heat and moistness), Earth (moistness and dryness). An element may change into another by substituting one quality for another. For example, if coldness is replaced with heat in water, it changes into air (vapour). In the same way, transmutation is possible in the human stone through images symbolic of death such as torturing, killing, separating etc. Prime matter is possible only by the reduction of each element to its essence and combined with other refined elements, to reach the chaotic state of original matter i.e., Genesis. This seed of things could then be treated in a warm vessel or womb of resurrection of what had been killed. By freeing and purifying one’s own spirit, a reciprocal event occurs in nature, but this could not be done without first creating the philosopher’s stone. This is the fifth element, which is the Prime matter of the world, the Fiat, the Word, the pneumatic Logos, the Spirit of Tu-SoS.

Tu-SoS and Man cannot be united except through a perfect medium of body. There are twelve stages in the alchemic work; each symbolized by a house of zodiac. Before embarking on the process, one must first bring order into his life. You must be a perfectly virtuous being, thinking no evil and doing no evil, to be able to achieve the benefits of the process. Nigredo symbolizes the death stage. This is the stage when matter being worked on is killed and when basic form is broken down to free the spirit contained in it. This usually is the most difficult aspect of the alchemist’s work. Alchemists describe this stage as a descent into hell, a period of great doubts when the subject could go mad and even also commit suicide. Very few people go beyond this stage and no one has a blue print on how to survive it. All anyone can hope for is to resort to prayers and leave everything to blind fate. This stage is symbolized by torture, amputation, dissolution, and calcinations, by burning waters, decapitation, wounding, flaying, drowning, starvation, separation, and grinding. To achieve all these, one must be separated completely from material comfort, be alone even in a crowd, helpless, hopeless, deprived, and starved silly.

The Albedo is often referred to as the dawn state. This is the stage when one is stepping out of the darkness of nigredo; a time of washing and cleansing of the impurities. The stage represents transition from base lead to silver and is often represented by a feminine figure such as the moon or nature. It is associated with the symbol of rebirth. While nigredo represents a moment of spiritual death, albedo represents a moment of baptism but the sun has not yet made an appearance. The Rubedo is the period of totally new awareness. This stage is marked by symbols of royalty and domination signaling the birth of the philosopher’s stone.

Alchemy, a divine art, has been laced with severe secrecy from day one. Thoth taught the art mainly to the sons of kings. Thoth’s alchemy produced the long stream of African leaders, seers and priests, who pioneered learning and civilization for mankind. The science is, in modern times, associated with magic, mysteries, astrology and chemistry. Francis Bacon believed in the philosopher’s stone, which could turn base matter into gold, and in an elixir of life, to give eternal youth. Modern researches into radioactivity confirm the possibility of transmutation of certain elements. To permanently conceal African contributions, the art was labeled Paganism by the elite who stole the science to use it to control the world. They have benefited immensely from it over the years; particularly through their elite Thoth inspired secret societies that now collectively dominate aspects of the original techniques. When the creators of the art play at it, the usurpers call them Pagans to discourage mass involvement, while secretly appropriating the secret to ensure their permanent stranglehold on the rest of humanity, and particularly the authors of the art.

All ancient African Gods, including Ammon, Tehuti, Ausar, Auset, Heru and others have been assigned a number of creative projects to supervise and nurture to success. One-week of every month for seven months ‘Festival of the Gods’ would take place annually in honour of the relevant African Gods at the Menephtheion, to bring together the leading artistes, scholars and entrepreneurs from around the world in the following disciplines:

Fashion/Cosmetics/Hairdressing and styles Painting/Sculpting/Crafts

Poetry/Writing
Film/Theatre/Video
Music
Dance/Comedy
Spiritual (incorporating the annual pilgrimage) 
The Menephtheion (meaning): the mind and heart of the African world, co-ordinates the thinking, focus and actions of the entire African race. The Menephtheion is the international headquarters of the Pan African Movement and the spiritual heartbeat of the African race. The Menephtheion, in fact, is to the African world, what the Vatican is to the Roman Catholic Church. All the leading thinkers of the African race, in or out of the citadels of learning are entitled to apply to come on the board of Muses through self and or third party recommendations and nominations. Send your resume and previously (published or not) original piece of writing or research work in any field of knowledge, aimed at solving any of our problems uniquely, and moving us forward collectively as a race. The board of Muses of the African race meets once a year to review the Black Agenda and scrupulously vet applications received, and those admitted into the board are honoured at a special annual ceremony and become entitled to use the title: Muse of the Menephtheion (mm. letters after name), or ‘Muse’ before name, and to participate at the annual Congress of Muses of the African race.

Our pre-occupation in Ma’at is to raise members’ self-help efforts to an art through individual involvement, intellect and unity. Our ambition is individual membership involvement and material and spiritual success. Our message is that no individual is alone; we are who we are because we are members of a family, community, society and race. There is no conceited economic baron or leader among us. No competition between members, only love and sharing of our pains and fortunes collectively and honestly. We love our ancestors because they gave us life. Our one name for our ancestors is Ausar. We love humanity because we are all from the same womb. Working patiently and diligently, we hope to use our collective goodwill, abundant physical energy, enthusiasm for hard work, our widow’s mite and love of goodness and truth to build a fortress of virtue and success. This in time would be a magnet on its own to install the ultimate New World Order of virtuous civilization.

Ma’at is not interested in the idle activities of waiting for the return of a Messiah or praying endlessly, which both imply attempts to avoid direct responsibly for one’s actions and self. It is strong on self-empowerment, enlightenment, enrichment, invocation, and the organization of often latent energy to enable the individual excel. It is not fetish but rational, philosophical, pragmatic, and is uncluttered with senseless restrictions. It is lively and boisterous in celebration of the purest essence of life. It is the binding cosmology of our race, and it is not negotiable because before we became Christians or Muslims etc, we were Black and African, and Ma’at represents this peculiar essence in all of us. It represents our souls as a unique people.

When people pray, for instance, it is not to God Yahweh, a White God that we pray, it is to our guardian spirits, or spirits created by us, or spirits that know us individually and care about us, such as of our dead parents, husbands, wives, siblings, children, and close relatives, that we pour out our hearts without knowing that that is what we are doing. They are the only ones whose listening devices or antennas are permanently tuned to us individually, and whose acute undivided attention is forever fixed on us. They are the only ones who take our prayers to heart because they know us intimately and care. They are the ones who try to help as best as possible, despite difficult physical barriers and constraints. They are the ones best positioned to come, and can come quickly to our aid, because they have a stake in our welfare and wellbeing. In some cases, they act out of guilt feeling of having left us abruptly, or so soon before fulfilling certain obligations and commitments owed us as parents, etc.

But when we dump our ancestors for alien ones, we render our saviours and protectors helpless and that is why our pains as a people seem to have no terminal point. Africans are the only race of people in the world worshipping other races’ Gods, Whites, Arabs and so on, and yet we moan endlessly that we are not making progress as a people. We are asking other people’s Gods to liberate us from their children and that is impossibility. Every parent fights to protect his or her own.

Individual spiritual activities. There is a physical and a spiritual nature to man. What tends to happen in real life is that we concentrate all our energies on fulfilling our physical to the detriment of our spiritual needs. In our quests for survival, we crave very hard for material things until such become insatiable and yet our lives remain dodged by all sorts of fear. The fear of losing our properties, loved ones, and of dying so soon, our selves.

We have material comfort and still we remain unfulfilled. Most religions (including Christianity and Islam), insist that we give up material quest for spiritual peace to reign. Even then, pains have refused to abate in the world. African spirituality believes that we can keep our wealth and be free from fear at the same time. That our spiritual and physical nature can be synchronized. That the synchronization requires conscious individual efforts that demand hard work in our chosen careers, unforced, clean, virtuous and wholesome spirit, fasting and healthy eating regime, abstinence from injurious life-threatening habits, and strong devotion to individual meditation. There is nothing mysterious about this. You must give your vocation your best shots at all times; you must be a good person at heart and in spirit; you must eat well and fast now and again, and you must meditate at a given time daily.

Meditate by your-self or with others. Meditation could be for ten, fifteen, thirty or more minutes, depending on the time you have, the complexity of the issues you are ruminating on, convenience, and your physical location at the time. You could meditate whether you are at home or the office or in a public place or in an aircraft, or moving vehicle, including public transport. If you are at home and can find the time, meditation could last for thirty minutes or more.

Choose a time of day or night that suits you best, preferably in the morning, or evening, or at night before going to bed. You should try to stick daily by whatever time you choose, because your spiritual twin would be waiting for you at the time and you can’t afford to keep the spirit waiting. Meditation is not a prayer session.

According to our deputy leader, Charles Roach, ‘prayers raise the mind up to a Supreme Being, outside of physical reality. Meditation taps on inner human forces. Both are therapeutic for the human spirit. Pan-Africa reflection is like preaching to our-selves. Our own inner voice or conscience shapes and informs our duties, obligations and actions. When we meditate, we are not petitioning anyone for anything; nor do we seek salvation through divine intercession. None but ourselves can bring us salvation. We therefore reflect on what we must do to save ourselves. We revisit the lives of our ancestors; we examine other cultures to discover what we can emulate. Meditation and reflection on the past glory and tribulations of our people, as well as pilgrimage to slave ports and transshipment centres, have a transfiguring effect on the individual.’

During meditation, sit if possible, quietly, effecting a relaxed, comfortable, pose. You should sit hassle-free, back erect, on the floor or on a cushion on the floor. It may or may not be a yogi pose since your comfort is paramount. Wear minimum clothing if you are not in public place because your pose or clothes must not cause you pain or distraction. If you cannot meditate sitting on the floor, relax on a chair or bed; close your eyes wherever you are and shut yourself off from the atmosphere around you for the duration of your meditation. You can do it without closing your eyes too, but it is easier to concentrate by blanking out surrounding physical distractions with eyes closed.

Spend the first few minutes, perhaps two to five minutes, quietly without saying a word or trying to think. Take a few deep soft breaths to ease your body. You need to be at peace with yourself, mentally, emotionally and physically. Listen to your heart beat. Let yourself, not just feel, but hear your own heart beat when silent. Then begin to psyche your sub-conscious being, (the deity) inside you. You can do this with others or alone by yourself even in a crowd, with unspoken or quiet spoken words, or murmurs, or you can remain quiet using thoughts only to meditate, accompanied with a tranquil sense of inner peace. You can do it totally with concentrated attention, drawing deeply into your inner self, demanding, psyching, focusing your spiritual half, to synchronize harmoniously with your physical half. There is no Messiah in meditation. If anything, you are your own Messiah, rallying and appropriating to yourself, all possible virtuous spiritual energies which aggregate the ancestral and divine powers of the universe, sometimes called the universal mind to which we all contribute and can partake of or share in.

At home, alone or with others, you can use deep thoughts alone for meditation, or you can combine deep thoughts with or without voice, to psyche your spirit self, demanding what needs to be done. Do this for as long as time permits. Tell your inner self, or the Great Deity inside you, what you want out of life. Detail how and when you want specific projects achieved. Ask for the health and welfare of your family, loved one’s, friends, anything legitimate, reasonable and objective. Be resolute, confident, trusting, assertive.

You must be clean in character, body, and thoughts, to achieve positive results. A thief or sinner would accumulate negative pay back. If you are a worthy person, demand what you want with authority, and confidence. Avoid merely adventurous thoughts. Concentrate and be articulate. After this, stay quiet for two to five minutes. Allow yourself to drift into a trance if you wish, by repeating a word or words concerning your most urgent requirements, or that capture/s your quest precisely and eloquently several times, at each session. You are psyching, and focusing, your spirit twin.

If you want something badly, concentrate on how to achieve it during meditation. Draw up detailed plan of action in your mind during daily meditation and keep refining this for one, two, three, four weeks or even a year or more. Be focused and resolute. Create positive images of fulfillment and identify with them. The length of time it takes to achieve your plans would depend on the hard work you devote to your plans, obstacles put in your way by others, and how spiritually clean you are. Keep quiet again for about two to five minutes to allow your spirit half absorb all you have said and done. If your eyes are closed while meditating, you may or may not need to switch your electric light off. If your electric light is off day or night, you may or may not need to light candle/s. The choice is yours and if you have to light a candle or candles, it could be scented or unscented. Some people meditate with soothing background music and some find this a distraction.

Fasting: Combine meditation with wet fasting for 1, 3 or 7 days, not every time, only during the period of your most urgent and critical quest. During fasting, eat only once in 24 hours. This we call wet fasting. Eat between the hours of 6.00 pm and 8.00 pm, and limit your main meal to not too oily food, which could be rice, beans potatoes, yam, plantains, and vegetables. Your food must not include meat but you can have fish. You can indulge in fasting longer but remember vegetarian diet alone cannot provide you with all the nutrients you need if you limit yourself too long to it. Our dry fasting means not eating in 24 hours. You can indulge in dry fasting for one day in a month, or one day in three months, unless your constitution can take more days. In both wet and dry fasting, you can drink all the water or fruit juices you need, at will. Thanksgiving (Sara): Do thanksgivings to end fasting quests, or once in a month or in three or six months, otherwise. Thanksgiving could be to your virtuous dead parents, patron ancestors, or the universal mind, of which you are part and from which you could draw inner spiritual strength. Sara could include giving of gifts or cash or cooked or uncooked food, to neighbours or total strangers or beggars on the streets. It could also be small gifts to schools or homes or institutions for the destitute. It could be a small get-together at home and is called ‘sara’ in Yoruba, Nigeria, language.

You give within your means and in replacement for what you would have spent on bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol indulgence. You can keep your reasons for the sara to yourself or share them with beneficiaries, (i.e., to thank my ancestors or to tap into virtuous universal energies for what is due to me not to be hindered, or to psyche positive energies around me to continue to work with my inner spiritual force, to strengthen my resolve and focus.

The simple steps listed here are enough to transform your life spiritually and as you become more adept at what you do, you will begin to hear your sub-conscious voice speak to you. Images and signs would begin to manifest in your dreams to sign post your direction. Your personality, intellect, self-discipline, and confidence, would begin to glow, and you would start to lose the fear of death, or any other fear. Turn your body into a clean temple (Cradle) of virtue and the world would be at your feet.

Everything you do counts, the kind of food you eat, your thoughts and actions all the time, your morality, your level of self-discipline and spirituality, all contribute to make you a great success in life. Be honest, open and accommodating, in your man, woman, relationships, and be the best brother or sister, there can be, to your loved ones, other Ma’ats and your friends and neighbours. As you develop spiritually you become immersed in the MA’AT principles of virtuous spirituality in preparation for higher callings in the Ma’at Cosmology.

If you follow our rather simple spiritual regime you would in no time lose all your fears and as you grow in Ma’at’s spirituality, and begin to acquire the power of the gods and a significant measure of control over your material and spiritual destiny. When one is called a member of the Ma’at family, it means the person is holistically focused, and is a strong pillar of strength in society. A Ma’at member is mentally stable and reliable; morally disciplined and upright, and is invariably a great family person. The Ma’at member is a lover of knowledge and an avid reader. Nothing is taboo to read to expand the member’s mind and spiritual horizon.

Group activities in Ma’at. Like kabbalism, Ma’at is a tightly knit family group, influential and directly or indirectly controlling a good chunk of local resources by virtue of hard work. Ma’at members therefore love hard work and hate being idle. They believe nothing comes easy so they put in everything they have, energy, brains and resources to excel. Members meeting place is called the ‘Ma’at,’ or ‘Mwanzo,’ or ‘Cradle,’ (or any other appropriate name in native dialect for the Cradle), just as the Church is to Christians. Members gather at the ‘Ma’at’ on a Sunday (the ancient African feast day), in a boisterous, lively, social gathering and co-operative society-like atmosphere. ‘Ma’at’ branches can add peculiar local flair and embellishments to their merry-making to capture strong community ethos. The gathering is called AFEFE (meaning, Ma’at wind that soothes and caresses), and is laced with happy revelry, suffused with drumming, singing and dancing.

A major event of the day is a lecture by a special guest of honour who may or may not be a member of Ma’at but who is knowledgeable, or is an expert in his field of lecture. The opportunity is used to invite scholars, important people in the community, government, or commerce, to educate the Ma’at members on the latest national issues and debates as they affect their well-being. Every lecture must leave the audience better informed and grateful for attending. A short question and answer session is encouraged after the speaker’s presentation.

After the lecture session, the congregation transforms into Mjane Msaada community empowerment parliament to set up projects, make levies, assign jobs and receive reports, on what have been accomplished. Mjane Msaada requires every member of the Ma’at branch to contribute an agreed levy weekly, (could be fifty, or a hundred or more units of the local currency), into a pool called Mjane Msaada, which the Ma’at branch builds up to finance projects. Members’ contributions are compulsory. So, why pay tithes, thanksgiving, etc., to enrich Priests and Alfas, when you can invest all that money in yourself in the Ma’at? A well run Ma’at branch, is expected to become a successful, efficient and highly respected hub of social, spiritual, cultural, political, intellectual and economic activities in its community within a short time. Three to five years at the most, buying up manufacturing companies, large farms and housing estates for members, office complexes to let, schools, investing in the stock exchange etc., and turning members into millionaires and business tycoons. Members are entitled to receive priority employment advantage in their Ma’at businesses as long as the applicants are qualified for the jobs.

Every race has her spiritual base. The Caucasians, Rome and Jerusalem; Arabs, Mecca, and are making millions of dollars from thousands of African spiritual tourists and pilgrims yearly. African Pilgrimage, AP, is an annual event, and takes off in March/April of every year. The first AP is planned for 2017 in Nigeria. AP brings together all the ideological tendencies and movements of the African race in celebration of our oneness and triumph as a people, and to pay homage to our illustrious ancestors. AP celebrates the family unity of all the children of Africa, from Cuba, Jamaica, Antigua, Barbados, Brazil, Guyana, Zimbabwe, Europe, USA, Australia, Ghana, South Africa, Nigeria etc. AP is to the African race, what the annual pilgrimage to Mecca is to the Arabs, or to Jerusalem is to the Christians.

With the coming on stream of the African Union (AU), the political sting of the irregular Pan African Congresses of the Pan African Movement has now become largely cosmetic. AP replaces the Pan African Congresses from the 8th Congress, to provide the anchor and propelling force for Black unity and ascendance. All future Pan-African Congresses would be known as AP, the African Pilgrimage. The African Union (AU), despite its constitutional and operational weaknesses, has considerably diluted the political importance of the Pan-African Congresses and almost rendered them irrelevant.

AP would concentrate on the areas of comparative advantage and through moral persuasion, discipline and scholarship, maintain a vibrant lobby on the AU, to ensure comprehensive, fused, and focused, self-fulfillment, advancement, and ascendance, of the entire African race. The African Union (AU) is to be lobbied, to be strengthened, to take care of the political aspirations of the entire Black race, while the Pan-African Movement, known also as (APU) the African Peoples’ Union, concentrates on the spiritual through Ma’at.

Every Black person in the world, every Ma’at member must perform AP, the African Pilgrimage, at least, once in a lifetime. The seven-day long pilgrimage, involves meetings of leaders, cultural ceremonies and events, exhibitions, seminars, spiritual home coming rituals, offers of reverences, and a mammoth carnival procession. Each pilgrim ritually slaughters a goat to the spirits of our ancestors during the pilgrimage week. Every male who has performed the pilgrimage is entitled to use the title ‘Azah’ (or Azahaaze in full) before name. Female counterparts use the title: ‘Azinii’ (or Aziniida in full) before name. Both titles mean spiritually cleansed. AP is expected to grow into one of the biggest, liveliest, spiritually fulfilling, attractive cultural, intellectual, commercial and tourists events and destinations in the world. Calabar or Badagry in Nigeria would serve as the dream venue and permanent site for the annual African Pilgrimage. Calabar has a vibrant spiritual culture and strong physical memory. It was a major seaport for slavery, providing access to slaves from the interior of Africa. In fact, 27% of all African slaves went through the Calabar port, whereas Ghana, Senegal and the Gambia combined, had only 10%.

Badagry was actually our first choice home for the African pilgrimage. That was why we held our first Black Think Tank meeting there in August 1992. The Oba of Badagry was very happy with the prospects and he gave us maximum cooperation and encouragement, but as we got nearer actualization date, the nightmarish congestion on the Expressway from Lagos to Badagry and the lack of amenities in Badagry to support bringing thousands of people there yearly for a day or a week, began to force us to re-order our plans. That is how Calabar came into the picture, the new TINAPA facilities there, were the lure but Calabar on its own confronted us with transportation logistic nightmare. Now we can transfer the annual week-long African spiritual pilgrimage back to Badagry because the Lagos State Government has embarked on expanding the Lagos – Badagry Expressway from four lanes to ten, and would provide a mono-rail and rapid bus services on the route by the end of 2013. Several cities are being developed as additional pilgrimage experience points and include: the Ogun shrine, the Yemoja festival in Oshogbo and the Oro festival in Ogun state. The Igue festival in Benin City, and the Sukur kingdom mountain in Maiduguri. The Kerengwa water falls in Nasarawa with its therapeutic health benefits. Nasarawa also provides the opportunity to visit the God of the Sun at home.

Membership of the Ma’at-Pan-African Movement-African People’s Union is the birthright of every Black person in the world. The right is inherited at birth, the same way we acquire our family names the day we were born. When you subscribe to your Ma’at-Pam-Apu birthright, you are helping to build one of the greatest Movements of people the world has ever known. Ma’at is the spiritual incubator of the Movement. Just as an Israeli is a Jew, nurtured and driven by kabbalism, a Pan-Africanist or Black is first and foremost a member of the Ma’at. Ma’at is the binding cosmology of our race, and it is not negotiable because before we became Christians, or adherents of the Islamic faith etc, we were Black and African, and Ma’at represents this peculiar essence in all of us. It represents our souls as a unique people.

Ma’at family Study Group meetings start with a quiet moment of meditation say for 2 to 5 minutes, depending on choice of the group. Attention at the meetings is given to how to build up membership, and how to help each other grow in legitimate individual activities as a member of an indivisible family group; the promotion of spiritual and social cohesion among members, and the provision of community services to help improve the transformation of our environments generally for public good. Each member volunteers time and resources to help each other and to help solve identifiable, quantifiable projects and activities useful to the group or the neighbourhood, to arrest decay and put them on the path of wealth building for the Ma’at family members. We want people who would help us take back our leadership of the world legitimately with brains and brawns. We want people who by dint of hard work and sharing, as one indivisible family in the Ma’at, would become and are seen to be among the most successful and virtuous human beings in the world. We want to win our respect back as the ancestors of the human race, the origin, the first born, because our time has come and we cannot afford to leave you behind. So, if you are Black, regardless of where you may be living in the world right now, you are an African and that means you are of the cradle, the origin, the first, and the first is the best in any language. Join the potentially one billion members’ strong African revolt.

We are taking back our leadership of the world from where our ancestors were pushed off inelegantly some 2000 years ago. Join us to colonize the world with our African walk, African swagger, African songs, African dance, African fashion, African science, African technology, African creativity, African business acumen, African scholarship, African spirituality, African joy and reverence for life. Join us to start the most thorough, most ennobling, most comprehensive, most profound revolution in human history. Join us to launch mankind’s final revolt – the destruction of hate, oppression, marginalization and racism. Join us to enthrone a world that cares, a world of love, a world that belongs to all who dwell in it. To start a Ma’at branch or to join us is easy. If you are African and do not belong to any religious faith, or you are already a leader, teacher, student, follower or adherent of Ma’at, whether in South America, USA, Canada, the Caribbean, the Pacific, Europe, Asia or Africa, you are welcome to join the universal Ma’at movement now. It is compulsory for all Africans and Blacks worldwide to switch to Ma’at right away, whether they are Christians; Muslims; adherents of traditional African faiths such as Sango, Olokun Ogun, Amadioha etc or followers of other none African religions or spiritual movements. When you switch, you can no longer practice your old faith. All that is required of you is the desire to get a Ma’at branch started or to join one near you. Two books have been prepared for the spiritual revolution. They are (a) The end of knowledge and (b) Ma’at: truth and justice. While waiting for the books, use this document to get started.

We expect you to start by inviting family members, friends and neighbours to join your Study Group and to probably start off with two or three or four members, meeting initially once a week in your home or at a chosen venue. Each member of your group is expected to invite family members, friends and neighbours to every follow-up weekly meeting, which could then be in rotation at the homes of other members that you all agree upon or that volunteer to host such meetings. We expect initially that people living in the same condo, or next door to one another, or neighbouring streets or district, or within a block or two or three of each other, or at a school, college, or work place, would begin to come together weekly as a Ma’at family group to study our two books an thoroughly familiarize themselves with what the Ma’at spirituality and movement is about. Every member of the Ma’at family study group and of Ma’at generally would be expected to get a copy each of our two mobilization books: (a) The end of knowledge and (b) Ma’at, truth and justice, eventually, to assist members individually and as a group in their studies and to serve as guide and reference documents and as comforting spiritual companions for the rest of their individual lives.

When the Study Group has grown into a family of (say twenty or more members), and the group is satisfied that members understand what Ma’at and the Movement are about, the group then elects officers such as Aggar-Ra or Agger-Re and so on, and registers and subscribes to the movement, to receive a reference code to form a street, community, work place, school, state or national Ma’at branch of the Ma’at-Pan African Movement-African People’s Union, and to be entitled as a branch to the following:

(a) A registration code number
(b) ONE BLACK WORLD, the Ma’at-Pam-Apu newsletter.
(c) Join the ‘Reparations’ Brigade.
(d) Join the Ma’at-Pan-Apu Passport (PAP) lobby.
(e) Be guided on repatriation/relocation strategies to Africa, which includes cultivation of dual citizenship of your birth place and of an African country of your choice on the continent. In the first instance, we have acquired acres of rural land in Nigeria (and more acres of land are being negotiated) for those desirous of immediate relocation to Africa.

(f) Join the Ma’at-Pam-Apu.
(g) Participate in ASSAP, the annual African Spiritual Summit and Pilgrimage.

(h) Hold office in Ma’at-Pam-Apu.
(i ) Aspire and if qualified, become a Muse of the Menephtheion (mm.).

(j) And, of course, be a shareholder in the African World Bank (AWB) along with every other African alive, through the Zawadi Kwafrica Fund.

We want people who would help us take back our leadership of the world legitimately with brains and brawns. We want people who by dint of hard work and sharing, as one indivisible family in the Ma’at, would become and are seen to be among the most successful and virtuous human beings in the world. We want to win our respect back as the ancestors of the human race, the origin, the first born, because our time has come and we cannot afford to leave you behind.

So, if you are Black, regardless of where you may be living in the world right now, you are an African and that means you are of the cradle, the origin, the first, and the first is the best in any language. Join the potentially one billion members’ strong African revolt. We are taking back our leadership of the world from where our ancestors were pushed off inelegantly some 2000 years ago. Join us to colonize the world with our African walk, African swagger, African songs, African dance, African fashion, African industry, African science, African technology, African creativity, African business acumen, African scholarship, African spirituality, African joy, reverence and love for life.

Join us to start the most thorough, most ennobling, most comprehensive, most profound revolution in human history. Join us to launch mankind’s final revolt – the destruction of hate, oppression, marginalization and racism, to enthrone a world that cares, a world of love, a world that belongs to all who dwell in it.

NAIWU OSAHON Hon. Khu Mkuu (Leader) World Pan-African Movement); Ameer Spiritual (Spiritual Prince) of the African race; MSc. (Salford); Dip.M.S; G.I.P.M; Dip.I.A (Liv.); D. Inst. M; G. Inst. M; G.I.W.M; A.M.N.I.M. Poet, Author of the magnum opus: ‘The end of knowledge’. One of the world’s leading authors of children’s books; Awarded; key to the city of Memphis, Tennessee, USA; Honourary Councilmanship, Memphis City Council; Honourary Citizenship, County of Shelby; Honourary Commissionership, County of Shelby, Tennessee; and a silver shield trophy by Morehouse College, USA, for activities to unite and uplift the African race.

Naiwu Osahon: the Sage of the New World Order, renowned author, philosopher of science, mystique, leader of the world Pan-African Movement.

links to some Black History posts on this blog.

 

 

 

Click the links below to view the posts.

Think You Can’t Research Your African American Family History? Think Again.

Using DNA to find the common ancestor — The Genealogy Corner

Who do you think you are magazine link. Tracing ancestors worldwide

African ancestry with link to African ancestry DNA site

Analysing trans-atlantic DNA results

The Story in My DNA

My carribean african ancestry DNA

 

Ethnic Origins of Jamaican Runaway Slaves

Haitian DNA Results

 

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AFRICAN🌟 DIASPORA (NEVER🌍FORGET) ONLINE 💻 ENCYCLOPEDIA!AFRICAN DIASPORA (NEVERFORGET) ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA!

Historical black figures in Europe and beyond

Links to the slave databases available online

First World War records of service

 

AMER’ICAN, noun A native of America; originally applied to the aboriginals, or copper-colored races, found here by the Europeans. Link below

The slave population of the United States from 1815

In Our Cities: From Slavery to Real Estate Mogul, Biddy Mason Leaves Her Mark on Los Angeles

 

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Inspirational black historical figures and quotes

Harriet Ann Jacob’s incidents in the life of a slave girl

The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

Olaudah Equiano – life on board – A slaves account

Who the Moors really were.

When Black Men Ruled the World: 8 Things The Moors Brought to Europe – Atlanta Black Star

 

Efik people

GA PEOPLE: GHANA`S TRIBE THAT HAS MAINTAINED ITS AFRICAN TRADITIONS AND CULTURE IN THE MIDST OF WESTERN INFLUENCE IN THE CAPITAL CITY,ACCRA.

Ga Naming patten

The tribe of Ga

The Igbo tribe

Igbo people in Jamaica

 

Stunning pictures of African tribes from “The African Way”

Benin trade and art

Rice production in Nigeria

Nigerian Results (Ancestry DNA)

Road tripping across Nigeria: A Photo Essay — The Five to Nine Traveller

Tracing Cameroon Roots

The Lemba Bantu tribe in South Africa

History And Legacy Of South Africa’s Legendary Warrior, Shaka Zulu. — African Paradise World

Sahel / Interior

PEOPLE OF THE WATER: THE LIBINZA OF THE ISLANDS OF THE NGIRI RIVER, DEMOCRATIC REPUPLIC OF THE CONGO – Part 2: THE WATER..

African ancestry with link to African ancestry DNA site

 

Israelite Tribes

The East African Israelites of Zanjiland

The Bantu Branch of ‘Africans’ are Hebrew Israelites PART I of II

History And Legacy Of Haile Selassie I — African Paradise World

THE YORUBA AND OTHER HEBREW ISRAELITES OF NIGERIA

The tribes Benjamin & Judah

THE HEBREW ISRAELITES AND THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE CONNECTION

“BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES “BY ANGELFIRE.COM

Black History Pt 3: The True Identity of the West African Slaves PT 3

Found Biblical heritage of Black Americans Historical Evidence They Are Hebrews ( New Videos Added )

The Igbo and Hebrew Jewish practises.

Exploration of The Hebrews descended from the tribe of GADExploration of The Hebrews descended from the tribe of GAD

Israel’s Covenant Renewal Deuteronomy

 

Developing a connection with your spirit

Spirituality: A focus on the soul “the shift in priorities allows us to embrace our spirituality in a more profound way”

English Bible History

Christianity’s African Roots

History of Judaism

Catholic Church Admits They Made the Change to the Sabbath

The Torah states to worship YHWH. In Hebrew God is associated with Baal and other false God.

So Early Christians Stole From Kamit/Kemet Now What? Pt. 1

“ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WROTE THE BIBLE” BY DR. KWAME NANTAMBU,KENT STATE UNIVERSITY

Metu Neter – Ma’at – 11 Laws of God

The Kemetic Religion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The tribe of Ga

Ancestry DNA shows I have an African ancestor by the name of Quartey. I searched the name in Google and found they are descendants of the Ga tribe from Accra Ghana. I am going to research this tribe and continue to update this post with my findings. My DNA shows I am 7% Nigerian and 12% Ivory Coast Ghana.

SHEIKH MUSTAFA’S INTRODUCTION IS BELOW type his name into Google to find his blog or check out my re blogs.

INTRODUCTION by SHEIKH MUSTAFA

Quarteys’ all over the world are descendants of the Royal Family of Kpakpatse We clan of the Asεrε group of the Ga speaking people, which is one of the seven quarters (Akutséii) that constituted the Ashiedu Kεtεkε District within the Odododiodioo Constituency of the Ga Mashie Community in Accra. The Asεrε group of people comprises of five different clans which relocated to the coastal settlements of Little Akra (Ga Mashie) after the destruction of Great Akra (Ayawaso) by the Akwamus in the early Sixteen Century. Among them is the Kpakpatse We Royal Family, whose history we shall discuss in this discourse.

That is the end of SHEIKH MUSTAFA quote.

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History and Cultural Relations

The Ga have lived in southern Ghana for more than a thousand years. They largely displaced or intermarried with the indigenous Kpeshi people, established their system of rotating slash-and-burn horticulture, and eventually adopted maize as a primary staple as opposed to the earlier millet. The date of the earliest settlement at Accra is not known, but that settlement was flourishing by the fifteenth century. Accra developed from a series of contiguous settlements formed at different times by different peoples who developed a coherent but flexible sense of Ga identity.

The growth of Accra was stimulated by the arrival of the Europeans, the first being the Portuguese, who built a small fort there in 1482. In the seventeenth century the English, Dutch, Swedes, and Danes established spheres of influence, entering into a preexisting coastal trade. Further growth came with the destruction of the original capital, Ayawaso, 2.1 miles (3.4 kilometers) northwest of Accra, by the Akwamu kingdom in 1677. After being in a tributary relationship with the Akwamu until 1730, Accra regained and largely maintained its independence until it was occupied by the British in 1874. By the beginning of the nineteenth century Accra had a population of approximately 7,500 to 10,000 and was well developed, with extensive interior and exterior trade connections. Merchants in Accra acted as middlepersons in the trade of slaves, gold, and other commodities between the Europeans and the Asante kingdom to the north. From the 1820s on European missionaries arrived in the area and had a substantial impact.

Ga ethnicity was constructed out of many strands because of the multiplicity of trade contacts, religious influences, founding ethnicities, and cross-cultural contacts fostered by intermarriage. A common saying at Asere is, “There is no such thing as a pure Ga.” Not only were many European and inland African ethnicities represented in Accra over hundreds of years, but also the lateral coastal connections produced migrations of Brazilian, Sierra Leonean, and Nigerian families, who formed clans and assumed Ga identity.

Around the turn of the twentieth century Accra experienced a series of disasters, including famines, a fire in 1894, an earthquake in 1906, bubonic plague, and the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919, as well as continuous emigration of skilled laborers. A severe earthquake in 1939 destroyed much of Central Accra and gave added impetus to settle in new suburban settlements such as Kaneshie and Adabraka.

http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/anthropology-and-archaeology/people/ga

 

The tribe of Ga are descendants of GAD and are the hebrew Israelites. They left Egypt and migrated to Ghana via Nigeria and Ethiopia there is much discussion around this on the internet.

http://www.ghanadot.com have great information regarding this. Below is a quote from their blog.


The Ga-Dangmes claim to be descendants DAN and GAD, the fifth and seventh sons of Jacob. Biblical history suggests that Jacob, whom God named YISRAEL had Leah as his wife who gave birth to four sons for him. When Leah noticed that she had passed child-bearing age, she gave her maid servant, ZILPAH to wife. Through Zilpah, Jacob had Dan and Gad and four more sons. Jacob has two sons with Rachel. Gad’s fifth son was Eri who later formed a clan known as Erites (Genesis 30:9, Genesis 46:16, Numbers 26:15-19 and Deuteronomy 3:12; Genesis 30:4-8 3:12.The descendant of Eri, son of Gad are believed to have founded the Nri Kingdom around 900 A.D of the South Eastern and parts of the mid-western Igboland in Nigeria with other tribes of Levi, Zebulon, Ephraim and possibly more. In the Book of numbers, the Bible had made extensive references to the children of Israel, which includes Gad and Dan and their children (Numbers 1:1-54).

Biblical history strongly lends support to the claim by Ga-Dangmes that they are HEBREW ISRAELITES due to the fact Ga-Dangme names are found throughout the OLD TESTAMENT. Examples are: NIIKOILAI (Rev:2, 6, 15); AMASA (2 Samuel 17, 25; 1 Chronicle 33 20-21 DJAANI/JANNE, 2 Timothy 3: 8; AMON, 2 Chronicle 33: 20-21; ASHALE (ASAHEL), 1 Chronicle 2:16, 2 Samuel 2: 18-19.

King AYI KUSHI, spelled Cush in Hebrew, Genesis 10: 6 Jeremiah 13:23, Isaiah 18:12) led the Ga-Dangmes from Cush in Jerusalem to Ayawaso and was the founder of the GA DYNASTY. It is believed that the Ga-Dangmes Kingdom at AYAWASO was the first Kingdom in GHANA. It is interesting that Queen Dode (Dodi) Akabi’s name DODI is a Hebrew Name. Also, the name of the hunter, KADI, who found a group people at OSU DOKU and introduced them to the Nungua Mantse, is a Hebrew name. The Nungua Mantse, in consultation with the Ga Mashi Mantse gave Osu lands to the “KADI GBOI” as people of Osu were referred to.

Ga-Dangmes custom of circumcision of their male born and their patriarch traditions further lend support to their Hebrew Israelites origins (Genesis 17: 1-12). The HOMOWO FESTIVAL (the PASSOVER) celebrated by the Ga-Dnagmes supports their claim that they are Hebrew Israelites, descendants of children of Jacob (Exodus 13: 1-10); Exodus 12: 1-50; Numbers 9:1-5

According to Abbey in his book KEDZI AFO JORDAN (1968), Ga-Dangmes tradition during which they put money in the coffins of their deceased relatives prior to burial is an ancient Hebrew Israelites custom. In ancient Israel of the Bible, the deceased were said to be buried across the river Jordan. Coins placed in the coffins of the deceased believing that  their spirits will use it in “paying” for their passage across the River Jordan. The “abayan”, cloth belonging to the deceased, which is torn to pieces, and each piece placed on the left wrist of the deceased relatives and very close friends, is an ancient Jewish custom. Also, the DIPO or OTUFO customs of the Ga-Dangmes are said to be ancient Hebrew Israelites customs. These and ancient traditional customs still observed by Ga-Dangmes clearly lend credence to their claim that they are of Hebrew Israelites origins.

End of extract from Ghana. Com blog

Through my own research I have found that the Ga-Dnagmes believe in one supreme being and an evil being who we would call Satan in Europe society. The tribe also believe there are good and bad spirits. The tribe believe that our ancestors guide us through life. People are held accountable in this community for their actions. Many people would have you believe that all of these people worship deities and animals and spirits which is not the case. There are good and bad types of worship and the bad takes the direction of black magic, spirit worship and sacrifices to a number of God’s in my opinion and the opinion of some of the Ghanian community. A documentary I watched discussed this very point and even the indigenous Igbo of the land are aware of this and confirm the difference in the 2 religions. An interesting point is that for 1000s of years there have been people who believed in one God. Religion unfortunately has used it’s power to dominate and rule over certain people claiming all men worshiped numerous God’s and therefore had to be taken under control. Slavery is heavily documented in The Bible and Quran and historical documents breathe life to the story.

Fort James was built in 1673 in Accra as a trading port.  It appears that the slaves were shipped straight from Ghana to Jamaica and other ports that I have yet to explore. In researching my heritage I identified that my paternal line traces back to Accra Ghana. I stored the picture below as my investigations led to Elmina Ghana. Many slaves were transported from the castle below.

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Elmina is conveniently located at the shore line providing a means of transporting the slaves at the time. This castle was used in Ghana to ship the slaves across the continent.

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Some of the people enslaved were described as AKAN  in the slave records. These Africans were from The slavery Gold Coast and would likely have spoken a number of languages which are still in use today.

 

Currently English is the official language of Ghana and the Ga are a mixture of peoples concentrated in the capital, many first-language Ga speakers also know English, one or more of the Akan languages (Fante or Twi), and/or Ewe. These are the languages that they speak in that area.

Further information can be found online http://www.encyclopedia.com they state the following:

The oldest area of settlement in Accra, now known as Central Accra, is composed of seven quarters, among which Asere, Abola, and Gbese are oldest and considered to be the most traditionally Ga. Otublohum originally was settled by people from Akwamu and Denkyera to the northwest. These four quarters make up Ussher Town, the area placed under Dutch jurisdiction in the seventeenth century. The other three quartersAlata or Nleshi, Sempe, and Akanmadzeare said to be of later origin. Alata was settled by Nigerian workers imported to construct a European fort. These three quarters are commonly called James Town and formed the original area of British jurisdiction at Accra. Asere is by far the largest quarter in terms of population and area. All quarters have clan houses known as wekushia, the original homes of Ga patrilineages, and chiefs called mantsemei.

Extract above from http://www.encyclopedia.com

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Ghanian Tour Guide

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My DNA interestingly enough shows the migration of africans down the coast of Africa from Mali and Senegal down to Nigeria Ghana Benin Togo Cameroon and Congo

It is also to be noted that the tribe of Ga are no longer just found in Africa. There are claims that the chereokee Indians and native Americans also originate from this tribe. I will be exploring their heritage and other tribes later in this blog.

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A personal account of St George Castle in Elmina is below by the New York Times

http://www.nytimes.com/1990/11/25/travel/the-slave-fortresses-of-ghana.html?pagewanted=all

Elmina, 93 miles west of Accra, at the western edge of Ghana’s central region, is different. Here the highway looks out on coconut groves lining the beach, and the massive weight of St. George’s Castle, at the end of the bay’s long sweep, is clear even from a distance. Here the contrasts that characterize Europe’s first footholds on the continent make themselves felt: the gray and white of the stone against the turquoise and green of the sea, the fortified solidity of the structure against the airy openness of the horizon.

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Built in 1482 by the Portuguese in the area they called Mina de Ouro (the gold mine), after they found vast quantities of the precious metal there, the castle is the oldest European structure in sub-Saharan Africa. For more than 100 years the area around Elmina was the center of a thriving trade in gold, ivory and peppers, which the Africans supplied in abundance, and cloth, beads, metals and hardware, which the Portuguese brought from Europe.

After two unsuccessful attempts to take it, the Dutch captured the castle in 1637 with an assault from the land. Mindful of similar threats, they built Fort Coenraadsburg on St. Iago Hill, where it keeps watch to this day over St. George’s rear. The great castle then became the African headquarters of the Dutch West Indies Company, whose business was supplying the needs of the New World’s great plantations. Foremost among these was the need for labor; the Dutch became the slave trade’s masters.

Elmina’s storerooms were converted to dungeons as other European powers built lodges and forts on what became known as the Gold Coast and began competing fiercely for their share of the trade from the mid-1600’s on. The building that once housed a Portuguese Catholic Church became Elmina’s slave market, where African dealers brought their captives, many of them victims of tribal wars. By the 18th century an estimated 68,400 slaves were exported from Africa each year, of whom about 41,000 came from West Africa, according to published accounts of the times. Of those, 10,000 left Elmina’s shores when the castle was operating at full capacity, according to Ghana’s Museums and Monuments Board.

See also The Ga-Dangme of Ghana

Major Ethnic Groups Of Ghana

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